First Clarkforkian Equivalent Land Mammal Age in the Latest Paleocene Basal Sparnacian Facies of Europe: Fauna, Flora, Paleoenvironment and (Bio)stratigraphy
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{"title"=>"First Clarkforkian equivalent land mammal age in the latest Paleocene basal Sparnacian facies of Europe: Fauna, flora, paleoenvironment and (bio)stratigraphy", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Thierry", "last_name"=>"Smith", "scopus_author_id"=>"12544697500"}, {"first_name"=>"Florence", "last_name"=>"Quesnel", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603393315"}, {"first_name"=>"Gaël", "last_name"=>"De Plöeg", "scopus_author_id"=>"6602927785"}, {"first_name"=>"Dario", "last_name"=>"De Franceschi", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603356135"}, {"first_name"=>"Grégoire", "last_name"=>"Métais", "scopus_author_id"=>"12239546400"}, {"first_name"=>"Eric", "last_name"=>"De Bast", "scopus_author_id"=>"35603256800"}, {"first_name"=>"Floréal", "last_name"=>"Solé", "scopus_author_id"=>"34067821900"}, {"first_name"=>"Annelise", "last_name"=>"Folie", "scopus_author_id"=>"13404990400"}, {"first_name"=>"Anaïs", "last_name"=>"Boura", "scopus_author_id"=>"23033280200"}, {"first_name"=>"Julien", "last_name"=>"Claude", "scopus_author_id"=>"7102687004"}, {"first_name"=>"Christian", "last_name"=>"Dupuis", "scopus_author_id"=>"8338276800"}, {"first_name"=>"Cyril", "last_name"=>"Gagnaison", "scopus_author_id"=>"36019998200"}, {"first_name"=>"Alina", "last_name"=>"Iakovleva", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004699740"}, {"first_name"=>"Jeremy", "last_name"=>"Martin", "scopus_author_id"=>"23100252300"}, {"first_name"=>"François", "last_name"=>"Maubert", "scopus_author_id"=>"56158059800"}, {"first_name"=>"Judicaël", "last_name"=>"Prieur", "scopus_author_id"=>"56156980800"}, {"first_name"=>"Emile", "last_name"=>"Roche", "scopus_author_id"=>"7005472857"}, {"first_name"=>"Jean Yves", "last_name"=>"Storme", "scopus_author_id"=>"36665352500"}, {"first_name"=>"Romain", "last_name"=>"Thomas", "scopus_author_id"=>"55481837200"}, {"first_name"=>"Haiyan", "last_name"=>"Tong", "scopus_author_id"=>"7201359793"}, {"first_name"=>"Johan", "last_name"=>"Yans", "scopus_author_id"=>"6602491917"}, {"first_name"=>"Eric", "last_name"=>"Buffetaut", "scopus_author_id"=>"7005348413"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"373070573", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0086229", "pmid"=>"24489703", "sgr"=>"84899751565", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84899751565", "isbn"=>"1932-6203"}, "id"=>"7bde2855-2564-3021-b049-2e24a5fd83b3", "abstract"=>"The Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum (PETM) is correlated with the first occurrences of earliest modern mammals in the Northern Hemisphere. The latest Paleocene Clarkforkian North American Land Mammal Age, that has yielded rodents and carnivorans, is the only exception to this rule. However, until now no pre-PETM localities have yielded modern mammals in Europe or Asia. We report the first Clarkforkian equivalent Land Mammal Age in the latest Paleocene deposits of the basal Sparnacian facies at Rivecourt, in the north-central part of the Paris Basin. The new terrestrial vertebrate and macroflora assemblages are analyzed through a multidisciplinary study including sedimentologic, stratigraphic, isotopic, and palynological aspects in order to reconstruct the paleoenvironment and to evaluate biochronologic and paleogeographic implications. The mammals are moderately diverse and not abundant, contrary to turtles and champsosaurs. The macroflora is exceptional in preservation and diversity with numerous angiosperms represented by flowers, fruits, seeds and wood preserved as lignite material, revealing an abundance of Arecaceae, Betulaceae, Icacinaceae, Menispermaceae, Vitaceae and probably Cornaceae. Results indicate a Late Paleocene age based on carbon isotope data, palynology and vertebrate occurrences such as the choristoderan Champsosaurus, the arctocyonid Arctocyon, and the plesiadapid Plesiadapis tricuspidens. However, several