A Novel Mammal-Specific Three Partite Enhancer Element Regulates Node and Notochord-Specific Noto Expression
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{"title"=>"A Novel Mammal-Specific Three Partite Enhancer Element Regulates Node and Notochord-Specific Noto Expression", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Leonie", "last_name"=>"Alten", "scopus_author_id"=>"22950014700"}, {"first_name"=>"Karin", "last_name"=>"Schuster-Gossler", "scopus_author_id"=>"6602634759"}, {"first_name"=>"Michael P.", "last_name"=>"Eichenlaub", "scopus_author_id"=>"13612769900"}, {"first_name"=>"Beate", "last_name"=>"Wittbrodt", "scopus_author_id"=>"6506842951"}, {"first_name"=>"Joachim", "last_name"=>"Wittbrodt", "scopus_author_id"=>"7006358613"}, {"first_name"=>"Achim", "last_name"=>"Gossler", "scopus_author_id"=>"7006079998"}], "year"=>2012, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"365891985", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0047785", "sgr"=>"84867700321", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84867700321", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)\\r1932-6203 (Linking)", "pmid"=>"23110100"}, "id"=>"980378da-4dbe-341a-9eec-4983c4f1a797", "abstract"=>"The vertebrate organizer and notochord have conserved, essential functions for embryonic development and patterning. The restricted expression of developmental regulators in these tissues is directed by specific cis-regulatory modules (CRMs) whose sequence conservation varies considerably. Some CRMs have been conserved throughout vertebrates and likely represent ancestral regulatory networks, while others have diverged beyond recognition but still function over a wide evolutionary range. Here we identify and characterize a mammalian-specific CRM required for node and notochord specific (NNC) expression of NOTO, a transcription factor essential for node morphogenesis, nodal cilia movement and establishment of laterality in mouse. A 523 bp enhancer region (NOCE) upstream the Noto promoter was necessary and sufficient for NNC expression from the endogenous Noto locus. Three subregions in NOCE together mediated full activity in vivo. Binding sites for known transcription factors in NOCE were functional in vitro but dispensable for NOCE activity in vivo. A FOXA2 site in combination with a novel motif was necessary for NOCE activity in vivo. Strikingly, syntenic regions in non-mammalian vertebrates showed no recognizable sequence similarities. In contrast to its activity in mouse NOCE did not drive NNC expression in transgenic fish. NOCE represents a novel, mammal-specific CRM required for the highly restricted Noto expression in the node and nascent notochord and thus regulates normal node development and function.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/novel-mammalspecific-three-partite-enhancer-element-regulates-node-notochordspecific-noto-expression", "reader_count"=>23, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Researcher"=>5, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>5, "Other"=>1, "Student > Master"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>1, "Lecturer"=>2, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Researcher"=>5, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>5, "Other"=>1, "Student > Master"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>1, "Lecturer"=>2, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Engineering"=>1, "Unspecified"=>1, "Environmental Science"=>1, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>5, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>12, "Design"=>1, "Neuroscience"=>1, "Computer Science"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Design"=>{"Design"=>1}, "Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>1}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>12}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>5}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>1}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Germany"=>3}, "group_count"=>1}

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/554724"], "description"=>"<p>Schematic view of wild type and E14tg2a <i>Hprt</i> locus, targeting construct and targeted locus. The targeting construct introduces the reporter construct and the promoter and first exon of human <i>HPRT</i> to restore <i>Hprt</i> function. Wild type and targeted allele are HAT resistant (HAT<sup>R</sup>) whereas the E14tg2a deletion results in HAT sensitivity (HAT<sup>S</sup>).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["targeting"], "article_id"=>225216, "categories"=>["Molecular Biology", "Biological Sciences", "Genetics", "Developmental Biology"], "users"=>["Leonie Alten", "Karin Schuster-Gossler", "Michael P. Eichenlaub", "Beate Wittbrodt", "Joachim Wittbrodt", "Achim Gossler"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0047785.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>22, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_HPRT_targeting_strategy_/225216", "title"=>"HPRT targeting strategy.