Mesozooplankton Grazing on Picocyanobacteria in the Baltic Sea as Inferred from Molecular Diet Analysis
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{"title"=>"Mesozooplankton grazing on picocyanobacteria in the baltic sea as inferred from molecular diet analysis", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Nisha H.", "last_name"=>"Motwani", "scopus_author_id"=>"55817853500"}, {"first_name"=>"Elena", "last_name"=>"Gorokhova", "scopus_author_id"=>"7003487564"}], "year"=>2013, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"sgr"=>"84894111393", "pmid"=>"24260175", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84894111393", "issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"372403013", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0079230"}, "id"=>"c2019dbe-99d6-3d45-912c-7ec5106057cd", "abstract"=>"Our current knowledge on the microbial component of zooplankton diet is limited, and it is generally assumed that bacteria-sized prey is not directly consumed by most mesozooplankton grazers in the marine food webs. We questioned this assumption and conducted field and laboratory studies to examine picocyanobacteria contribution to the diets of Baltic Sea zooplankton, including copepods. First, qPCR targeting ITS-1 rDNA sequence of the picocyanobacteria Synechococcus spp. was used to examine picocyanobacterial DNA occurrence in the guts of Baltic zooplankton (copepods, cladocerans and rotifers). All field-collected zooplankton were found to consume picocyanobacteria in substantial quantities. In terms of Synechococcus quantity, the individual gut content was highest in cladocerans, whereas biomass-specific gut content was highest in rotifers and copepod nauplii. Moreover, the gut content in copepods was positively related to the picocyanobacteria abundance and negatively to the total phytoplankton abundance in the water column at the time of sampling. This indicates that increased availability of picocyanobacteria resulted in the increased intake of this prey and that copepods may rely more on picoplankton when food in the preferred size range declines. Second, a feeding experiments with a laboratory reared copepod Acartia tonsa fed a mixture of the picocyanobacterium Synechococcus bacillaris and microalga Rhodomonas salina confirmed that copepods ingested Synechococcus, even when the alternative food was plentiful. Finally, palatability of the picocyanobacteria for A. tonsa was demonstrated using uptake of (13)C by the copepods as a proxy for carbon uptake in feeding experiment with (13)C-labeled S. bacillaris. These findings suggest that, if abundant, picoplankton may become an important component of mesozooplankton diet, which needs to be accounted for in food web models and productivity assessments.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/mesozooplankton-grazing-picocyanobacteria-baltic-sea-inferred-molecular-diet-analysis", "reader_count"=>34, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>4, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>14, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>9}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>4, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>14, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>9}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Environmental Science"=>7, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>23, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>3}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>3}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>23}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>1}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>7}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Latvia"=>1, "United States"=>1, "Finland"=>1, "France"=>1}, "group_count"=>2}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1285257"], "description"=>"<p>Field-collected samples were used for the analysis. <i>E. affinis</i> – <i>Eurytemora affinis</i>, <i>Acartia</i> spp. – <i>Acartia bifilosa</i> and <i>A. longiremis</i>, <i>B. maritima</i> – <i>Bosmina maritima</i>, podonids – <i>P. intermedius</i> and <i>P. leuckartii</i>, rotifers – <i>Synchaeta</i> spp., <i>Keratella cochlearis</i> and K. <i>quadrata</i>; nauplii – <i>Acartia</i> spp. and <i>E. affinis</i>; <i>n</i> – number of samples analyzed.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["abundance", "copies", "mesozooplankton"], "article_id"=>854221, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Nisha H. Motwani", "Elena Gorokhova"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0079230.