mammal species compare better with the earliest Eocene. Among these, the particular louisinid Teilhardimys musculus, also recorded from the latest Paleocene of the Spanish Pyrenees, suggests a younger age than the typical MP6 reference level. Nevertheless, the most important aspect of the Rivecourt fauna is the presence of dental remains of a rodent and a \"miacid\" carnivoran, attesting to the presence of two modern mammalian orders in the latest Paleocene of Europe. Interestingly, these two groups are also the only modern groups recorded from the latest Paleocene of North America, making Rivecourt the first direct equivalent to the Clarkforkian Land Mammal Age outside of North America.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/first-clarkforkian-equivalent-land-mammal-age-latest-paleocene-basal-sparnacian-facies-europe-fauna", "reader_count"=>34, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>4, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>3, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>4, "Researcher"=>4, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>7, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>5, "Other"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>4, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>3, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>4, "Researcher"=>4, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>7, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>5, "Other"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>5, "Environmental Science"=>3, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>11, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>1, "Chemistry"=>1, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>13}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>1}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>1}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>13}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>11}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>5}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>3}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Chile"=>1, "Germany"=>1}, "group_count"=>0}

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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1366288"], "description"=>"<p>Situation below the extracted Oise alluvium during the field work in summer 2009.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Anatomy and physiology", "Comparative anatomy", "Zoology", "Mammalogy", "marine and aquatic sciences", "Marine geology", "sediment", "Paleontology", "biogeography", "Biostratigraphy", "paleobiology", "paleoecology", "taphonomy", "Vertebrate paleontology", "petit", "quarry"], "article_id"=>917922, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Thierry Smith", "Florence Quesnel", "Gaël De Plöeg", "Dario De Franceschi", "Grégoire Métais", "Eric De Bast", "Floréal Solé", "Annelise Folie", "Anaïs Boura", "Julien Claude", "Christian Dupuis", "Cyril Gagnaison", "Alina Iakovleva", "Jeremy Martin", "François Maubert", "Judicaël Prieur", "Emile Roche", "Jean-Yves Storme", "Romain Thomas", "Haiyan Tong", "Johan Yans", "Eric Buffetaut"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0086229.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>33, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Geological_map_of_the_Petit_P_226_tis_Quarry_in_Rivecourt_/917922", "title"=>"Geological map of the Petit Pâtis Quarry in Rivecourt.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-01-29 03:43:59"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1366296"], "description"=>"<p>Sedimentologic log of the composite section, photos of the main facies, stratigraphic data, position of the subsections studied, samples collected, fauna and flora studied, and δ<sup>13</sup>Corg curve. The person in the picture is one of the authors of the present paper (GDP).