Evaluating the Impact of Different Sequence Databases on Metaproteome Analysis: Insights from a Lab-Assembled Microbial Mixture
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{"title"=>"Evaluating the impact of different sequence databases on metaproteome analysis: Insights from a lab-assembled microbial mixture", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Alessandro", "last_name"=>"Tanca", "scopus_author_id"=>"34769263100"}, {"first_name"=>"Antonio", "last_name"=>"Palomba", "scopus_author_id"=>"55995008800"}, {"first_name"=>"Massimo", "last_name"=>"Deligios", "scopus_author_id"=>"55293528000"}, {"first_name"=>"Tiziana", "last_name"=>"Cubeddu", "scopus_author_id"=>"8922242200"}, {"first_name"=>"Cristina", "last_name"=>"Fraumene", "scopus_author_id"=>"6507663169"}, {"first_name"=>"Grazia", "last_name"=>"Biosa", "scopus_author_id"=>"6504791561"}, {"first_name"=>"Daniela", "last_name"=>"Pagnozzi", "scopus_author_id"=>"14008104500"}, {"first_name"=>"Maria Filippa", "last_name"=>"Addis", "scopus_author_id"=>"36851889100"}, {"first_name"=>"Sergio", "last_name"=>"Uzzau", "scopus_author_id"=>"57195271769"}], "year"=>2013, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "arxiv"=>"arXiv:1312.0570v2", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84891938742", "sgr"=>"84891938742", "pui"=>"372094563", "isbn"=>"2042-5783", "pmid"=>"24349410", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0082981"}, "id"=>"c8acaedc-da6c-350f-8f71-4bbf6b9bf479", "abstract"=>"Metaproteomics enables the investigation of the protein repertoire expressed by complex microbial communities. However, to unleash its full potential, refinements in bioinformatic approaches for data analysis are still needed. In this context, sequence databases selection represents a major challenge. This work assessed the impact of different databases in metaproteomic investigations by using a mock microbial mixture including nine diverse bacterial and eukaryotic species, which was subjected to shotgun metaproteomic analysis. Then, both the microbial mixture and the single microorganisms were subjected to next generation sequencing to obtain experimental metagenomic- and genomic-derived databases, which were used along with public databases (namely, NCBI, UniProtKB/SwissProt and UniProtKB/TrEMBL, parsed at different taxonomic levels) to analyze the metaproteomic dataset. First, a quantitative comparison in terms of number and overlap of peptide identifications was carried out among all databases. As a result, only 35% of peptides were common to all database classes; moreover, genus/species-specific databases provided up to 17% more identifications compared to databases with generic taxonomy, while the metagenomic database enabled a slight increment in respect to public databases. Then, database behavior in terms of false discovery rate and peptide degeneracy was critically evaluated. Public databases with generic taxonomy exhibited a markedly different trend compared to the counterparts. Finally, the reliability of taxonomic attribution according to the lowest common ancestor approach (using MEGAN and Unipept software) was assessed. The level of misassignments varied among the different databases, and specific thresholds based on the number of taxon-specific peptides were established to minimize false positives. This study confirms that database selection has a significant impact in metaproteomics, and provides critical indications for improving depth and reliability of metaproteomic results. Specifically, the use of iterative searches and of suitable filters for taxonomic assignments is proposed with the aim of increasing coverage and trustworthiness of metaproteomic data.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/evaluating-impact-different-sequence-databases-metaproteome-analysis-insights-labassembled-microbial", "reader_count"=>69, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Researcher"=>21, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>5, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>19, "Student > Postgraduate"=>5, "Student > Master"=>1, "Other"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>6, "Lecturer"=>2, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Researcher"=>21, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>5, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>19, "Student > Postgraduate"=>5, "Student > Master"=>1, "Other"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>6, "Lecturer"=>2, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>5, "Engineering"=>1, "Environmental Science"=>2, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>13, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>34, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>3, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>1, "Chemistry"=>2, "Computer Science"=>4, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>2, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>1}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>3}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>2}, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>{"Immunology and Microbiology"=>2}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>34}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>4}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>13}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>5}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>2}, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>{"Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"United States"=>1, "Brazil"=>2, "United Kingdom"=>1, "Italy"=>2, "Germany"=>2, "Russia"=>1}, "group_count"=>2}