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-10-22 01:26:56"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/554807"], "description"=>"<p>(A) Schematic view of <i>Noto</i> upstream regions of various tested transgenes. (B) Corresponding chimeric embryos stained for β-galactosidase activity at E7.5 or E9.5. Transgenes are indicated on the left site.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["genetics and genomics", "molecular biology", "Computational biology", "developmental biology"], "article_id"=>225296, "categories"=>["Molecular Biology", "Biological Sciences", "Genetics", "Developmental Biology"], "users"=>["Leonie Alten", "Karin Schuster-Gossler", "Michael P. Eichenlaub", "Beate Wittbrodt", "Joachim Wittbrodt", "Achim Gossler"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0047785.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_NOCE_is_necessary_and_sufficient_for_reporter_gene_activity_in_the_NNC_/225296", "title"=>"NOCE is necessary and sufficient for reporter gene activity in the NNC.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-10-22 01:28:16"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/555146"], "description"=>"<p>(A) Schematic view of transgenes containing parts of NOCE. (B) 1 hr β-galactosidase staining of different promoter-reporter transgenes in chimeric embryos. (C) Over night β-galactosidase staining of chimeric embryos carrying the transgenes depicted under (A). The stage is indicated at the top and the transgene at the left site. Arrow heads point at stained notochords.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["partite", "enhancer"], "article_id"=>225634, "categories"=>["Molecular Biology", "Biological Sciences", "Genetics", "Developmental Biology"], "users"=>["Leonie Alten", "Karin Schuster-Gossler", "Michael P. Eichenlaub", "Beate Wittbrodt", "Joachim Wittbrodt", "Achim Gossler"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0047785.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_NOCE_is_a_three_partite_enhancer_element_/225634", "title"=>"NOCE is a three partite enhancer element.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-10-22 01:33:54"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/554892"], "description"=>"<p>(A) Schematic view of the targeting strategy to delete NOCE in ES cells carrying alleles with green or red fluorescent proteins (GFP and RFP) in the <i>Noto</i> locus, respectively. (B) fluorescence of GFP and RFP in chimeric embryos with the parental heteroallelic cell line (B a, d), and cells in which NOCE was deleted from either the GFP (B b, e) or RFP allele (B c, f). (C) Fluorescence intensities of GFP and RFP and ratio of GFP/RFP of control chimeras, and of targeted/non-targeted (reference) alleles for chimeric embryos with one deleted NOCE allele (see also material and methods and <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0047785#pone.0047785.s001\" target=\"_blank\">Figure S1</a> and <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0047785#pone.0047785.s010\" target=\"_blank\">Table S3</a>).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["regulates", "endogenous", "allele-specific"], "article_id"=>225384, "categories"=>["Molecular Biology", "Biological Sciences", "Genetics", "Developmental Biology"], "users"=>["Leonie Alten", "Karin Schuster-Gossler", "Michael P. Eichenlaub", "Beate Wittbrodt", "Joachim Wittbrodt", "Achim Gossler"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0047785.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_NOCE_regulates_endogenous_allele_specific_Noto_expression_/225384", "title"=>"NOCE regulates endogenous allele-specific <i>Noto</i> expression.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-10-22 01:29:44"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/555313"], "description"=>"<p>(A) Schematic view of location and sequences of transcription factor binding sites in NOCE and the alignment of OBS to CE <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0047785#pone.0047785-Sawada1\" target=\"_blank\">[27]</a>. Red characters indicate exchanged nucleotides in mutated sites. (B) β-galactosidase stained chimeric embryos carrying a promoter-reporter transgene of NOCE with mutated OBS and/or FOXA2 binding sites. Transgenes are indicated at the left site and the stage at the top.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["orphan", "binding", "foxa2", "noce"], "article_id"=>225803, "categories"=>["Molecular Biology", "Biological Sciences", "Genetics", "Developmental Biology"], "users"=>["Leonie Alten", "Karin Schuster-Gossler", "Michael P. Eichenlaub", "Beate Wittbrodt", "Joachim Wittbrodt", "Achim Gossler"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0047785.g006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_An_orphan_binding_site_together_with_a_FOXA2_binding_site_are_essential_for_NOCE_function_/225803", "title"=>"An orphan binding site together with a FOXA2 binding site are essential for NOCE function.