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Anatomy and physiology", "Comparative anatomy", "Zoology", "Mammalogy", "marine and aquatic sciences", "Marine geology", "sediment", "Paleontology", "biogeography", "Biostratigraphy", "paleobiology", "paleoecology", "taphonomy", "Vertebrate paleontology", "carbon", "isotopes", "dispersed", "petit", "quarry"], "article_id"=>917930, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Thierry Smith", "Florence Quesnel", "Gaël De Plöeg", "Dario De Franceschi", "Grégoire Métais", "Eric De Bast", "Floréal Solé", "Annelise Folie", "Anaïs Boura", "Julien Claude", "Christian Dupuis", "Cyril Gagnaison", "Alina Iakovleva", "Jeremy Martin", "François Maubert", "Judicaël Prieur", "Emile Roche", "Jean-Yves Storme", "Romain Thomas", "Haiyan Tong", "Johan Yans", "Eric Buffetaut"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0086229.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>18, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Lithostratigraphy_and_carbon_isotopes_on_dispersed_organic_carbon_of_the_Petit_P_226_tis_Quarry_in_Rivecourt_/917930", "title"=>"Lithostratigraphy and carbon isotopes on dispersed organic carbon of the Petit Pâtis Quarry in Rivecourt.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-01-29 03:43:59"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1366303"], "description"=>"<p>(A) Lauraceae, cupule RIV.PPB 1, <i>Litsea pyriformis</i> Reid & Chandler; (B–D) Arecaceae (B) RIV.PPB 2, <i>Palmospermum excavatum</i> R. & C.; (C) RIV.PPB 3, <i>Phoenix</i> sp.; (D) RIV.PPB 4, <i>Oncosperma anglica</i> R. & C.; (E) Schisandraceae, fruit RIV.PPB 5, <i>Schisandra</i> sp; (F–G) Menispermaceae, endocarps (F) RIV.PPB 6, <i>Wardensheppeya davisii</i> (Chandler) Eyde, (G) RIV.PPB 7, <i>Stephania</i> sp.; (H–I) Vitaceae, seeds (H) RIV.PPB 8, <i>Ampelocissus</i> sp., (I) RIV.PPB 9, <i>Vitis</i> sp.; (J) RIV.PPB 10, <i>Juglandicarya</i> R. & C.; (K–M) Betulaceae, fruits cf. <i>Palaeocarpinus</i> sp.; (K) RIV.PPB 11, view of the two sides of the same fruit, (L) RIV.PPB 12, a different fruit showing a thinner base; (M) RIV.PPB 13, inner part of an open fruit; (N) ?Fabaceae RIV.PPB 14, seed fragment; (O) Fabaceae RIV.PPB 15, seed with attached arillode; (P) Euphorbiaceae, fruit RIV.PPB 16, <i>Euphorbiotheca</i> sp.; (Q) Anacadiaceae, endocarp RIV.PPB 17, aff. <i>Lannea</i> sp.; (R–T) Icacinaceae, endocarps (R–S) RIV.PPB 18, <i>Iodes</i> cf. <i>multireticulata</i> R. & C. in lateral and base views; (T) RIV.PPB 19, <i>Iodes</i> sp. 1; (U) ?Lamideae, fruit RIV.PPB 20, <i>Carpolites</i> sp. 1; (V) ?Cornaceae/?Mastixiaceae, fruit RIV.PPB 21, <i>Carpolites</i> sp.2. All figures, scale bars = 1 mm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Anatomy and physiology", "Comparative anatomy", "Zoology", "Mammalogy", "marine and aquatic sciences", "Marine geology", "sediment", "Paleontology", "biogeography", "Biostratigraphy", "paleobiology", "paleoecology", "taphonomy", "Vertebrate paleontology", "latest", "paleocene", "petit", "quarry"], "article_id"=>917937, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Thierry Smith", "Florence Quesnel", "Gaël De Plöeg", "Dario De Franceschi", "Grégoire Métais", "Eric De Bast", "Floréal Solé", "Annelise Folie", "Anaïs Boura", "Julien Claude", "Christian Dupuis", "Cyril Gagnaison", "Alina Iakovleva", "Jeremy Martin", "François Maubert", "Judicaël Prieur", "Emile Roche", "Jean-Yves Storme", "Romain Thomas", "Haiyan Tong", "Johan Yans", "Eric Buffetaut"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0086229.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>29, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Macroflora_from_the_latest_Paleocene_of_the_Petit_P_226_tis_quarry_in_Rivecourt_/917937", "title"=>"Macroflora from the latest Paleocene of the Petit Pâtis quarry in Rivecourt.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-01-29 03:43:59"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1366304"], "description"=>"<p>Proportions are calculated on the basis of the absolute number of P4 to M3 and p4 to m3 of each taxon with the exception of the rodent and largest plesiadapid <i>Platychoerops</i> sp. (* a single incisor for each).