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Figshare

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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1307575"], "description"=>"<p>Histograms showing the number of families (top), genera (middle) and species (bottom) detected upon Unipept (left) or MEGAN (right) LCA analysis using different DBs, before and after the application of a filter based on the number of taxon-specific peptides (u, unfiltered; f, filtered). The threshold was set to 0.5% of the overall number of peptides unambiguously assigned to a taxon at a particular taxonomic rank level (family, genus or species). Correct and incorrect attributions are represented in green and red, respectively. The light blue lines and numbers correspond to the number of families, genera or species actually present in the 9MM.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["taxonomic", "attribution"], "article_id"=>871684, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Alessandro Tanca", "Antonio Palomba", "Massimo Deligios", "Tiziana Cubeddu", "Cristina Fraumene", "Grazia Biosa", "Daniela Pagnozzi", "Maria Filippa Addis", "Sergio Uzzau"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0082981.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>20, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Improvement_of_the_reliability_of_taxonomic_attribution_upon_data_filtering_/871684", "title"=>"Improvement of the reliability of taxonomic attribution upon data filtering.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-12-09 02:49:32"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1307576"], "description"=>"<p>Database used for peptide identification from MS spectra.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["peptide", "ms"], "article_id"=>871685, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Alessandro Tanca", "Antonio Palomba", "Massimo Deligios", "Tiziana Cubeddu", "Cristina Fraumene", "Grazia Biosa", "Daniela Pagnozzi", "Maria Filippa Addis", "Sergio Uzzau"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0082981.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>6, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Database_used_for_peptide_identification_from_MS_spectra_/871685", "title"=>"Database used for peptide identification from MS spectra.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-12-09 02:49:32"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1307577"], "description"=>"<p>Microorganisms used in this study.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>[], "article_id"=>871686, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Alessandro Tanca", "Antonio Palomba", "Massimo Deligios", "Tiziana Cubeddu", "Cristina Fraumene", "Grazia Biosa", "Daniela Pagnozzi", "Maria Filippa Addis", "Sergio Uzzau"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0082981.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Microorganisms_used_in_this_study_/871686", "title"=>"Microorganisms used in this study.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2013-12-09 02:49:32"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1307580", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1307581", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1307582", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1307583", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1307584", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1307585"], "description"=>"<div><p>Metaproteomics enables the investigation of the protein repertoire expressed by complex microbial communities. However, to unleash its full potential, refinements in bioinformatic approaches for data analysis are still needed. In this context, sequence databases selection represents a major challenge.</p><p>This work assessed the impact of different databases in metaproteomic investigations by using a mock microbial mixture including nine diverse bacterial and eukaryotic species, which was subjected to shotgun metaproteomic analysis. Then, both the microbial mixture and the single microorganisms were subjected to next generation sequencing to obtain experimental metagenomic- and genomic-derived databases, which were used along with public databases (namely, NCBI, UniProtKB/SwissProt and UniProtKB/TrEMBL, parsed at different taxonomic levels) to analyze the metaproteomic dataset. First, a quantitative comparison in terms of number and overlap of peptide identifications was carried out among all databases. As a result, only 35% of peptides were common to all database classes; moreover, genus/species-specific databases provided up to 17% more identifications compared to databases with generic taxonomy, while the metagenomic database enabled a slight increment in respect to public databases. Then, database behavior in terms of false discovery rate and peptide degeneracy was critically evaluated. Public databases with generic taxonomy exhibited a markedly different trend compared to the counterparts. Finally, the reliability of taxonomic attribution according to the lowest common ancestor approach (using MEGAN and Unipept software) was assessed. The level of misassignments varied among the different databases, and specific thresholds based on the number of taxon-specific peptides were established to minimize false positives. This study confirms that database selection has a significant impact in metaproteomics, and provides critical indications for improving depth and reliability of metaproteomic results. Specifically, the use of iterative searches and of suitable filters for taxonomic assignments is proposed with the aim of increasing coverage and trustworthiness of metaproteomic data.