Early Mixed Farming of Millet and Rice 7800 Years Ago in the Middle Yellow River Region, China
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{"title"=>"Early Mixed Farming of Millet and Rice 7800 Years Ago in the Middle Yellow River Region, China", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Jianping", "last_name"=>"Zhang", "scopus_author_id"=>"55919952500"}, {"first_name"=>"Houyuan", "last_name"=>"Lu", "scopus_author_id"=>"7404843246"}, {"first_name"=>"Wanfa", "last_name"=>"Gu", "scopus_author_id"=>"55532245300"}, {"first_name"=>"Naiqin", "last_name"=>"Wu", "scopus_author_id"=>"7201444213"}, {"first_name"=>"Kunshu", "last_name"=>"Zhou", "scopus_author_id"=>"7202915134"}, {"first_name"=>"Yayi", "last_name"=>"Hu", "scopus_author_id"=>"57199456957"}, {"first_name"=>"Yingjun", "last_name"=>"Xin", "scopus_author_id"=>"55533049800"}, {"first_name"=>"Can", "last_name"=>"Wang", "scopus_author_id"=>"55533013000"}], "year"=>2012, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84871328822", "pmid"=>"23284907", "sgr"=>"84871328822", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0052146", "issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"366298606"}, "id"=>"945e9188-4812-3eee-adc6-eeed77e92c57", "abstract"=>"The Peiligang Culture (9000-7000 cal. yr BP) in the Middle Yellow River region, North China, has long been considered representative of millet farming. It is still unclear, however, if broomcorn millet or foxtail millet was the first species domesticated during the Peiligang Culture. Furthermore, it is also unknown whether millet was cultivated singly or together with rice at the same period. In this study, phytolith analysis of samples from the Tanghu archaeological site reveals early crop information in the Middle Yellow River region, China. Our results show that broomcorn millet was the early dry farming species in the Peiligang Culture at 7800 cal. yr BP, while rice cultivation took place from 7800 to 4500 cal. yr BP. Our data provide new evidence of broomcorn millet and rice mixed farming at 7800 cal. yr BP in the Middle Yellow River region, which has implications for understanding the domestication process of the two crops, and the formation and continuance of the Ancient Yellow River Civilization.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/early-mixed-farming-millet-rice-7800-years-ago-middle-yellow-river-region-china", "reader_count"=>20, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Researcher"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>5, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>2, "Professor"=>4, "Other"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Researcher"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>5, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>2, "Professor"=>4, "Other"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>3, "Arts and Humanities"=>4, "Design"=>1, "Social Sciences"=>7, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>2, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Design"=>{"Design"=>1}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>7}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>2}, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>3}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>2}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>4}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"China"=>1, "Japan"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>1, "Spain"=>2}, "group_count"=>1}

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/524761"], "description"=>"<p>The data from the Majiabang, Songze, and Liangzhu Cultures obtained from Zheng <i>et al. </i><a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0052146#pone.0052146-Zheng1\" target=\"_blank\">[34]</a>. The standard deviations of the references are not provided in the original paper. Phytolith portrait is after Fujiwara <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0052146#pone.0052146-Fujiwara1\" target=\"_blank\">[37]</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["morphological", "characteristics", "bulliform", "archaeological"], "article_id"=>195245, "categories"=>["Plant Biology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Jianping Zhang", "Houyuan Lu", "Wanfa Gu", "Naiqin Wu", "Kunshu Zhou", "Yayi Hu", "Yingjun Xin", "Can Wang"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0052146.g007", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>16, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Comparison_of_morphological_characteristics_of_rice_bulliform_in_difference_archaeological_sites_/195245", "title"=>"Comparison of morphological characteristics of rice bulliform in difference archaeological sites.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 18:39:00"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/523730"], "description"=>"<p>The map cited from <a href=\"http://maps.ngdc.noaa.gov/viewers/bathymetry/\" target=\"_blank\">http://maps.ngdc.noaa.gov/viewers/bathymetry/</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["sites", "cultures", "mentioned"], "article_id"=>194203, "categories"=>["Plant Biology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Jianping Zhang", "Houyuan Lu", "Wanfa Gu", "Naiqin Wu", "Kunshu Zhou", "Yayi Hu", "Yingjun Xin", "Can Wang"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0052146.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Archaeological_sites_and_related_cultures_mentioned_in_the_article_/194203", "title"=>"Archaeological sites and related cultures mentioned in the article.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 18:33:34"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/523981"], "description"=>"<p>The plan positions of archaeological units is after Xin <i>et al.