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Anatomy and physiology", "Comparative anatomy", "Zoology", "Mammalogy", "marine and aquatic sciences", "Marine geology", "sediment", "Paleontology", "biogeography", "Biostratigraphy", "paleobiology", "paleoecology", "taphonomy", "Vertebrate paleontology", "mammal", "groups"], "article_id"=>917938, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Thierry Smith", "Florence Quesnel", "Gaël De Plöeg", "Dario De Franceschi", "Grégoire Métais", "Eric De Bast", "Floréal Solé", "Annelise Folie", "Anaïs Boura", "Julien Claude", "Christian Dupuis", "Cyril Gagnaison", "Alina Iakovleva", "Jeremy Martin", "François Maubert", "Judicaël Prieur", "Emile Roche", "Jean-Yves Storme", "Romain Thomas", "Haiyan Tong", "Johan Yans", "Eric Buffetaut"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0086229.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>37, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Diversity_of_the_mammal_groups_present_in_Rivecourt_/917938", "title"=>"Diversity of the mammal groups present in Rivecourt.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-01-29 03:43:59"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1366305"], "description"=>"<p>(A–I) Plesiadapid plesiadapiforms <i>Plesiadapis tricuspidens</i> (A–B) RIV.PPV 690, right dentary fragment with m2-3 in (A) occlusal and (B) labial views; (C) RIV.PPV 642, M1 and (D) RIV.PPV 564, M2 in occlusal views; (E) RIV.PPV 570, I1 in posterior view; <i>Chiromyoides</i> sp. RIV.PPV 682, left dentary fragment with m3 in (F) occlusal and (G) labial views; (H) RIV.PPV 574, I1 in posterior view; (I) <i>Platychoerops</i> sp. RIV.PPV 707, I1 in posterior view; (J–L) Arctocyonid procreodi <i>Arctocyon</i> cf. <i>primaevus</i> RIV.PPV 706, right m1 in (J) occlusal and (K) labial views and <i>Landenodon</i> cf. <i>woutersi</i> RIV.PPV 674, left M2 in (L) occlusal view; (M–O) New unidentified “condylarth”, RIV.PPV 702, left M1or M2 in (M) occlusal view, RIV.PPV 701, right m1 or m2 in (N) occlusal and (O) labial views; (P) New pleuraspidotheriid “condylarth” RIV.PPV 694, right maxillary fragment with M1-2 in occlusal view; (Q–T) Louisinid “condylarths” cf. <i>Walbeckodon</i> sp. RIV.PPV 678, left dentary fragment with m2-3 in (Q) occlusal and (R) labial views and <i>Teilhardimys musculus</i> RIV.PPV 641, right dentary fragment with p4-m2 in (S) occlusal and (T) labial views; (U) Unidentified rodent RIV.PPV 673, right I1 in labial view, (V–W) “Miacid” carnivoran <i>Vassacyon</i> sp. nov. RIV.PPV 704, left dentary fragment with p4-m2 in (V) occlusal and (W) labial views.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Anatomy and physiology", "Comparative anatomy", "Zoology", "Mammalogy", "marine and aquatic sciences", "Marine geology", "sediment", "Paleontology", "biogeography", "Biostratigraphy", "paleobiology", "paleoecology", "taphonomy", "Vertebrate paleontology", "latest", "paleocene", "petit", "quarry"], "article_id"=>917939, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Thierry Smith", "Florence Quesnel", "Gaël De Plöeg", "Dario De Franceschi", "Grégoire Métais", "Eric De Bast", "Floréal Solé", "Annelise Folie", "Anaïs Boura", "Julien Claude", "Christian Dupuis", "Cyril Gagnaison", "Alina Iakovleva", "Jeremy Martin", "François Maubert", "Judicaël Prieur", "Emile Roche", "Jean-Yves Storme", "Romain Thomas", "Haiyan Tong", "Johan Yans", "Eric Buffetaut"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0086229.g006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>33, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Mammals_from_the_latest_Paleocene_of_the_Petit_P_226_tis_quarry_in_Rivecourt_/917939", "title"=>"Mammals from the latest Paleocene of the Petit Pâtis quarry in Rivecourt.