The Role of Conspiracist Ideation and Worldviews in Predicting Rejection of Science
Events
Loading … Spinner

Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"The Role of Conspiracist Ideation and Worldviews in Predicting Rejection of Science", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Stephan", "last_name"=>"Lewandowsky", "scopus_author_id"=>"7003392492"}, {"first_name"=>"Gilles E.", "last_name"=>"Gignac", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603175039"}, {"first_name"=>"Klaus", "last_name"=>"Oberauer", "scopus_author_id"=>"7003393216"}], "year"=>2013, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0075637", "sgr"=>"84884883697", "issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"369937363", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)\\r1932-6203 (Linking)", "pmid"=>"24098391", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84884883697"}, "id"=>"daa324e9-4a2f-391a-8962-0d218acdcf53", "abstract"=>"BACKGROUND: Among American Conservatives, but not Liberals, trust in science has been declining since the 1970's. Climate science has become particularly polarized, with Conservatives being more likely than Liberals to reject the notion that greenhouse gas emissions are warming the globe. Conversely, opposition to genetically-modified (GM) foods and vaccinations is often ascribed to the political Left although reliable data are lacking. There are also growing indications that rejection of science is suffused by conspiracist ideation, that is the general tendency to endorse conspiracy theories including the specific beliefs that inconvenient scientific findings constitute a \"hoax.\"\\n\\nMETHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We conducted a propensity weighted internet-panel survey of the U.S. population and show that conservatism and free-market worldview strongly predict rejection of climate science, in contrast to their weaker and opposing effects on acceptance of vaccinations. The two worldview variables do not predict opposition to GM. Conspiracist ideation, by contrast, predicts rejection of all three scientific propositions, albeit to greatly varying extents. Greater endorsement of a diverse set of conspiracy theories predicts opposition to GM foods, vaccinations, and climate science.\\n\\nCONCLUSIONS: Free-market worldviews are an important predictor of the rejection of scientific findings that have potential regulatory implications, such as climate science, but not necessarily of other scientific issues. Conspiracist ideation, by contrast, is associated with the rejection of all scientific propositions tested. We highlight the manifold cognitive reasons why conspiracist ideation would stand in opposition to the scientific method. The involvement of conspiracist ideation in the rejection of science has implications for science communicators.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/role-conspiracist-ideation-worldviews-predicting-rejection-science", "reader_count"=>195, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>10, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>6, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>34, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>11, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>43, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>26, "Other"=>13, "Student > Bachelor"=>31, "Lecturer"=>5, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>11}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>10, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>6, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>34, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>11, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>43, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>26, "Other"=>13, "Student > Bachelor"=>31, "Lecturer"=>5, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>11}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>19, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>19, "Philosophy"=>1, "Arts and Humanities"=>2, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>2, "Computer Science"=>4, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>6, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>2, "Engineering"=>2, "Environmental Science"=>9, "Mathematics"=>1, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>10, "Neuroscience"=>1, "Physics and Astronomy"=>6, "Psychology"=>67, "Social Sciences"=>38, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>1, "Linguistics"=>3}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>10}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>38}, "Physics and Astronomy"=>{"Physics and Astronomy"=>6}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>67}, "Mathematics"=>{"Mathematics"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>19}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>9}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>2}, "Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>2}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>1}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>6}, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>2}, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>{"Immunology and Microbiology"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>19}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>4}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>2}, "Linguistics"=>{"Linguistics"=>3}, "Philosophy"=>{"Philosophy"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"New Zealand"=>1, "Canada"=>1, "Belgium"=>1, "United States"=>8, "United Kingdom"=>2, "France"=>1, "Australia"=>1, "Bosnia and Herzegovina"=>1, "Switzerland"=>1, "Germany"=>1}, "group_count"=>7}

