Spatial Dynamics and Expanded Vertical Niche of Blue Sharks in Oceanographic Fronts Reveal Habitat Targets for Conservation
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{"title"=>"Spatial dynamics and expanded vertical niche of blue sharks in oceanographic fronts reveal habitat targets for conservation", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Nuno", "last_name"=>"Queiroz", "scopus_author_id"=>"35300469000"}, {"first_name"=>"Nicolas E.", "last_name"=>"Humphries", "scopus_author_id"=>"23670181200"}, {"first_name"=>"Leslie R.", "last_name"=>"Noble", "scopus_author_id"=>"7005553923"}, {"first_name"=>"António M.", "last_name"=>"Santos", "scopus_author_id"=>"10241953000"}, {"first_name"=>"David W.", "last_name"=>"Sims", "scopus_author_id"=>"7101600708"}], "year"=>2012, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"sgr"=>"84857773014", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0032374", "pui"=>"364357284", "pmid"=>"22393403", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84857773014", "issn"=>"19326203", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)\\r1932-6203 (Linking)"}, "id"=>"d3ee2c92-77ee-3276-a95f-64576ef79d18", "abstract"=>"Dramatic population declines among species of pelagic shark as a result of overfishing have been reported, with some species now at a fraction of their historical biomass. Advanced telemetry techniques enable tracking of spatial dynamics and behaviour, providing fundamental information on habitat preferences of threatened species to aid conservation. We tracked movements of the highest pelagic fisheries by-catch species, the blue shark Prionace glauca, in the North-east Atlantic using pop-off satellite-linked archival tags to determine the degree of space use linked to habitat and to examine vertical niche. Overall, blue sharks moved south-west of tagging sites (English Channel; southern Portugal), exhibiting pronounced site fidelity correlated with localized productive frontal areas, with estimated space-use patterns being significantly different from that of random walks. Tracked female sharks displayed behavioural variability in diel depth preferences, both within and between individuals. Diel depth use ranged from normal DVM (nDVM; dawn descent, dusk ascent), to reverse DVM (rDVM; dawn ascent, dusk descent), to behavioural patterns where no diel differences were apparent. Results showed that blue sharks occupy some of the most productive marine zones for extended periods and structure diel activity patterns across multiple spatio-temporal scales in response to particular habitat types. In so doing, sharks occupied an extraordinarily broad vertical depth range for their size (1.0-2.0 m fork length), from the surface into the bathypelagic realm (max. dive depth, 1160 m). The space-use patterns of blue sharks indicated they spend much of the time in areas where pelagic longlining activities are often highest, and in depth zones where these fisheries particularly target other species, which could account for the rapid declines recently reported for blue sharks in many parts of the world's oceans. Our results provide habitat targets for blue shark conservation that may also be relevant to other pelagic species.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/spatial-dynamics-expanded-vertical-niche-blue-sharks-oceanographic-fronts-reveal-habitat-targets-con", "reader_count"=>130, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>6, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Researcher"=>33, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>35, "Student > Postgraduate"=>4, "Student > Master"=>26, "Other"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>16, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>6, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Researcher"=>33, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>35, "Student > Postgraduate"=>4, "Student > Master"=>26, "Other"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>16, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>8, "Engineering"=>3, "Environmental Science"=>21, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>88, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>1, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>1, "Psychology"=>1, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>6}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>3}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>1}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>1}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>6}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>88}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>8}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>21}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Puerto Rico"=>1, "United States"=>2, "Ireland"=>1, "Italy"=>1, "South Africa"=>1, "Mexico"=>1, "United Arab Emirates"=>1, "Australia"=>2, "Chile"=>1, "Portugal"=>1, "Bahamas"=>1, "Spain"=>1}, "group_count"=>8}

