Consumption with Large Sip Sizes Increases Food Intake and Leads to Underestimation of the Amount Consumed
Publication Date
January 23, 2013
Journal
PLOS ONE
Authors
Dieuwerke P. Bolhuis, Catriona M. M. Lakemond, Rene A. De Wijk, Pieternel A. Luning, et al
Volume
8
Issue
1
Pages
e53288
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0053288
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0053288
PubMed
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23372657
PubMed Central
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3553138
Europe PMC
http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/23372657
Web of Science
000314021500013
Scopus
84872767990
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/consumption-large-sip-sizes-increases-food-intake-leads-underestimation-amount-consumed
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Consumption with Large Sip Sizes Increases Food Intake and Leads to Underestimation of the Amount Consumed", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Dieuwerke P.", "last_name"=>"Bolhuis", "scopus_author_id"=>"36639329700"}, {"first_name"=>"Catriona M M", "last_name"=>"Lakemond", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603317067"}, {"first_name"=>"Rene A.", "last_name"=>"de Wijk", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603920769"}, {"first_name"=>"Pieternel A.", "last_name"=>"Luning", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603175987"}, {"first_name"=>"Cees", "last_name"=>"de Graaf", "scopus_author_id"=>"7006392466"}], "year"=>2013, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pui"=>"368176432", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)\\r1932-6203 (Linking)", "sgr"=>"84872767990", "issn"=>"19326203", "pmid"=>"23372657", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84872767990", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0053288"}, "id"=>"bb0097de-47d5-3991-8b53-e80df17e5cf5", "abstract"=>"BACKGROUND: A number of studies have shown that bite and sip sizes influence the amount of food intake. Consuming with small sips instead of large sips means relatively more sips for the same amount of food to be consumed; people may believe that intake is higher which leads to faster satiation. This effect may be disturbed when people are distracted.\\n\\nOBJECTIVE: The objective of the study is to assess the effects of sip size in a focused state and a distracted state on ad libitum intake and on the estimated amount consumed.\\n\\nDESIGN: In this 3×2 cross-over design, 53 healthy subjects consumed ad libitum soup with small sips (5 g, 60 g/min), large sips (15 g, 60 g/min), and free sips (where sip size was determined by subjects themselves), in both a distracted and focused state. Sips were administered via a pump. There were no visual cues toward consumption. Subjects then estimated how much they had consumed by filling soup in soup bowls.\\n\\nRESULTS: Intake in the small-sip condition was ∼30% lower than in both the large-sip and free-sip conditions (P<0.001). In addition, subjects underestimated how much they had consumed in the large-sip and free-sip conditions (P<0.03). Distraction led to a general increase in food intake (P = 0.003), independent of sip size. Distraction did not influence sip size or estimations.\\n\\nCONCLUSIONS: Consumption with large sips led to higher food intake, as expected. Large sips, that were either fixed or chosen by subjects themselves led to underestimations of the amount consumed. This may be a risk factor for over-consumption. Reducing sip or bite sizes may successfully lower food intake, even in a distracted state.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/consumption-large-sip-sizes-increases-food-intake-leads-underestimation-amount-consumed", "reader_count"=>44, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>4, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Researcher"=>11, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>8, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>5, "Other"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>7, "Lecturer"=>2, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>4, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Researcher"=>11, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>8, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>5, "Other"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>7, "Lecturer"=>2, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>10, "Chemistry"=>1, "Computer Science"=>1, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1, "Engineering"=>1, "Environmental Science"=>2, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>2, "Materials Science"=>1, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>6, "Neuroscience"=>4, "Psychology"=>10, "Social Sciences"=>1, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Materials Science"=>{"Materials Science"=>1}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>6}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>1}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>10}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>3}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>2}, "Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>1}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>1}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>4}, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>10}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>2}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Netherlands"=>2, "Japan"=>1, "Australia"=>1, "Indonesia"=>1}, "group_count"=>2}

