Opa1 Is Required for Proper Mitochondrial Metabolism in Early Development
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{"title"=>"Opa1 Is Required for Proper Mitochondrial Metabolism in Early Development", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Jennifer J.", "last_name"=>"Rahn"}, {"first_name"=>"Krista D.", "last_name"=>"Stackley"}, {"first_name"=>"Sherine S. L.", "last_name"=>"Chan"}], "year"=>2013, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pmid"=>"23516612", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0059218", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)\\r1932-6203 (Linking)", "issn"=>"1932-6203"}, "id"=>"69d21c08-d579-3ae8-9fa1-63030671ea32", "abstract"=>"Opa1 catalyzes fusion of inner mitochondrial membranes and formation of the cristae. OPA1 mutations in humans lead to autosomal dominant optic atrophy. OPA1 knockout mice lose viability around embryonic day 9 from unknown reasons, indicating that OPA1 is essential for embryonic development. Zebrafish are an attractive model for studying vertebrate development and have been used for many years to describe developmental events that are difficult or impractical to view in mammalian models. In this study, Opa1 was successfully depleted in zebrafish embryos using antisense morpholinos, which resulted in disrupted mitochondrial morphology. Phenotypically, these embryos exhibited abnormal blood circulation and heart defects, as well as small eyes and small pectoral fin buds. Additionally, startle response was reduced and locomotor activity was impaired. Furthermore, Opa1 depletion caused bioenergetic defects, without impairing mitochondrial efficiency. In response to mitochondrial dysfunction, a transient upregulation of the master regulator of mitochondrial biogenesis, pgc1a, was observed. These results not only reveal a new Opa1-associated phenotype in a vertebrate model system, but also further elucidates the absolute requirement of Opa1 for successful vertebrate development.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/opa1-required-proper-mitochondrial-metabolism-early-development", "reader_count"=>53, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>6, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Researcher"=>7, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>19, "Student > Postgraduate"=>3, "Student > Master"=>10, "Student > Bachelor"=>4, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>6, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Researcher"=>7, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>19, "Student > Postgraduate"=>3, "Student > Master"=>10, "Student > Bachelor"=>4, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Engineering"=>1, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>13, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>29, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>8, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>1}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>8}, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>{"Immunology and Microbiology"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>29}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>13}, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>{"Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"United States"=>1, "Japan"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>2, "France"=>1}, "group_count"=>2}

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/987055"], "description"=>"<p>Significant increases in gene expression of mitochondrial fusion proteins (<b>A</b>) <i>opa1</i> (a, p = 0.003), (<b>B</b>) <i>mfn1</i> (b, p = 0.001) and (<b>C</b>) <i>mfn2</i> (c, p = 0.01) were observed in Opa1 morphants compared to MMC morphants. No differences were observed for (<b>D</b>) <i>drp1</i>, a mitochondrial fission protein. Error bars are shown +/− SEM, n = 5. P-values obtained by ANOVA.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["mitochondrial", "morphology", "genes", "mmc", "morphants", "opa1", "normalized", "morphant"], "article_id"=>651936, "categories"=>["Biochemistry", "Genetics", "Developmental Biology", "Medicine"], "users"=>["Jennifer J. Rahn", "Krista D. Stackley", "Sherine S. L. Chan"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0059218.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>15, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Gene_expression_changes_of_mitochondrial_morphology_genes_in_MMC_morphants_black_and_Opa1_morphants_grey_normalized_to_MMC_morphant_levels_/651936", "title"=>"Gene expression changes of mitochondrial morphology genes in MMC morphants (black) and Opa1 morphants (grey) normalized to MMC morphant levels.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-03-15 08:47:01"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/987050"], "description"=>"<p><b>A.</b> Eye area was measured by tracing the circumference of individual eyes using AxioVision software. N = 9–12. *p-value <0.05, **p-value <0.01 by Student's 2-tailed t-test. <b>B.</b> Heart rates were measured by counting beats per min for individuals injected with MMC or TB morpholino. N = 34 (48 hpf), n = 44 (72 hpf). *p-value <0.01 by Student's 2-tailed t-test.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["mmc", "opa1", "morphants"], "article_id"=>651931, "categories"=>["Biochemistry", "Genetics", "Developmental Biology", "Medicine"], "users"=>["Jennifer J. Rahn", "Krista D. Stackley", "Sherine S. L. Chan"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0059218.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Eye_area_and_heart_rate_analyses_for_MMC_black_and_Opa1_morphants_grey_/651931", "title"=>"Eye area and heart rate analyses for MMC (black) and Opa1 morphants (grey).