CrossRef

Scopus | Further Information

{"@_fa"=>"true", "link"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"self", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84884883697"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"author-affiliation", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84884883697?field=author,affiliation"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84884883697&origin=inward"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus-citedby", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84884883697&origin=inward"}], "prism:url"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84884883697", "dc:identifier"=>"SCOPUS_ID:84884883697", "eid"=>"2-s2.0-84884883697", "dc:title"=>"The Role of Conspiracist Ideation and Worldviews in Predicting Rejection of Science", "dc:creator"=>"Lewandowsky S.", "prism:publicationName"=>"PLoS ONE", "prism:eIssn"=>"19326203", "prism:volume"=>"8", "prism:issueIdentifier"=>"10", "prism:pageRange"=>nil, "prism:coverDate"=>"2013-10-02", "prism:coverDisplayDate"=>"2 October 2013", "prism:doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0075637", "citedby-count"=>"142", "affiliation"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "affilname"=>"University of Western Australia", "affiliation-city"=>"Perth", "affiliation-country"=>"Australia"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "affilname"=>"University of Bristol", "affiliation-city"=>"Bristol", "affiliation-country"=>"United Kingdom"}], "pubmed-id"=>"24098391", "prism:aggregationType"=>"Journal", "subtype"=>"ar", "subtypeDescription"=>"Article", "article-number"=>"e75637", "source-id"=>"10600153309", "openaccess"=>"1", "openaccessFlag"=>true}

Article Coverage

Article Coverage Curated

Facebook

  • {"url"=>"http%3A%2F%2Fjournals.plos.org%2Fplosone%2Farticle%3Fid%3D10.1371%252Fjournal.pone.0075637", "share_count"=>52, "like_count"=>59, "comment_count"=>582, "click_count"=>0, "total_count"=>693}

Journal Comments | Further Information

Twitter

Counter

  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"601", "xml_views"=>"12", "html_views"=>"7922"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"137", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"1991"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2013", "pdf_views"=>"63", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"877"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"53", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"1253"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"48", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"839"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"149", "xml_views"=>"5", "html_views"=>"1888"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"175", "xml_views"=>"5", "html_views"=>"1656"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"68", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"695"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"38", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"521"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"26", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"329"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"43", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"836"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"54", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"771"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"42", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"517"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"36", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"573"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"22", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"463"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"98", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"1505"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"120", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"2408"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"243", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"717"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"88", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"527"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"101", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"1060"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"79", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"639"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"117", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"995"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"82", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"753"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"96", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"796"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"61", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"604"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"55", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"398"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"64", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"445"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"48", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"520"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"45", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"662"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"37", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"531"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"140", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"621"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"121", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"1014"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"56", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"531"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"25", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"312"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"49", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"504"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"77", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"589"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"65", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"644"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"33", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"801"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"57", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"684"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"42", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"742"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"43", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"652"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"71", "xml_views"=>"5", "html_views"=>"755"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"175", "xml_views"=>"16", "html_views"=>"773"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"149", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"741"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"98", "xml_views"=>"7", "html_views"=>"669"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"103", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"739"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"58", "xml_views"=>"5", "html_views"=>"634"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"63", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"857"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"75", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"839"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"68", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"522"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"47", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"629"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"74", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"626"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"78", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"233"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"140", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"273"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"181", "xml_views"=>"9", "html_views"=>"356"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"85", "xml_views"=>"11", "html_views"=>"235"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"65", "xml_views"=>"7", "html_views"=>"177"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"63", "xml_views"=>"9", "html_views"=>"186"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"78", "xml_views"=>"8", "html_views"=>"227"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"64", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"223"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"76", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"220"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"70", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"261"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"65", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"227"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"112", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"205"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"178", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"209"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"243", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"235"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"171", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"612"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"152", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"600"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"107", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"101"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"76", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"158"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"96", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"158"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"78", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"167"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"173", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"255"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"57", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"140"}

Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1222305"], "description"=>"<p>Each histogram shows the distribution across subjects of the single-indicator scores. Each variable represents the average responses across the constituent items on the 5-point from ‘Strongly Disagree’ (1) to ‘Strongly Agree’ (5), with ‘Neutral’ representing the midpoint.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["distributions", "single-indicator", "composite", "scores"], "article_id"=>812950, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Stephan Lewandowsky", "Gilles E. Gignac", "Klaus Oberauer"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0075637.g001"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Frequency_distributions_of_the_single_indicator_composite_scores_for_all_6_constructs_/812950", "title"=>"Frequency distributions of the single-indicator composite scores for all 6 constructs.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-10-02 02:15:50"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1222306"], "description"=>"<p>All links and correlations shown are standardized and significant; all except the link between Conservatism and Vaccinations; , . Manifest variables and their loadings, and disturbances on endogenous factors, are not shown. Links between latent variables that are not shown are constrained to zero. Loadings and variances of single-indicator manifest variables are not shown and are reported in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0075637#pone-0075637-t002\" target=\"_blank\">Table 2</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["summarizing"], "article_id"=>812951, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Stephan Lewandowsky", "Gilles E. Gignac", "Klaus Oberauer"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0075637.g002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Structural_Equation_Model_summarizing_the_data_Model_1_/812951", "title"=>"Structural Equation Model summarizing the data (Model 1).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-10-02 02:15:50"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1222307"], "description"=>"<p>Questionnaire items used in the survey and their short names.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["items"], "article_id"=>812952, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Stephan Lewandowsky", "Gilles E. Gignac", "Klaus Oberauer"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0075637.t001"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Questionnaire_items_used_in_the_survey_and_their_short_names_/812952", "title"=>"Questionnaire items used in the survey and their short names.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-10-02 02:15:50"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1222308"], "description"=>"<p><i>Note.</i> Composite scores are means across items on the 5-point scale. corresponds to the loading of a single-indicator manifest variable on its factor. refers to the error variance of each single-indicator latent variable. For comparison, the corresponding Cronbach's 's for the Climate, GM Food, Vaccines, Conservatism, Free Market, and Conspiracist composite scores were estimated at .781, .807, .778, .774, .667, and .842, respectively.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["composite"], "article_id"=>812953, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Stephan Lewandowsky", "Gilles E. Gignac", "Klaus Oberauer"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0075637.t002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Descriptive_Statistics_Associated_with_Indicator_Composite_Scores_/812953", "title"=>"Descriptive Statistics Associated with Indicator Composite Scores.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-10-02 02:15:50"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1222309"], "description"=>"<p><i>Note</i>. Table entries are numbers of responses (and percentages). See <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0075637#pone-0075637-t001\" target=\"_blank\">Table 1</a> for wording of items.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["responses"], "article_id"=>812954, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Stephan Lewandowsky", "Gilles E. Gignac", "Klaus Oberauer"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0075637.t003"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Distribution_of_responses_to_survey_items_/812954", "title"=>"Distribution of responses to survey items.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-10-02 02:15:50"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1222310"], "description"=>"<p><i>Note</i>. All correlations <i>except</i> those enclosed in parentheses are significant (). The bivariate correlations between acceptance of vaccinations and the Free Market and Conservatism predictors, respectively, were small and non-significant. See text for explanation why those predictors were nonetheless significant in the SEM model (<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0075637#pone-0075637-g002\" target=\"_blank\">Figure 2</a>).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["latent", "variables", "retained"], "article_id"=>812955, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Stephan Lewandowsky", "Gilles E. Gignac", "Klaus Oberauer"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0075637.t004"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Correlations_among_the_6_latent_variables_retained_for_the_Structural_Equation_Modeling_/812955", "title"=>"Correlations among the 6 latent variables retained for the Structural Equation Modeling.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-10-02 02:15:50"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1222311"], "description"=>"<p><i>Notes</i>. single-factor model with one correlated residual between the <i>CNatFluct</i> and <i>HumansInsign</i> items (; see Table 0 for explanation of variable names); single-factor model with one correlated residual between the <i>GMdamageEnv</i> and <i>GMdangerous</i> items (); single-factor model with one correlated residual between the <i>VaxNegSide</i> and <i>VaxRiskyVax</i> items (); single-factor model with two correlated residuals: one between the <i>PRepub</i> and <i>PMediaLeft</i> items (), and one between the <i>PCommunismFailed</i> and <i>PSocialismOK</i> items (); single-factor model with one correlated residual between the <i>FMUnresBest</i> and <i>FMMoreImp</i> items (); no correlated residuals were added to this single-factor model.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["indices", "single-factor"], "article_id"=>812956, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Stephan Lewandowsky", "Gilles E. Gignac", "Klaus Oberauer"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0075637.t005"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Model_Fit_Statistics_and_Indices_Associated_with_the_Single_Factor_Measurement_Models_/812956", "title"=>"Model Fit Statistics and Indices Associated with the Single-Factor Measurement Models.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-10-02 02:15:50"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

