Global Epidemiology of Mental Disorders: What Are We Missing?
Publication Date
June 24, 2013
Journal
PLOS ONE
Authors
Amanda J. Baxter, George Patton, Kate M. Scott, Louisa Degenhardt, et al
Volume
8
Issue
6
Pages
e65514
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0065514
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0065514
PubMed
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23826081
PubMed Central
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3691161
Europe PMC
http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/23826081
Web of Science
000321738400003
Scopus
84879331642
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/global-epidemiology-mental-disorders-we-missing-5
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Global Epidemiology of Mental Disorders: What Are We Missing?", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Amanda J.", "last_name"=>"Baxter", "scopus_author_id"=>"36650484400"}, {"first_name"=>"George", "last_name"=>"Patton", "scopus_author_id"=>"7102184358"}, {"first_name"=>"Kate M.", "last_name"=>"Scott", "scopus_author_id"=>"55573724700"}, {"first_name"=>"Louisa", "last_name"=>"Degenhardt", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004040033"}, {"first_name"=>"Harvey A.", "last_name"=>"Whiteford", "scopus_author_id"=>"55906494000"}], "year"=>2013, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84879331642", "sgr"=>"84879331642", "issn"=>"19326203", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0065514", "pmid"=>"23826081", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "pui"=>"369184623"}, "id"=>"fe365479-b6a6-38b8-a9b1-9b4a750d948d", "abstract"=>"BACKGROUND Population-based studies provide the understanding of health-need required for effective public health policy and service-planning. Mental disorders are an important but, until recently, neglected agenda in global health. This paper reviews the coverage and limitations in global epidemiological data for mental disorders and suggests strategies to strengthen the data. METHODS Systematic reviews were conducted for population-based epidemiological studies in mental disorders to inform new estimates for the global burden of disease study. Estimates of population coverage were calculated, adjusted for study parameters (age, gender and sampling frames) to quantify regional coverage. RESULTS Of the 77,000 data sources identified, fewer than 1% could be used for deriving national estimates of prevalence, incidence, remission, and mortality in mental disorders. The two major limitations were (1) highly variable regional coverage, and (2) important methodological issues that prevented synthesis across studies, including the use of varying case definitions, the selection of samples not allowing generalization, lack of standardized indicators, and incomplete reporting. North America and Australasia had the most complete prevalence data for mental disorders while coverage was highly variable across Europe, Latin America, and Asia Pacific, and poor in other regions of Asia and Africa. Nationally-representative data for incidence, remission, and mortality were sparse across most of the world. DISCUSSION Recent calls to action for global mental health were predicated on the high prevalence and disability of mental disorders. However, the global picture of disorders is inadequate for planning. Global data coverage is not commensurate with other important health problems, and for most of the world's population, mental disorders are invisible and remain a low priority.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/global-epidemiology-mental-disorders-we-missing-5", "reader_count"=>181, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>6, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Librarian"=>2, "Researcher"=>26, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>15, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>35, "Student > Postgraduate"=>17, "Other"=>7, "Student > Master"=>35, "Student > Bachelor"=>28, "Lecturer"=>4, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>4}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>6, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Librarian"=>2, "Researcher"=>26, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>15, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>35, "Student > Postgraduate"=>17, "Other"=>7, "Student > Master"=>35, "Student > Bachelor"=>28, "Lecturer"=>4, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>4}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>16, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>11, "Philosophy"=>3, "Arts and Humanities"=>1, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>1, "Chemistry"=>1, "Computer Science"=>1, "Decision Sciences"=>1, "Engineering"=>1, "Environmental Science"=>1, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>12, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>3, "Mathematics"=>1, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>64, "Neuroscience"=>9, "Psychology"=>39, "Social Sciences"=>15, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>64}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>15}, "Decision Sciences"=>{"Decision Sciences"=>1}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>39}, "Mathematics"=>{"Mathematics"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>16}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>1}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>1}, "Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>1}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>1}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>9}, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>{"Immunology and Microbiology"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>11}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>1}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>12}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>3}, "Philosophy"=>{"Philosophy"=>3}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Canada"=>1, "Cuba"=>2, "United States"=>1, "Brazil"=>3, "Uganda"=>1, "Spain"=>2}, "group_count"=>5}

