Into the Wild: Dissemination of Antibiotic Resistance Determinants via a Species Recovery Program
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{"title"=>"Into the Wild: Dissemination of Antibiotic Resistance Determinants via a Species Recovery Program", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Michelle L.", "last_name"=>"Power", "scopus_author_id"=>"7102066684"}, {"first_name"=>"Samantha", "last_name"=>"Emery", "scopus_author_id"=>"26422129100"}, {"first_name"=>"Michael R.", "last_name"=>"Gillings", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004362734"}], "year"=>2013, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84878067996", "sgr"=>"84878067996", "issn"=>"19326203", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)\\n1932-6203 (Linking)", "pmid"=>"23717399", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0063017", "pui"=>"368973485"}, "id"=>"32d55d7a-eeac-3a3f-93e0-c703580ebb5e", "abstract"=>"Management strategies associated with captive breeding of endangered species can establish opportunities for transfer of pathogens and genetic elements between human and animal microbiomes. The class 1 integron is a mobile genetic element associated with clinical antibiotic resistance in gram-negative bacteria. We examined the gut microbiota of endangered brush-tail rock wallabies Petrogale penicillata to determine if they carried class 1 integrons. No integrons were detected in 65 animals from five wild populations. In contrast, class 1 integrons were detected in 48% of fecal samples from captive wallabies. The integrons contained diverse cassette arrays that encoded resistance to streptomycin, spectinomycin, and trimethoprim. Evidence suggested that captive wallabies had acquired typical class 1 integrons on a number of independent occasions, and had done so in the absence of strong selection afforded by antibiotic therapy. Sufficient numbers of bacteria containing diverse class 1 integrons must have been present in the general environment occupied by the wallabies to account for this acquisition. The captive wallabies have now been released, in an attempt to bolster wild populations of the species. Consequently, they can potentially spread resistance integrons into wild wallabies and into new environments. This finding highlights the potential for genes and pathogens from human sources to be acquired during captive breeding and to be unwittingly spread to other populations.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/wild-dissemination-antibiotic-resistance-determinants-via-species-recovery-program-1", "reader_count"=>68, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Researcher"=>11, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>5, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>15, "Student > Postgraduate"=>6, "Other"=>3, "Student > Master"=>17, "Student > Bachelor"=>7, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Researcher"=>11, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>5, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>15, "Student > Postgraduate"=>6, "Other"=>3, "Student > Master"=>17, "Student > Bachelor"=>7, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>36, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>3, "Chemistry"=>1, "Computer Science"=>1, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>2, "Energy"=>1, "Engineering"=>1, "Environmental Science"=>8, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>8, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>2, "Social Sciences"=>1, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>2}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>2}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>8}, "Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>1}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>1}, "Energy"=>{"Energy"=>1}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>2}, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>{"Immunology and Microbiology"=>2}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>36}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>8}, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>{"Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>3}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Canada"=>2, "Brazil"=>2, "United Kingdom"=>1, "Germany"=>1, "Estonia"=>1}, "group_count"=>3}

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1065972"], "description"=>"<p>Primers used to amplify 16S rDNA and integron components.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ecology", "Conservation science", "microbial ecology", "Evolutionary biology", "Organismal evolution", "Microbial evolution", "microbiology", "Bacterial pathogens", "Gram negative", "Emerging infectious diseases", "Microbial pathogens", "Animal types", "wildlife", "Veterinary microbiology", "16s", "rdna", "integron"], "article_id"=>705938, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Medicine"], "users"=>["Michelle L. Power", "Samantha Emery", "Michael R. Gillings"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0063017.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Primers_used_to_amplify_16S_rDNA_and_integron_components_/705938", "title"=>"Primers used to amplify 16S rDNA and integron components.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-05-22 01:38:58"}

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Relative Metric

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