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-01-29 03:43:59"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1366306"], "description"=>"<p>(A) Ambystomatoid caudate RIV.PPV 397, vertebra; (B) Boid snake RIV.PPV 478, vertebra; (C) Amphisbaenid lizard <i>Camptognathosaurus parisiensis</i> RIV.PPV 412, dentary; (D) Scincomorph lizard RIV.PPV 416, dentary, (E–G) Anguid lizard (E) RIV.PPV 441, vertebra; (F) RIV.PPV 423, osteoderm and (G) RIV.PPV 417, dentary; (H) Choristoderan <i>Champsosaurus</i> sp. RIV.PPV 708, posterior dorsal vertebra; (I–K) Crocodyloid cf. “<i>Crocodylus</i>” <i>depressifrons</i> (I) RIV.PPV 709, dorsal vertebra, (J–K) RIV.PPV 29, anterior part of left dentary; (L–O) Pleurosternid turtle <i>Berruchelus russelli</i> (L) RIV.PPV 712, peripheral, (M) RIV.PPV 713, neural, (N) RIV.PPV 714, costal and RIV.PPV 715, entoplastron plates; (P–Q) Macrobaenid turtle RIV.PPV 711, peripheral plate in (P) ventral and (Q) dorsal views; (R–S) presumably primitive turtle RIV.PPV 710, peripheral plate in (R) ventral and (S) dorsal views; (T–U) Trionychid turtle 2<sup>nd</sup> species (T) RIV.PPV 716, pleural and (U) RIV.PPV 717, neural plates; (V) “Palaeognath” bird RIV.PPV 718, vertebra.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Anatomy and physiology", "Comparative anatomy", "Zoology", "Mammalogy", "marine and aquatic sciences", "Marine geology", "sediment", "Paleontology", "biogeography", "Biostratigraphy", "paleobiology", "paleoecology", "taphonomy", "Vertebrate paleontology", "vertebrates", "latest", "paleocene", "petit", "quarry"], "article_id"=>917940, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Thierry Smith", "Florence Quesnel", "Gaël De Plöeg", "Dario De Franceschi", "Grégoire Métais", "Eric De Bast", "Floréal Solé", "Annelise Folie", "Anaïs Boura", "Julien Claude", "Christian Dupuis", "Cyril Gagnaison", "Alina Iakovleva", "Jeremy Martin", "François Maubert", "Judicaël Prieur", "Emile Roche", "Jean-Yves Storme", "Romain Thomas", "Haiyan Tong", "Johan Yans", "Eric Buffetaut"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0086229.g007", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>21, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Other_vertebrates_from_the_latest_Paleocene_of_the_Petit_P_226_tis_quarry_in_Rivecourt_/917940", "title"=>"Other vertebrates from the latest Paleocene of the Petit Pâtis quarry in Rivecourt.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-01-29 03:43:59"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1366307"], "description"=>"<p>Note the first appearances of Rodentia and “Miacidae” (blue block) in Clarkforkian and MP6b Rivecourt faunas, and that of Hyaenodontida, Perissodactyla, Artiodactyla and Primates (green block) in Wasatchian and Neustrian. These latter appearances coincide with the PETM. The brown block corresponds to typical Paleocene groups. The red block includes typical North American Paleocene mammals that are only known in Europe after Paleocene-Eocene boundary. NALMA are from Woodburne et al <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0086229#pone.0086229-Woodburne1\" target=\"_blank\">[99]</a>. Ocean temperature is after Zachos et al. <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0086229#pone.0086229-Zachos1\" target=\"_blank\">[100]</a>. Other placental taxa* = Condylarthra, Lipotyphla, Procreodi, Pantolesta, and Mesonychia. Ri. = Rivecourt; ? = incertitude concerning the first appearance (mammal taxa) and/or the precise age of the fossil locality.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Anatomy and physiology", "Comparative anatomy", "Zoology", "Mammalogy", "marine and aquatic sciences", "Marine geology", "sediment", "Paleontology", "biogeography", "Biostratigraphy", "paleobiology", "paleoecology", "taphonomy", "Vertebrate paleontology", "ranges", "mammalian", "groups", "american", "european", "mammal"], "article_id"=>917941, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Thierry Smith", "Florence Quesnel", "Gaël De Plöeg", "Dario De Franceschi", "Grégoire Métais", "Eric De Bast", "Floréal Solé", "Annelise Folie", "Anaïs Boura", "Julien Claude", "Christian Dupuis", "Cyril Gagnaison", "Alina Iakovleva", "Jeremy Martin", "François Maubert", "Judicaël Prieur", "Emile Roche", "Jean-Yves Storme", "Romain Thomas", "Haiyan Tong", "Johan Yans", "Eric Buffetaut"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0086229.g008", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>137, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Stratigraphic_ranges_of_mammalian_groups_and_correlation_of_North_American_and_European_Land_mammal_Ages_/917941", "title"=>"Stratigraphic ranges of mammalian groups and correlation of North American and European Land mammal Ages.