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Synechococcus_abundance_ITS_1_copies_10_3_ind_8722_1_detected_in_different_mesozooplankton_species_groups_/854221", "title"=>"<i>Synechococcus</i> abundance (ITS-1 copies ×10<sup>3</sup> ind<sup>−1</sup>) detected in different mesozooplankton species/groups.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-11-18 03:03:05"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1285256"], "description"=>"<p>Carbon uptake is expressed as change in δ<sup>13</sup>C of the copepods from the start values. Differences between the start and each treatment group are shown by asterisks (*: p<0.05; ***: p<0.0001). Data are shown as mean ± SD, <i>n</i> = 3 in all cases.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["uptake", "copepod", "exposed", "picocyanobacterium"], "article_id"=>854220, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Nisha H. Motwani", "Elena Gorokhova"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0079230.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>18, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Carbon_uptake_from_13_C_labeled_Synechococcus_bacillaris_by_the_copepod_Acartia_tonsa_live_and_dead_individuals_exposed_to_the_picocyanobacterium_Experiment_III_/854220", "title"=>"Carbon uptake from <sup>13</sup>C-labeled <i>Synechococcus bacillaris</i> by the copepod <i>Acartia tonsa</i> (live and dead individuals) exposed to the picocyanobacterium (Experiment III).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-11-18 03:03:05"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1285253"], "description"=>"<p>Individual gut content (GC; prey ITS-1 copies ×10<sup>3</sup> ind<sup>−1</sup>) and size-specific gut content (ssGC; prey ITS-1 copies ×10<sup>3</sup> µgWW<sup>−1</sup>) in main zooplankton groups: copepods (adults and older copepodites of <i>Acartia</i> spp. and <i>Eurytemora affinis</i>), cladocerans (<i>Bosmina maritima</i> and <i>Podon</i> spp.) and microzooplankton (rotifers <i>Synchaeta</i> spp., <i>Keratella quadrata</i>, and <i>K. cochlearis</i>, and copepod nauplii). Data are shown as mean ± SD, number of samples is given below the group name.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["field-collected"], "article_id"=>854217, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Nisha H. Motwani", "Elena Gorokhova"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0079230.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Occurrence_of_Synechococcus_spp_in_field_collected_zooplankton_/854217", "title"=>"Occurrence of <i>Synechococcus</i> spp. in field-collected zooplankton.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-11-18 03:03:05"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1285259"], "description"=>"<div><p>Our current knowledge on the microbial component of zooplankton diet is limited, and it is generally assumed that bacteria-sized prey is not directly consumed by most mesozooplankton grazers in the marine food webs. We questioned this assumption and conducted field and laboratory studies to examine picocyanobacteria contribution to the diets of Baltic Sea zooplankton, including copepods. First, qPCR targeting ITS-1 rDNA sequence of the picocyanobacteria <i>Synechococcus</i> spp. was used to examine picocyanobacterial DNA occurrence in the guts of Baltic zooplankton (copepods, cladocerans and rotifers). All field-collected zooplankton were found to consume picocyanobacteria in substantial quantities. In terms of <i>Synechococcus</i> quantity, the individual gut content was highest in cladocerans, whereas biomass-specific gut content was highest in rotifers and copepod nauplii. Moreover, the gut content in copepods was positively related to the picocyanobacteria abundance and negatively to the total phytoplankton abundance in the water column at the time of sampling. This indicates that increased availability of picocyanobacteria resulted in the increased intake of this prey and that copepods may rely more on picoplankton when food in the preferred size range declines. Second, a feeding experiments with a laboratory reared copepod <i>Acartia tonsa</i> fed a mixture of the picocyanobacterium <i>Synechococcus bacillaris</i> and microalga <i>Rhodomonas salina</i> confirmed that copepods ingested <i>Synechococcus</i>, even when the alternative food was plentiful. Finally, palatability of the picocyanobacteria for <i>A. tonsa</i> was demonstrated using uptake of <sup>13</sup>C by the copepods as a proxy for carbon uptake in feeding experiment with <sup>13</sup>C-labeled <i>S. bacillaris</i>. These findings suggest that, if abundant, picoplankton may become an important component of mesozooplankton diet, which needs to be accounted for in food web models and productivity assessments.