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-03-15 08:46:02"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1007182"], "description"=>"<p>Primers for RT-PCR.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["genetics and genomics", "ophthalmology", "developmental biology", "Biochemistry"], "article_id"=>667802, "categories"=>["Biochemistry", "Genetics", "Developmental Biology", "Medicine"], "users"=>["Jennifer J. Rahn", "Krista D. Stackley", "Sherine S. L. Chan"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0059218.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Primers_for_RT_PCR_/667802", "title"=>"Primers for RT-PCR.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-03-14 02:10:02"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/987062", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/987063", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/987064", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/987065", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/987066", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/987067"], "description"=>"<div><p>Opa1 catalyzes fusion of inner mitochondrial membranes and formation of the cristae. <i>OPA1</i> mutations in humans lead to autosomal dominant optic atrophy. OPA1 knockout mice lose viability around embryonic day 9 from unknown reasons, indicating that OPA1 is essential for embryonic development. Zebrafish are an attractive model for studying vertebrate development and have been used for many years to describe developmental events that are difficult or impractical to view in mammalian models. In this study, Opa1 was successfully depleted in zebrafish embryos using antisense morpholinos, which resulted in disrupted mitochondrial morphology. Phenotypically, these embryos exhibited abnormal blood circulation and heart defects, as well as small eyes and small pectoral fin buds. Additionally, startle response was reduced and locomotor activity was impaired. Furthermore, Opa1 depletion caused bioenergetic defects, without impairing mitochondrial efficiency. In response to mitochondrial dysfunction, a transient upregulation of the master regulator of mitochondrial biogenesis, <i>pgc1a</i>, was observed. These results not only reveal a new Opa1-associated phenotype in a vertebrate model system, but also further elucidates the absolute requirement of Opa1 for successful vertebrate development.</p> </div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["opa1", "mitochondrial", "metabolism", "development"], "article_id"=>651943, "categories"=>["Biochemistry", "Genetics", "Developmental Biology", "Medicine"], "users"=>["Jennifer J. Rahn", "Krista D. Stackley", "Sherine S. L. Chan"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0059218.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0059218.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0059218.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0059218.s004", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0059218.s005", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0059218.s006"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Opa1_Is_Required_for_Proper_Mitochondrial_Metabolism_in_Early_Development__/651943", "title"=>"Opa1 Is Required for Proper Mitochondrial Metabolism in Early Development", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2013-03-15 08:48:54"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1007138"], "description"=>"<p>Antisense morpholino sequences.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["morpholino"], "article_id"=>667764, "categories"=>["Biochemistry", "Genetics", "Developmental Biology", "Medicine"], "users"=>["Jennifer J. Rahn", "Krista D. Stackley", "Sherine S. L. Chan"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0059218.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Antisense_morpholino_sequences_/667764", "title"=>"Antisense morpholino sequences.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-03-14 02:09:24"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/987057"], "description"=>"<p>Significant increases in gene expression <i>pgc1a</i> (a, p = 0.02) and <i>peo1</i> (b, p = 0.002) were observed in <i>opa1</i> morphants compared to MMC morphants. Error bars are shown +/- SEM, n = 5. P-values obtained by ANOVA.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["mmc", "morphants", "opa1", "normalized", "morphant"], "article_id"=>651938, "categories"=>["Biochemistry", "Genetics", "Developmental Biology", "Medicine"], "users"=>["Jennifer J. Rahn", "Krista D. Stackley", "Sherine S. L. Chan"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0059218.g006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Gene_expression_changes_in_MMC_morphants_black_and_Opa1_morphants_grey_normalized_to_MMC_morphant_levels_/651938", "title"=>"Gene expression changes in MMC morphants (black) and Opa1 morphants (grey) normalized to MMC morphant levels.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-03-15 08:47:19"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/987052"], "description"=>"<p>Cells from MMC morphants at 24 hpf (<b>A</b>), 48 hpf (<b>C</b>), 72 hpf (<b>E</b>) are compared to similar regions in Opa1 morphants at 24 hpf (<b>B</b>), 48 hpf (<b>D</b>), 72 hpf (<b>F</b>). (<b>A-B</b>) obtained with multiphoton confocal microscopy 400x with 3.8-4.0x zoom and (<b>C-F</b>) with single photon confocal microscopy 400x with 4.0x zoom. (<b>A-B</b>) cells within the eye, (<b>C-F</b>) skeletal myocytes. (<b>G</b>) and (<b>H</b>) are enlargements of boxed areas in (<b>E</b>) and (<b>F</b>) respectively. Note abnormal mitochondrial morphology in (<b>H</b>) as denoted by arrows.