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-01-29 03:43:59"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1366308"], "description"=>"<p>Preliminary list of plants (macro-flora) in the Rivecourt assemblage.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Anatomy and physiology", "Comparative anatomy", "Zoology", "Mammalogy", "marine and aquatic sciences", "Marine geology", "sediment", "Paleontology", "biogeography", "Biostratigraphy", "paleobiology", "paleoecology", "taphonomy", "Vertebrate paleontology", "plants", "rivecourt"], "article_id"=>917942, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Thierry Smith", "Florence Quesnel", "Gaël De Plöeg", "Dario De Franceschi", "Grégoire Métais", "Eric De Bast", "Floréal Solé", "Annelise Folie", "Anaïs Boura", "Julien Claude", "Christian Dupuis", "Cyril Gagnaison", "Alina Iakovleva", "Jeremy Martin", "François Maubert", "Judicaël Prieur", "Emile Roche", "Jean-Yves Storme", "Romain Thomas", "Haiyan Tong", "Johan Yans", "Eric Buffetaut"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0086229.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>29, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Preliminary_list_of_plants_macro_flora_in_the_Rivecourt_assemblage_/917942", "title"=>"Preliminary list of plants (macro-flora) in the Rivecourt assemblage.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-01-29 03:43:59"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1366309"], "description"=>"<p>VL: Variation limits, s: standard deviation.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Anatomy and physiology", "Comparative anatomy", "Zoology", "Mammalogy", "marine and aquatic sciences", "Marine geology", "sediment", "Paleontology", "biogeography", "Biostratigraphy", "paleobiology", "paleoecology", "taphonomy", "Vertebrate paleontology", "variability", "i1", "m3", "plesiadapid"], "article_id"=>917943, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Thierry Smith", "Florence Quesnel", "Gaël De Plöeg", "Dario De Franceschi", "Grégoire Métais", "Eric De Bast", "Floréal Solé", "Annelise Folie", "Anaïs Boura", "Julien Claude", "Christian Dupuis", "Cyril Gagnaison", "Alina Iakovleva", "Jeremy Martin", "François Maubert", "Judicaël Prieur", "Emile Roche", "Jean-Yves Storme", "Romain Thomas", "Haiyan Tong", "Johan Yans", "Eric Buffetaut"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0086229.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>11, "page_views"=>40, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Size_and_variability_of_I1_and_m3_in_different_key_plesiadapid_species_/917943", "title"=>"Size and variability of I1 and m3 in different key plesiadapid species.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-01-29 03:43:59"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1366310"], "description"=>"<p>Preliminary list of vertebrates in the Rivecourt assemblage.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Anatomy and physiology", "Comparative anatomy", "Zoology", "Mammalogy", "marine and aquatic sciences", "Marine geology", "sediment", "Paleontology", "biogeography", "Biostratigraphy", "paleobiology", "paleoecology", "taphonomy", "Vertebrate paleontology", "vertebrates", "rivecourt"], "article_id"=>917944, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Thierry Smith", "Florence Quesnel", "Gaël De Plöeg", "Dario De Franceschi", "Grégoire Métais", "Eric De Bast", "Floréal Solé", "Annelise Folie", "Anaïs Boura", "Julien Claude", "Christian Dupuis", "Cyril Gagnaison", "Alina Iakovleva", "Jeremy Martin", "François Maubert", "Judicaël Prieur", "Emile Roche", "Jean-Yves Storme", "Romain Thomas", "Haiyan Tong", "Johan Yans", "Eric Buffetaut"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0086229.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>6, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Preliminary_list_of_vertebrates_in_the_Rivecourt_assemblage_/917944", "title"=>"Preliminary list of vertebrates in the Rivecourt assemblage.