CrossRef

Scopus | Further Information

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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1099314"], "description"=>"<p>Average population coverage of prevalence data for low prevalence disorders: averaged across schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and eating disorders.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Clinical research design", "Systematic reviews", "epidemiology", "Epidemiological methods", "Survey methods", "Global health", "Mental health", "psychiatry", "Public health", "Health screening", "Research assessment", "Research validity", "prevalence", "averaged", "bipolar"], "article_id"=>730134, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Amanda J. Baxter", "George Patton", "Kate M. Scott", "Louisa Degenhardt", "Harvey A. Whiteford"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0065514.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Average_population_coverage_of_prevalence_data_for_low_prevalence_disorders_averaged_across_schizophrenia_bipolar_disorder_and_eating_disorders_/730134", "title"=>"Average population coverage of prevalence data for low prevalence disorders: averaged across schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and eating disorders.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-06-24 03:39:58"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1099320"], "description"=>"*<p>Coverage: % of population represented by prevalence studies for mental disorders, adjusted for study age-ranges, gender-coverage and sub-national sampling frames.</p>**<p>GBD World Region: see <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0065514#pone.0065514.s001\" target=\"_blank\">Figure S1</a> for more information on world regions used in the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Clinical research design", "Systematic reviews", "epidemiology", "Epidemiological methods", "Survey methods", "Global health", "Mental health", "psychiatry", "Public health", "Health screening", "Research assessment", "Research validity", "prevalence", "disorders", "2010"], "article_id"=>730137, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Amanda J. Baxter", "George Patton", "Kate M. Scott", "Louisa Degenhardt", "Harvey A. Whiteford"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0065514.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Estimated_global_coverage_of_prevalence_data_for_mental_disorders_by_Global_Burden_of_Disease_2010_Study_world_region_/730137", "title"=>"Estimated global coverage<sup>*</sup> of prevalence data for mental disorders by Global Burden of Disease 2010 Study world region.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-06-24 03:39:58"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1099322", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1099326", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1099333", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1099344", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1099347", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1099364"], "description"=>"<div><p>Background</p><p>Population-based studies provide the understanding of health-need required for effective public health policy and service-planning. Mental disorders are an important but, until recently, neglected agenda in global health. This paper reviews the coverage and limitations in global epidemiological data for mental disorders and suggests strategies to strengthen the data.</p><p>Methods</p><p>Systematic reviews were conducted for population-based epidemiological studies in mental disorders to inform new estimates for the global burden of disease study. Estimates of population coverage were calculated, adjusted for study parameters (age, gender and sampling frames) to quantify regional coverage.</p><p>Results</p><p>Of the 77,000 data sources identified, fewer than 1% could be used for deriving national estimates of prevalence, incidence, remission, and mortality in mental disorders. The two major limitations were (1) highly variable regional coverage, and (2) important methodological issues that prevented synthesis across studies, including the use of varying case definitions, the selection of samples not allowing generalization, lack of standardized indicators, and incomplete reporting. North America and Australasia had the most complete prevalence data for mental disorders while coverage was highly variable across Europe, Latin America, and Asia Pacific, and poor in other regions of Asia and Africa. Nationally-representative data for incidence, remission, and mortality were sparse across most of the world.</p><p>Discussion</p><p>Recent calls to action for global mental health were predicated on the high prevalence and disability of mental disorders. However, the global picture of disorders is inadequate for planning. Global data coverage is not commensurate with other important health problems, and for most of the world's population, mental disorders are invisible and remain a low priority.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Clinical research design", "Systematic reviews", "epidemiology", "Epidemiological methods", "Survey methods", "Global health", "Mental health", "psychiatry", "Public health", "Health screening", "Research assessment", "Research validity"], "article_id"=>730138, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Amanda J. Baxter", "George Patton", "Kate M. Scott", "Louisa Degenhardt", "Harvey A. Whiteford"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0065514.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0065514.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0065514.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0065514.s004", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0065514.s005", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0065514.s006"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>67, "page_views"=>13, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Global_Epidemiology_of_Mental_Disorders_What_Are_We_Missing_/730138", "title"=>"Global Epidemiology of Mental Disorders: What Are We Missing?", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2013-06-24 03:39:58"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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Relative Metric

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