Implications of the Fast-Evolving Scale-Up of Adult Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision for Quality of Services in South Africa
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{"title"=>"Implications of the fast-evolving scale-up of adult voluntary medical male circumcision for quality of services in South Africa", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Dino", "last_name"=>"Rech", "scopus_author_id"=>"36438592600"}, {"first_name"=>"Alexandra", "last_name"=>"Spyrelis", "scopus_author_id"=>"56157165400"}, {"first_name"=>"Sasha", "last_name"=>"Frade", "scopus_author_id"=>"56157192300"}, {"first_name"=>"Linnea", "last_name"=>"Perry", "scopus_author_id"=>"56156913200"}, {"first_name"=>"Margaret", "last_name"=>"Farrell", "scopus_author_id"=>"56157591800"}, {"first_name"=>"Rebecca", "last_name"=>"Fertziger", "scopus_author_id"=>"56157547000"}, {"first_name"=>"Carlos", "last_name"=>"Toledo", "scopus_author_id"=>"7003739618"}, {"first_name"=>"Delivette", "last_name"=>"Castor", "scopus_author_id"=>"14055544500"}, {"first_name"=>"Emmanuel", "last_name"=>"Njeuhmeli", "scopus_author_id"=>"54409139600"}, {"first_name"=>"Dayanund", "last_name"=>"Loykissoonlal", "scopus_author_id"=>"56158080800"}, {"first_name"=>"Jane T.", "last_name"=>"Bertrand", "scopus_author_id"=>"7401585598"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84900446324", "sgr"=>"84900446324", "pui"=>"373074609", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "pmid"=>"24801209", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0080577"}, "id"=>"78736522-f9e7-3121-9a9b-0d08fb99cf75", "abstract"=>"BACKGROUND: The scale-up of voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) services in South Africa has been rapid, in an attempt to achieve the national government target of 4.3 million adult male circumcisions for HIV prevention by 2016. This study assesses the effect of the scale-up on the quality of the VMMC program.\\n\\nMETHODS AND FINDINGS: This analysis compares the quality of services at 15 sites operational in 2011 to (1) the same 15 sites in 2012 and (2) to a set of 40 sites representing the expanded program in 2012. Trained clinicians scored each site on 29 items measuring readiness to provide quality services (abbreviated version of the WHO Quality Assessment [QA] Guide) and 29 items to assess quality of surgical care provided (pre-op, surgical technique and post-op) based on the observation of VMMC procedures at each site. Declines in quality far outnumbered improvements. The negative effects in terms of readiness to provide quality services were most evident in expanded sites, whereas the declines in provision of quality services tended to affect both repeat sites and expanded sites equally. Areas of notable concern included the monitoring of adverse events, external supervision, post-operative counselling, and some infection control issues. Scores on quality of surgical technique tended to be among the highest across the 58 items observed, and the South Africa program has clearly institutionalized three \"best practices\" for surgical efficiency.\\n\\nCONCLUSIONS: These findings demonstrate the challenges of rapidly developing large numbers of new VMMC sites with the necessary equipment, supplies, and protocols. The scale-up in South Africa has diluted human resources, with negative effects for both the original sites and the expanded program.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/implications-fastevolving-scaleup-adult-voluntary-medical-male-circumcision-quality-services-south-a-1", "reader_count"=>24, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Researcher"=>7, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>2, "Student > Postgraduate"=>4, "Student > Master"=>6, "Other"=>3}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Researcher"=>7, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>2, "Student > Postgraduate"=>4, "Student > Master"=>6, "Other"=>3}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>6, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>6, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>1, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>3, "Psychology"=>1, "Social Sciences"=>5, "Computer Science"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>6}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>5}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>1}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>6}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>3}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>1}}, "group_count"=>0}

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

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PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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Relative Metric

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