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["grazing", "picocyanobacteria", "baltic", "inferred", "molecular"], "article_id"=>854223, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Nisha H. Motwani", "Elena Gorokhova"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0079230", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>6, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Mesozooplankton_Grazing_on_Picocyanobacteria_in_the_Baltic_Sea_as_Inferred_from_Molecular_Diet_Analysis_/854223", "title"=>"Mesozooplankton Grazing on Picocyanobacteria in the Baltic Sea as Inferred from Molecular Diet Analysis", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-11-18 03:03:05"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1285258"], "description"=>"<p>Data are Box-Cox transformed, significant effects are in bold face.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["generalized", "linear", "examining", "abundance", "copies", "phytoplankton", "biovolume", "dna", "copepod", "stomachs"], "article_id"=>854222, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Nisha H. Motwani", "Elena Gorokhova"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0079230.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Statistical_summary_of_the_generalized_linear_model_examining_effects_of_Synechococcus_abundance_ITS_1_copies_10_3_ml_8722_1_and_total_phytoplankton_gt_2_181_m_biovolume_mm_3_ml_8722_1_in_the_water_column_0_8211_14_m_on_the_abundance_of_Synechococcus_DNA/854222", "title"=>"Statistical summary of the generalized linear model examining effects of <i>Synechococcus</i> abundance (ITS-1 copies ×10<sup>3</sup> ml) <sup>−1</sup> and total phytoplankton (>2 µm) biovolume (mm<sup>3</sup> ml<sup>−1</sup>) in the water column (0–14 m) on the abundance of <i>Synechococcus</i> DNA in copepod stomachs (ITS-1 copies ×10<sup>3</sup> ind<sup>−1</sup>).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-11-18 03:03:05"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1285255"], "description"=>"<p>Data are shown as mean ± SD, <i>n</i> = 3 in all cases.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["copies", "cells", "individuals", "copepod", "exposed", "picocyanobacterium", "feeding", "experiments"], "article_id"=>854219, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology", "Earth and Environmental Sciences"], "users"=>["Nisha H. Motwani", "Elena Gorokhova"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0079230.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>16, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Quantities_of_Synechococcus_bacillaris_ITS_1_copies_10_3_ind_8722_1_and_cells_215_10_3_ind_8722_1_detected_in_the_live_and_dead_individuals_of_the_copepod_Acartia_tonsa_adults_and_nauplii_exposed_to_the_picocyanobacterium_in_the_feeding_experiments_Exper/854219", "title"=>"Quantities of <i>Synechococcus bacillaris</i> (ITS-1 copies ×10<sup>3</sup> ind<sup>−1</sup>and cells ×10<sup>3</sup> ind<sup>−1</sup>) detected in the live and dead individuals of the copepod <i>Acartia tonsa</i> (adults and nauplii) exposed to the picocyanobacterium in the feeding experiments (Experiments I and II).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-11-18 03:03:05"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"19", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"18", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"6"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2013-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2013-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences", "average_usage"=>[269, 466, 588, 697, 800, 896, 988, 1076, 1165, 1254, 1340, 1417]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Behavior", "average_usage"=>[306, 490, 611, 718, 817, 916, 999, 1091, 1185, 1258, 1341, 1412, 1476]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Ecology", "average_usage"=>[290, 478, 601, 716, 816, 914, 1016, 1112, 1203, 1285, 1373, 1451, 1516]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Zoology", "average_usage"=>[294, 473, 591, 693, 788, 883, 972, 1054, 1140, 1222, 1299, 1381, 1446]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Earth sciences", "average_usage"=>[296, 488, 620, 717, 828, 938, 1038, 1130, 1230, 1328, 1414, 1502, 1592]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Earth sciences/Marine and aquatic sciences", "average_usage"=>[299, 492, 619, 718, 826, 932, 1037, 1143, 1246, 1333, 1414, 1517, 1575]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Ecology and environmental sciences/Ecology", "average_usage"=>[298, 487, 610, 722, 827, 929, 1029, 1125, 1217, 1306, 1388, 1464, 1535]}]}
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