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/502599"], "description"=>"1<p>Values are means ± SDs, n = 54.</p>2<p>Scores were rated on a 100 mm VAS after 45 g of soup in the practice session (first session).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["characteristics", "consumed", "small-sip", "large-sip"], "article_id"=>173115, "categories"=>["Mental Health", "Biotechnology"], "users"=>["Dieuwerke P. Bolhuis", "Catriona M. M. Lakemond", "Rene A. de Wijk", "Pieternel A. Luning", "Cees de Graaf"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0053288.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>18, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Sensory_characteristics_of_the_soup_consumed_in_the_small_sip_and_large_sip_conditions_1_2_/173115", "title"=>"Sensory characteristics of the soup consumed in the small-sip and large-sip conditions.<sup>1</sup><sup>2</sup>", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 16:37:31"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/502539"], "description"=>"1<p>Values are means ± SDs, n = 53.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["sip", "free-sip"], "article_id"=>173060, "categories"=>["Mental Health", "Biotechnology"], "users"=>["Dieuwerke P. Bolhuis", "Catriona M. M. Lakemond", "Rene A. de Wijk", "Pieternel A. Luning", "Cees de Graaf"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0053288.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>1, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Duration_sip_size_number_of_sips_and_sip_frequency_in_the_free_sip_condition_1_/173060", "title"=>"Duration, sip size, number of sips, and sip frequency in the free-sip condition.<sup>1</sup>", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 16:37:11"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/502464"], "description"=>"<p>*After ad libitum intake (t = 0.5 h), hunger and fullness were affected by sip size (P<0.004), but not by distraction (P>0.31). * The ratings for hunger (A) were higher after the small-sip condition compared to the large-sip condition (P<0.003). The ratings for fullness (B) were lower after the small-sip condition compared to both the large-sip and the free-sip conditions (P<0.009).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["fullness", "ratings"], "article_id"=>172982, "categories"=>["Mental Health", "Biotechnology"], "users"=>["Dieuwerke P. Bolhuis", "Catriona M. M. Lakemond", "Rene A. de Wijk", "Pieternel A. Luning", "Cees de Graaf"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0053288.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Hunger_A_and_fullness_B_ratings_over_time_9_point_scale_means_/172982", "title"=>"Hunger (A) and fullness (B) ratings over time (9-point scale) (means).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 16:36:45"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/502321"], "description"=>"<p>Ad libitum intake was higher in the large-sip and free-sip conditions compared to the small-sip condition (P<0.001), and was higher in the distracted state than in the focused state (P = 0.003). Values on bars with different superscript letters are significantly different (P<0.05).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["libitum", "intake", "large-sip", "free-sip", "conditions"], "article_id"=>172839, "categories"=>["Mental Health", "Biotechnology"], "users"=>["Dieuwerke P. Bolhuis", "Catriona M. M. Lakemond", "Rene A. de Wijk", "Pieternel A. Luning", "Cees de Graaf"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0053288.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Ad_libitum_intake_in_small_sip_large_sip_and_free_sip_conditions_means_SD_/172839", "title"=>"Ad libitum intake in small-sip, large-sip and free-sip conditions (means+SD).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 16:35:53"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/502245"], "description"=>"<p> = administration of soup,  = instruction to swallow,  = pauses between sips,  = regulation of sips and pauses by subjects themselves. All three conditions were presented in a focused and distracted state, resulting in six conditions. In the small-sip condition, sips of 5 g were exposed in 2 s (from the start of soup administration until swallowing) in pulses of 5 s. In the large-sip condition, sips of 15 g were exposed in 6 s in pulses of 15 s. In the free-sip condition, subjects were free to start and stop the pump, thereby determining sip sizes and frequency by themselves. In the small-sip and large-sip conditions, subjects heard an auditory signal when they received the soup and a double auditory signal when they had to swallow.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["intervals", "sip"], "article_id"=>172761, "categories"=>["Mental Health", "Biotechnology"], "users"=>["Dieuwerke P. Bolhuis", "Catriona M. M. Lakemond", "Rene A. de Wijk", "Pieternel A. Luning", "Cees de Graaf"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0053288.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Sips_and_intervals_in_the_three_sip_size_conditions_/172761", "title"=>"Sips and intervals in the three sip size conditions.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 16:35:25"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/502570"], "description"=>"1<p>Values are means ± SDs. Values in rows with different superscript letters are significantly different (P<0.05).</p>2<p>The propositions were answered on a 5-point scale from “totally disagree” (1) to “completely agree” (5).</p>3<p>Significant main effects of sip size P<0.012.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["reasons", "terminate"], "article_id"=>173095, "categories"=>["Mental Health", "Biotechnology"], "users"=>["Dieuwerke P. Bolhuis", "Catriona M. M. Lakemond", "Rene A. de Wijk", "Pieternel A. Luning", "Cees de Graaf"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0053288.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_reasons_to_terminate_soup_consumption_1_2_/173095", "title"=>"The reasons to terminate soup consumption.<sup>1</sup><sup>2</sup>", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 16:37:21"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/502407"], "description"=>"<p>The difference (estimated intake minus intake) was affected by sip size (P<0.001), but not by distraction (P = 0.72), and there was no interaction (P = 0.34). * = significant difference between estimated intake and intake (P<0.05., + = trend between estimated intake and intake (P<0.10). Values on bars with different superscript letters are significantly different (P<0.05).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["consumed", "libitum", "intakes"], "article_id"=>172924, "categories"=>["Mental Health", "Biotechnology"], "users"=>["Dieuwerke P. Bolhuis", "Catriona M. M. Lakemond", "Rene A. de Wijk", "Pieternel A. Luning", "Cees de Graaf"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0053288.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>1, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Differences_between_the_estimated_amount_consumed_and_the_ad_libitum_intakes_means_SD_/172924", "title"=>"Differences between the estimated amount consumed and the ad libitum intakes (means+SD).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-02-19 16:36:24"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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Relative Metric

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