The Effect of Medical Marijuana Laws on Crime: Evidence from State Panel Data, 1990-2006
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{"title"=>"The effect of medical marijuana laws on crime: Evidence from state panel data, 1990-2006", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Robert G.", "last_name"=>"Morris", "scopus_author_id"=>"24381893900"}, {"first_name"=>"Michael", "last_name"=>"TenEyck", "scopus_author_id"=>"55584781000"}, {"first_name"=>"J. C.", "last_name"=>"Barnes", "scopus_author_id"=>"26027742200"}, {"first_name"=>"Tomislav V.", "last_name"=>"Kovandzic", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603089998"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84899933531", "sgr"=>"84899933531", "pui"=>"373038494", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "pmid"=>"24671103", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0092816"}, "id"=>"98e302b1-67a6-3001-9c16-9fc7915583bd", "abstract"=>"BACKGROUND: Debate has surrounded the legalization of marijuana for medical purposes for decades. Some have argued medical marijuana legalization (MML) poses a threat to public health and safety, perhaps also affecting crime rates. In recent years, some U.S. states have legalized marijuana for medical purposes, reigniting political and public interest in the impact of marijuana legalization on a range of outcomes.\\n\\nMETHODS: Relying on U.S. state panel data, we analyzed the association between state MML and state crime rates for all Part I offenses collected by the FBI.\\n\\nFINDINGS: Results did not indicate a crime exacerbating effect of MML on any of the Part I offenses. Alternatively, state MML may be correlated with a reduction in homicide and assault rates, net of other covariates.\\n\\nCONCLUSIONS: These findings run counter to arguments suggesting the legalization of marijuana for medical purposes poses a danger to public health in terms of exposure to violent crime and property crimes.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/effect-medical-marijuana-laws-crime-evidence-state-panel-data-19902006-1", "reader_count"=>99, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>5, "Researcher"=>12, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>8, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>14, "Student > Postgraduate"=>7, "Student > Master"=>21, "Other"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>24, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>5, "Researcher"=>12, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>8, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>14, "Student > Postgraduate"=>7, "Student > Master"=>21, "Other"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>24, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>6, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>6, "Arts and Humanities"=>3, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>2, "Chemistry"=>1, "Computer Science"=>3, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>9, "Engineering"=>1, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>3, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>1, "Materials Science"=>1, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>21, "Neuroscience"=>2, "Sports and Recreations"=>2, "Psychology"=>8, "Social Sciences"=>30}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Materials Science"=>{"Materials Science"=>1}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>21}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>30}, "Sports and Recreations"=>{"Sports and Recreations"=>2}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>8}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>6}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>3}, "Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>1}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>1}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>2}, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>9}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>6}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>3}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>2}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>3}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"United States"=>3, "Brazil"=>2, "Spain"=>1}, "group_count"=>5}

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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1435966"], "description"=>"<p>Note: Descriptive statistics are for the 1990–2006 period. The data sources are noted in the text.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Clinical medicine", "health care", "Health care policy", "Drug policy", "pharmacology", "Behavioral pharmacology", "Recreational drug use", "Public and occupational health", "Law and legal sciences", "Criminal justice system", "Federal law", "State law"], "article_id"=>974954, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Robert G. Morris", "Michael TenEyck", "J. C. Barnes", "Tomislav V. Kovandzic"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0092816.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>6, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Summary_Statistics_/974954", "title"=>"Summary Statistics.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-03-26 02:49:12"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1435964"], "description"=>"<p>NOTE: Crime rates for states mandating MML after 1996 remained in the “Prior to Medical Marijuana” line until transition to MML.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Clinical medicine", "health care", "Health care policy", "Drug policy", "pharmacology", "Behavioral pharmacology", "Recreational drug use", "Public and occupational health", "Law and legal sciences", "Criminal justice system", "Federal law", "State law", "rates", "marijuana"], "article_id"=>974951, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Robert G. Morris", "Michael TenEyck", "J. C. Barnes", "Tomislav V. Kovandzic"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0092816.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>41, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Mean_State_Crime_Rates_as_a_Function_of_Year_by_Medical_Marijuana_Law_MML_/974951", "title"=>"Mean State Crime Rates as a Function of Year, by Medical Marijuana Law (MML).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-03-26 02:49:12"}

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Relative Metric

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