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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/673773"], "description"=>"<p>Left: frequency distributions showing amount of time spent at different depths; black bar denotes essentially night (00:00 and 18:00) and white bar day (06:00 and 12:00). Centre: minimum-maximum depth within each integration interval; white circles represent actual observations; colour represents kernel density estimates for minimum-maximum depth. Right: temperature-at-depth profiles (depth scale is similar to central panel); horizontal grey line represents thermocline depth. Note continued permanence at depth in A.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["dvm", "permanence", "behaviour", "sharks", "41", "24"], "article_id"=>344253, "categories"=>["Inorganic Chemistry", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Nuno Queiroz", "Nicolas E. Humphries", "Leslie R. Noble", "António M. Santos", "David W. Sims"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0032374.g003"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Normal_DVM_with_permanence_at_depth_A_and_normal_DVM_B_behaviour_plots_from_sharks_9_pooled_over_41_days_and_5_pooled_over_24_days_respectively_/344253", "title"=>"Normal DVM with permanence at depth (A) and normal DVM (B) behaviour plots, from sharks 9 (pooled over 41 days) and 5 (pooled over 24 days), respectively.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-02-29 01:10:53"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/673851"], "description"=>"<p>Left: frequency distributions showing amount of time spent at different depths; black bar denotes night (00:00 and 18:00) and white bar day (06:00 and 12:00). Centre: minimum-maximum depth within each integration interval; white circles represent actual observations; colour represents kernel density estimates for minimum-maximum depth. Right: temperature-at-depth profiles (depth scale is similar to central panel).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["dvm", "behaviour"], "article_id"=>344340, "categories"=>["Inorganic Chemistry", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Nuno Queiroz", "Nicolas E. Humphries", "Leslie R. Noble", "António M. Santos", "David W. Sims"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0032374.g004"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Reverse_DVM_behaviour_plot_from_shark_5_pooled_over_eight_days_/344340", "title"=>"Reverse DVM behaviour plot, from shark 5 (pooled over eight days).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-02-29 01:12:20"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/673919"], "description"=>"<p>Left: frequency distributions showing amount of time spent at different depths; black bar denotes essentially night (00:00 and 18:00) and white bar essentially day (06:00 and 12:00) phases. Centre: minimum-maximum depth within each integration interval; white circles represent actual observations; colour represents kernel density estimates for minimum-maximum depth. Right: temperature-at-depth profiles (depth scale is similar to central panel); horizontal grey line represents thermocline depth.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["irregular", "diel", "behaviour", "sharks", "20", "10", "38"], "article_id"=>344401, "categories"=>["Inorganic Chemistry", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Nuno Queiroz", "Nicolas E. Humphries", "Leslie R. Noble", "António M. Santos", "David W. Sims"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0032374.g005"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Surface_oriented_A_and_irregular_B_diel_behaviour_plots_from_sharks_6_pooled_over_20_days_and_10_pooled_over_38_days_respectively_/344401", "title"=>"Surface-oriented (A) and irregular (B) diel behaviour plots, from sharks 6 (pooled over 20 days) and 10 (pooled over 38 days), respectively.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-02-29 01:13:21"}
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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/674079"], "description"=>"<p>Summary data of the 16 blue sharks tagged with pop-off satellite-linked archival transmitters. F – female; M – male; * no geolocation data received; DNR – did not report.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["16", "sharks", "tagged", "pop-off", "satellite-linked", "archival", "geolocation", "dnr", "did"], "article_id"=>344553, "categories"=>["Inorganic Chemistry", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Nuno Queiroz", "Nicolas E. Humphries", "Leslie R. Noble", "António M. Santos", "David W. Sims"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0032374.t001"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Summary_data_of_the_16_blue_sharks_tagged_with_pop_off_satellite_linked_archival_transmitters_F_8211_female_M_8211_male_no_geolocation_data_received_DNR_8211_did_not_report_/344553", "title"=>"Summary data of the 16 blue sharks tagged with pop-off satellite-linked archival transmitters. F – female; M – male; * no geolocation data received; DNR – did not report.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2012-02-29 01:15:53"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/674112"], "description"=>"<p>For sharks that shifted between different behaviour types, these are sorted chronologically (top: first; bottom: last).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["behaviour", "tracked"], "article_id"=>344600, "categories"=>["Inorganic Chemistry", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Nuno Queiroz", "Nicolas E. Humphries", "Leslie R. Noble", "António M. Santos", "David W. Sims"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0032374.t002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Summary_data_for_behaviour_and_environment_of_tracked_female_blue_sharks_/344600", "title"=>"Summary data for behaviour and environment of tracked female blue sharks.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2012-02-29 01:16:40"}

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Relative Metric

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