</i> (2010).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["locations", "tanghu"], "article_id"=>194470, "categories"=>["Plant Biology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Jianping Zhang", "Houyuan Lu", "Wanfa Gu", "Naiqin Wu", "Kunshu Zhou", "Yayi Hu", "Yingjun Xin", "Can Wang"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0052146.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Sampling_locations_from_the_Tanghu_site_/194470", "title"=>"Sampling locations from the Tanghu site.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 18:34:57"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/524345"], "description"=>"<p>A–c = rice bulliform; d–g = rice double peaked; h, i = phytoliths from broomcorn millet husk; j = long saddle; k = scutiform-bulliform from reed; l = common bulliform; m = <i>Cyperus</i> type; n = trapeziform sinuate (tooth type); o = woody phytolith.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["phytolith", "types", "tanghu"], "article_id"=>194833, "categories"=>["Plant Biology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Jianping Zhang", "Houyuan Lu", "Wanfa Gu", "Naiqin Wu", "Kunshu Zhou", "Yayi Hu", "Yingjun Xin", "Can Wang"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0052146.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Main_phytolith_types_from_the_Tanghu_site_/194833", "title"=>"Main phytolith types from the Tanghu site.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 18:36:52"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/524517"], "description"=>"<p>Possible rice bulliforms with dissolved surface from the Tanghu site.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["bulliforms", "dissolved", "tanghu"], "article_id"=>195005, "categories"=>["Plant Biology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Jianping Zhang", "Houyuan Lu", "Wanfa Gu", "Naiqin Wu", "Kunshu Zhou", "Yayi Hu", "Yingjun Xin", "Can Wang"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0052146.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Possible_rice_bulliforms_with_dissolved_surface_from_the_Tanghu_site_/195005", "title"=>"Possible rice bulliforms with dissolved surface from the Tanghu site.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 18:37:44"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/524126"], "description"=>"<p>07-TH-01, 06, 08, 10, 14 collected from the profile; 07-TH-H92, H110 collected from pits H92 and H110; 07-TH-F34, F39 collected from houses F34 and F39. <sup>14</sup>C ages made by Guangzhou Institute of Geochemistry, CAS, and the State Key Laboratory of Nuclear Physics and Technology of Peking University. CalPal was used to calibrate the data <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0052146#pone.0052146-Pearson1\" target=\"_blank\">[59]</a>, <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0052146#pone.0052146-Stuiver1\" target=\"_blank\">[60]</a>. Dated materials are paleosoil rich in charcoal.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ages", "tanghu"], "article_id"=>194619, "categories"=>["Plant Biology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Jianping Zhang", "Houyuan Lu", "Wanfa Gu", "Naiqin Wu", "Kunshu Zhou", "Yayi Hu", "Yingjun Xin", "Can Wang"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0052146.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_AMS_14_C_ages_from_the_Tanghu_site_/194619", "title"=>"AMS <sup>14</sup>C ages from the Tanghu site.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 18:35:44"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/524657"], "description"=>"<p>Ratio of phytolith from rice and broomcorn millet in H92 from the Tanghu site.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["phytolith", "broomcorn", "millet", "h92", "tanghu"], "article_id"=>195141, "categories"=>["Plant Biology", "Evolutionary Biology"], "users"=>["Jianping Zhang", "Houyuan Lu", "Wanfa Gu", "Naiqin Wu", "Kunshu Zhou", "Yayi Hu", "Yingjun Xin", "Can Wang"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0052146.g006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Ratio_of_phytolith_from_rice_and_broomcorn_millet_in_H92_from_the_Tanghu_site_/195141", "title"=>"Ratio of phytolith from rice and broomcorn millet in H92 from the Tanghu site.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 18:38:29"}

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  • {"unique-ip"=>"26", "full-text"=>"31", "pdf"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"25", "full-text"=>"25", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"30", "full-text"=>"27", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"43", "full-text"=>"45", "pdf"=>"6", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"30", "full-text"=>"40", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"5"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2012-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2012-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/People and places/Geographical locations", "average_usage"=>[318, 550, 661, 755, 847, 941, 1034, 1126, 1222, 1320, 1395, 1476, 1573, 1629, 1693, 1751, 1832, 1910, 1975, 2037, 2106, 2172, 2235, 2309, 2388]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Social sciences", "average_usage"=>[354, 585, 710, 810, 904, 998, 1090, 1181, 1268, 1361, 1435, 1525, 1594, 1657, 1731, 1813, 1878, 1948, 2016, 2094, 2158, 2219, 2294, 2347, 2410]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Social sciences/Archaeology", "average_usage"=>[700, 1239, 1449, 1750, 2002, 2183, 2345, 2463, 2599, 2739, 2895, 3057, 3179, 3276, 3375, 3470, 3572, 3649, 3730, 3832, 3934, 4058, 4190, 4292, 4379, 4525]}]}
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