  • {"unique-ip"=>"450", "full-text"=>"605", "pdf"=>"44", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"15", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"60", "full-text"=>"68", "pdf"=>"13", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"43", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2013", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"64", "full-text"=>"71", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"7", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"39", "full-text"=>"46", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"175", "full-text"=>"1192", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"20", "full-text"=>"25", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"53", "full-text"=>"76", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"8", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"27", "full-text"=>"37", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"30", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"24", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"28", "full-text"=>"31", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"31", "full-text"=>"38", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"39", "full-text"=>"60", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"20", "full-text"=>"20", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"28", "full-text"=>"31", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"25", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"41", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"19", "full-text"=>"36", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"34", "full-text"=>"41", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"46", "full-text"=>"91", "pdf"=>"9", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"19", "full-text"=>"23", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"43", "full-text"=>"81", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"48", "full-text"=>"65", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"257", "full-text"=>"332", "pdf"=>"20", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"24", "full-text"=>"20", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"30", "full-text"=>"34", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"26", "full-text"=>"37", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"22", "full-text"=>"25", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"61", "full-text"=>"70", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"19", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"24", "full-text"=>"25", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"36", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"9", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"24", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"22", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"14", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"20", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"20", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"28", "full-text"=>"35", "pdf"=>"8", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"124", "full-text"=>"129", "pdf"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"20", "full-text"=>"26", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"20", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"8", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"24", "full-text"=>"27", "pdf"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"34", "full-text"=>"28", "pdf"=>"14", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"287", "full-text"=>"340", "pdf"=>"7", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"770", "full-text"=>"946", "pdf"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"24", "full-text"=>"24", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"45", "full-text"=>"48", "pdf"=>"10", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"34", "full-text"=>"29", "pdf"=>"9", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"10"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2013-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2013-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences", "average_usage"=>[269, 466, 588, 697, 800, 896, 988, 1076, 1165, 1254, 1340, 1417]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Immunology", "average_usage"=>[266, 466, 591, 701, 799, 887, 982, 1067, 1155, 1237, 1317, 1395, 1458]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Psychology", "average_usage"=>[284, 458, 579, 688, 782, 879, 957, 1048, 1126, 1204, 1280, 1357, 1415]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Earth sciences", "average_usage"=>[296, 488, 620, 717, 828, 938, 1038, 1130, 1230, 1328, 1414, 1502, 1592]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences", "average_usage"=>[264, 460, 584, 692, 794, 887, 978, 1067, 1154, 1241, 1328, 1408, 1474]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences/Immunology", "average_usage"=>[262, 463, 587, 693, 790, 882, 965, 1051, 1135, 1218, 1300, 1376, 1438]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Social sciences", "average_usage"=>[289, 475, 593, 703, 805, 902, 990, 1078, 1158, 1250, 1336, 1417, 1482]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Social sciences/Political science", "average_usage"=>[421, 740, 912, 1049, 1166, 1307, 1424, 1535, 1682, 1829, 1942, 2049, 2090]}]}
Loading … Spinner
There are currently no alerts