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-01-29 03:43:59"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1366331", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1366332", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1366334", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1366335", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1366336"], "description"=>"<div><p>The Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum (PETM) is correlated with the first occurrences of earliest modern mammals in the Northern Hemisphere. The latest Paleocene Clarkforkian North American Land Mammal Age, that has yielded rodents and carnivorans, is the only exception to this rule. However, until now no pre-PETM localities have yielded modern mammals in Europe or Asia. We report the first Clarkforkian equivalent Land Mammal Age in the latest Paleocene deposits of the basal Sparnacian facies at Rivecourt, in the north-central part of the Paris Basin. The new terrestrial vertebrate and macroflora assemblages are analyzed through a multidisciplinary study including sedimentologic, stratigraphic, isotopic, and palynological aspects in order to reconstruct the paleoenvironment and to evaluate biochronologic and paleogeographic implications. The mammals are moderately diverse and not abundant, contrary to turtles and champsosaurs. The macroflora is exceptional in preservation and diversity with numerous angiosperms represented by flowers, fruits, seeds and wood preserved as lignite material, revealing an abundance of Arecaceae, Betulaceae, Icacinaceae, Menispermaceae, Vitaceae and probably Cornaceae. <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0086229#s2\" target=\"_blank\">Results</a> indicate a Late Paleocene age based on carbon isotope data, palynology and vertebrate occurrences such as the choristoderan <i>Champsosaurus</i>, the arctocyonid <i>Arctocyon</i>, and the plesiadapid <i>Plesiadapis tricuspidens</i>. However, several mammal species compare better with the earliest Eocene. Among these, the particular louisinid <i>Teilhardimys musculus</i>, also recorded from the latest Paleocene of the Spanish Pyrenees, suggests a younger age than the typical MP6 reference level. Nevertheless, the most important aspect of the Rivecourt fauna is the presence of dental remains of a rodent and a “miacid” carnivoran, attesting to the presence of two modern mammalian orders in the latest Paleocene of Europe. Interestingly, these two groups are also the only modern groups recorded from the latest Paleocene of North America, making Rivecourt the first direct equivalent to the Clarkforkian Land Mammal Age outside of North America.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Anatomy and physiology", "Comparative anatomy", "Zoology", "Mammalogy", "marine and aquatic sciences", "Marine geology", "sediment", "Paleontology", "biogeography", "Biostratigraphy", "paleobiology", "paleoecology", "taphonomy", "Vertebrate paleontology", "clarkforkian", "mammal", "latest", "paleocene", "basal", "sparnacian", "facies", "paleoenvironment"], "article_id"=>917950, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Thierry Smith", "Florence Quesnel", "Gaël De Plöeg", "Dario De Franceschi", "Grégoire Métais", "Eric De Bast", "Floréal Solé", "Annelise Folie", "Anaïs Boura", "Julien Claude", "Christian Dupuis", "Cyril Gagnaison", "Alina Iakovleva", "Jeremy Martin", "François Maubert", "Judicaël Prieur", "Emile Roche", "Jean-Yves Storme", "Romain Thomas", "Haiyan Tong", "Johan Yans", "Eric Buffetaut"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0086229.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0086229.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0086229.