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["databases", "metaproteome", "insights", "lab-assembled", "microbial"], "article_id"=>871689, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Alessandro Tanca", "Antonio Palomba", "Massimo Deligios", "Tiziana Cubeddu", "Cristina Fraumene", "Grazia Biosa", "Daniela Pagnozzi", "Maria Filippa Addis", "Sergio Uzzau"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0082981.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0082981.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0082981.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0082981.s004", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0082981.s005", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0082981.s006"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>33, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Evaluating_the_Impact_of_Different_Sequence_Databases_on_Metaproteome_Analysis_Insights_from_a_Lab_Assembled_Microbial_Mixture_/871689", "title"=>"Evaluating the Impact of Different Sequence Databases on Metaproteome Analysis: Insights from a Lab-Assembled Microbial Mixture", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2013-12-09 02:49:32"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1307564"], "description"=>"<p>A) Experimental design. B) Database classes examined.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>[], "article_id"=>871673, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Alessandro Tanca", "Antonio Palomba", "Massimo Deligios", "Tiziana Cubeddu", "Cristina Fraumene", "Grazia Biosa", "Daniela Pagnozzi", "Maria Filippa Addis", "Sergio Uzzau"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0082981.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Schematic_illustration_of_the_study_workflow_/871673", "title"=>"Schematic illustration of the study workflow.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-12-09 02:49:32"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1307566"], "description"=>"<p>A) Number of peptide sequences (left) and peptide-spectrum matches (PSMs, right) identified in the 9MM using different sequence databases (FDR<1%). B) Left, Venn diagram illustrating the peptide distribution among four different DB classes. Center, Venn diagram illustrating the peptide distribution among all NCBI-, TrEMBL- and SwissProt-based DBs used in this study. Right, Venn diagram illustrating the peptide distribution among all DBs with generic microbial taxonomy (BFV), genus-specific taxonomy (G), and species-specific taxonomy (S).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["metaproteomic"], "article_id"=>871675, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Alessandro Tanca", "Antonio Palomba", "Massimo Deligios", "Tiziana Cubeddu", "Cristina Fraumene", "Grazia Biosa", "Daniela Pagnozzi", "Maria Filippa Addis", "Sergio Uzzau"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0082981.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Comparison_of_metaproteomic_data_obtained_with_different_databases_/871675", "title"=>"Comparison of metaproteomic data obtained with different databases.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-12-09 02:49:32"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1307569"], "description"=>"<p>A) Diagram plotting the number of peptides (left) and PSMs (right) identified with each database as a function of FDR thresholds based on the Percolator <i>q</i>-values. B) Bar graph showing the percentage increment in peptide (left) and PSM (right) identifications achieved with each database when increasing the FDR threshold from 1 to 5%. C) Bar graph illustrating the percentage of shared peptides (left) and PSMs (right) identified with each database at FDR<1%.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["fdr", "peptide", "degeneracy"], "article_id"=>871678, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Alessandro Tanca", "Antonio Palomba", "Massimo Deligios", "Tiziana Cubeddu", "Cristina Fraumene", "Grazia Biosa", "Daniela Pagnozzi", "Maria Filippa Addis", "Sergio Uzzau"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0082981.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Evaluation_of_FDR_behavior_and_peptide_degeneracy_using_different_databases_/871678", "title"=>"Evaluation of FDR behavior and peptide degeneracy using different databases.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2013-12-09 02:49:32"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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Relative Metric

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