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["morphants", "fragmented", "mitochondria", "disorganized", "fibers", "compared", "mmc"], "article_id"=>651933, "categories"=>["Biochemistry", "Genetics", "Developmental Biology", "Medicine"], "users"=>["Jennifer J. Rahn", "Krista D. Stackley", "Sherine S. L. Chan"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0059218.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>13, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Opa1_morphants_have_more_fragmented_mitochondria_and_disorganized_fibers_when_compared_to_MMC_morphants_/651933", "title"=>"Opa1 morphants have more fragmented mitochondria and disorganized fibers when compared to MMC morphants.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-03-15 08:46:27"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/987048"], "description"=>"<p>Opa1 morphants at 24 hpf (<b>B</b>) have increased density or ‘graininess’ in the brain region (arrow) and smaller eyes. At 48 hpf, Opa1 morphants have hindbrain ventricle enlargements (arrow) and smaller eyes (<b>D</b>). Opa1 morphants at 48 hpf also have impaired circulation compared with MMC morphants and often has blood accumulation below the heart (arrow) (<b>F</b>). At 72 hpf, Opa1 morphants have larger yolk cells, smaller eyes, smaller hearts, small pectoral fin buds (<b>H</b>) and pericardial edema (<b>J</b>). Many Opa1 morphants had unlooped hearts (<b>L</b>). (<b>N</b>) is the same image as (<b>L</b>) with the heart margins outlined (solid line) and the midline indicated by a dashed line. By 96 hpf, the edema is still present and can involve the eyes (<b>P</b>).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["mmc", "tb", "morphant", "embryos"], "article_id"=>651929, "categories"=>["Biochemistry", "Genetics", "Developmental Biology", "Medicine"], "users"=>["Jennifer J. Rahn", "Krista D. Stackley", "Sherine S. L. Chan"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0059218.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Phenotypic_analyses_of_MMC_A_C_E_G_I_K_M_O_and_TB_B_D_F_H_J_L_N_P_morphant_embryos_and_larvae_/651929", "title"=>"Phenotypic analyses of MMC (A, C, E, G, I, K, M, O) and TB (B, D, F, H, J, L, N, P) morphant embryos and larvae.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-03-15 08:45:48"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/987047"], "description"=>"<p><b>A.</b> Representative Western blot for Opa1 yolk-less protein in MMC and Opa1 morphants. Opa1 protein is reduced at 24, 48, and 72 hpf. Differences were isoform specific. Samples from 24 hpf were imaged from a separate blot. Contrast was adjusted to improve visualization. *indicates isoforms selected for densitometry (see <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0059218#pone-0059218-g001\" target=\"_blank\">Figure 1B</a>). Western blot results have been replicated with at least four independent injections <b>B.</b> Quantification of most intense Opa1 isoforms identified by Western blot. All values were first normalized to β-actin protein levels.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["blot"], "article_id"=>651928, "categories"=>["Biochemistry", "Genetics", "Developmental Biology", "Medicine"], "users"=>["Jennifer J. Rahn", "Krista D. Stackley", "Sherine S. L. Chan"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0059218.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Western_blot_analysis_/651928", "title"=>"Western blot analysis.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-03-15 08:45:16"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1007160"], "description"=>"<p>Primers for XL-PCR for mtDNA deletion assay.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["xl-pcr", "mtdna", "deletion"], "article_id"=>667781, "categories"=>["Biochemistry", "Genetics", "Developmental Biology", "Medicine"], "users"=>["Jennifer J. Rahn", "Krista D. Stackley", "Sherine S. L. Chan"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0059218.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Primers_for_XL_PCR_for_mtDNA_deletion_assay_/667781", "title"=>"Primers for XL-PCR for mtDNA deletion assay.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-03-14 02:09:41"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/987059"], "description"=>"<p>Oxygen consumption rates (OCR) were measured in 24, 48, and 72 hpf morphants (mean +/− SEM, n = 5–10). <b>A.</b> Opa1 morphant basal respiration was significantly decreased compared to MMC morphants at 24 and 72 hpf (p = 0.004 (a) and p = 0.0007 (b), respectively). Maximal respiratory capacity and proton leak were not different between groups at any time point. ATP turnover was significantly decreased for Opa1 morphants at 24 and 48 hpf (p = 0.03 (c) and p = 0.04 (d), respectively). <b>B.</b> The proportion of total basal respiration due to non-mitochondrial respiration, ATP turnover and proton leak were similar between Opa1 and MMC morphants. <b>C.</b> Respiratory control ratio was significantly greater for Opa1 morphants than MMC at 24 and 72 hpf (asterisks, p<0.03). P values were determined by Student's 2-tailed t-test.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["opa1"], "article_id"=>651940, "categories"=>["Biochemistry", "Genetics", "Developmental Biology", "Medicine"], "users"=>["Jennifer J. Rahn", "Krista D. Stackley", "Sherine S. L. Chan"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0059218.g007", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Bioenergetic_analysis_of_Opa1_morphants_/651940", "title"=>"Bioenergetic analysis of Opa1 morphants.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-03-15 08:47:48"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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Relative Metric

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