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0086229.s004", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0086229.s005"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>20, "page_views"=>17, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_First_Clarkforkian_Equivalent_Land_Mammal_Age_in_the_Latest_Paleocene_Basal_Sparnacian_Facies_of_Europe_Fauna_Flora_Paleoenvironment_and_Bio_stratigraphy_/917950", "title"=>"First Clarkforkian Equivalent Land Mammal Age in the Latest Paleocene Basal Sparnacian Facies of Europe: Fauna, Flora, Paleoenvironment and (Bio)stratigraphy", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2014-01-29 03:43:59"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1366285"], "description"=>"<p>(A) Simplified geological map (cf. pink rectangle on the geographical sketch) redrawn from the BRGM geological maps on 1/50,000 scale modified, Compiègne (N°104, <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0086229#pone.0086229-Blondeau2\" target=\"_blank\">[90]</a>), Attichy (N°105, <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0086229#pone.0086229-Solau1\" target=\"_blank\">[91]</a>), Villers-Côterêts (N°129, <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0086229#pone.0086229-Gurin1\" target=\"_blank\">[92]</a>), Senlis (N°128, <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0086229#pone.0086229-Pomerol1\" target=\"_blank\">[93]</a>), Creil (N°127, <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0086229#pone.0086229-Cavelier2\" target=\"_blank\">[94]</a>), Clermont (N° 103, <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0086229#pone.0086229-Blondeau3\" target=\"_blank\">[95]</a>), Saint-Just-en-Chaussée <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0086229#pone.0086229-Blondeau4\" target=\"_blank\">[96]</a>, Montdidier (N°81, <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0086229#pone.0086229-Blondeau5\" target=\"_blank\">[97]</a>) and Chauny (N° 82, <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0086229#pone.0086229-Solau2\" target=\"_blank\">[98]</a>) showing the stratigraphic relationship and structural setting. (B) Geological cross section, drawn from the BRGM 1/50,000 geological maps of Compiègne (N°104, <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0086229#pone.0086229-Blondeau2\" target=\"_blank\">[90]</a>) to the North and Senlis (N°128, <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0086229#pone.0086229-Pomerol1\" target=\"_blank\">[93]</a>) to the South. Elevation is given in meters above sea level and the thick dotted lines correspond to the lignitic beds of the Upper Thanetian “Sables Ligniteux Supérieurs” and the first “Sparnacian” units.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Anatomy and physiology", "Comparative anatomy", "Zoology", "Mammalogy", "marine and aquatic sciences", "Marine geology", "sediment", "Paleontology", "biogeography", "Biostratigraphy", "paleobiology", "paleoecology", "taphonomy", "Vertebrate paleontology", "petit", "quarry", "geological", "rivecourt", "houdancourt", "fossiliferous"], "article_id"=>917919, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Thierry Smith", "Florence Quesnel", "Gaël De Plöeg", "Dario De Franceschi", "Grégoire Métais", "Eric De Bast", "Floréal Solé", "Annelise Folie", "Anaïs Boura", "Julien Claude", "Christian Dupuis", "Cyril Gagnaison", "Alina Iakovleva", "Jeremy Martin", "François Maubert", "Judicaël Prieur", "Emile Roche", "Jean-Yves Storme", "Romain Thomas", "Haiyan Tong", "Johan Yans", "Eric Buffetaut"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0086229.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>20, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Position_of_Petit_P_226_tis_Quarry_and_geological_setting_around_the_Rivecourt_and_Houdancourt_fossiliferous_sites_/917919", "title"=>"Position of Petit Pâtis Quarry and geological setting around the Rivecourt and Houdancourt fossiliferous sites.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-01-29 03:43:59"}

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Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2014-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2014-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences", "average_usage"=>[291]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Earth sciences", "average_usage"=>[318]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Earth sciences/Paleontology", "average_usage"=>[557, 890]}]}
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