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-10-22 01:36:43"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/555014"], "description"=>"<p>(A) Schematic view of location and sequences of transcription factor binding sites in NOCE. Red characters indicate exchanged nucleotides of mutated sites. (B) Transactivation of wild type and mutated NOCE constructs. Arabical numbers indicate different mutated binding sites: (1) FOXA2, (2) TCF/LEF, (3) TEAD. Cotransfected constructs of transcription factors are indicated below. (C) β-galactosidase staining of chimeric embryos carrying promoter-reporter transgenes with mutated FOXA2, TEAD and TCF/LEF binding sites (NOCE 3x mut) and an additional mutation in the HOX binding site (in NOCE 4x mut) in NOCE.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["responds", "tead", "binding", "sites", "dispensable"], "article_id"=>225501, "categories"=>["Molecular Biology", "Biological Sciences", "Genetics", "Developmental Biology"], "users"=>["Leonie Alten", "Karin Schuster-Gossler", "Michael P. Eichenlaub", "Beate Wittbrodt", "Joachim Wittbrodt", "Achim Gossler"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0047785.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>13, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_NOCE_responds_to_FOXA2_TEAD_and_TCF_LEF_in_vitro_but_binding_sites_are_dispensable_in_vivo_/225501", "title"=>"NOCE responds to FOXA2, TEAD and TCF/LEF in vitro, but binding sites are dispensable in vivo.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2012-10-22 01:31:41"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/297273", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/297330", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/297393", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/297440", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/297495", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/297551", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/297611", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/297670", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/297739", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/297812"], "description"=>"<div><p>The vertebrate organizer and notochord have conserved, essential functions for embryonic development and patterning. The restricted expression of developmental regulators in these tissues is directed by specific cis-regulatory modules (CRMs) whose sequence conservation varies considerably. Some CRMs have been conserved throughout vertebrates and likely represent ancestral regulatory networks, while others have diverged beyond recognition but still function over a wide evolutionary range. Here we identify and characterize a mammalian-specific CRM required for node and notochord specific (NNC) expression of NOTO, a transcription factor essential for node morphogenesis, nodal cilia movement and establishment of laterality in mouse. A 523 bp enhancer region (NOCE) upstream the <em>Noto</em> promoter was necessary and sufficient for NNC expression from the endogenous <em>Noto</em> locus. Three subregions in NOCE together mediated full activity in vivo. Binding sites for known transcription factors in NOCE were functional in vitro but dispensable for NOCE activity in vivo. A FOXA2 site in combination with a novel motif was necessary for NOCE activity in vivo. Strikingly, syntenic regions in non-mammalian vertebrates showed no recognizable sequence similarities. In contrast to its activity in mouse NOCE did not drive NNC expression in transgenic fish. NOCE represents a novel, mammal-specific CRM required for the highly restricted <em>Noto</em> expression in the node and nascent notochord and thus regulates normal node development and function.</p> </div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["mammal-specific", "partite", "enhancer", "regulates", "node", "notochord-specific"], "article_id"=>118590, "categories"=>["Molecular Biology", "Biological Sciences", "Genetics", "Developmental Biology"], "users"=>["Leonie Alten", "Karin Schuster-Gossler", "Michael P. Eichenlaub", "Beate Wittbrodt", "Joachim Wittbrodt", "Achim Gossler"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0047785.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0047785.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0047785.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0047785.s004", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0047785.s005", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0047785.s006", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0047785.s007", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0047785.s008", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0047785.s009", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0047785.s010"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>55, "page_views"=>70, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/A_Novel_Mammal_Specific_Three_Partite_Enhancer_Element_Regulates_Node_and_Notochord_Specific_Noto_Expression/118590", "title"=>"A Novel Mammal-Specific Three Partite Enhancer Element Regulates Node and Notochord-Specific <em>Noto</em> Expression", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2012-10-22 02:23:10"}

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Relative Metric

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