Emergence of Polymorphic Mating Strategies in Robot Colonies
Events
Loading … Spinner

Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Emergence of polymorphic mating strategies in robot colonies", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Stefan", "last_name"=>"Elfwing", "scopus_author_id"=>"16199609700"}, {"first_name"=>"Kenji", "last_name"=>"Doya", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004163287"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pmid"=>"24717898", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0093622", "sgr"=>"84899559882", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84899559882", "issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"372971456"}, "id"=>"18082700-3b59-3b46-9215-5b4c49e1804d", "abstract"=>"Polymorphism has fascinated evolutionary biologists since the time of Darwin. Biologists have observed discrete alternative mating strategies in many different species. In this study, we demonstrate that polymorphic mating strategies can emerge in a colony of hermaphrodite robots. We used a survival and reproduction task where the robots maintained their energy levels by capturing energy sources and physically exchanged genotypes for the reproduction of offspring. The reproductive success was dependent on the individuals' energy levels, which created a natural trade-off between the time invested in maintaining a high energy level and the time invested in attracting mating partners. We performed experiments in environments with different density of energy sources and observed a variety in the mating behavior when a robot could see both an energy source and a potential mating partner. The individuals could be classified into two phenotypes: 1) forager, who always chooses to capture energy sources, and 2) tracker, who keeps track of potential mating partners if its energy level is above a threshold. In four out of the seven highest fitness populations in different environments, we found subpopulations with distinct differences in genotype and in behavioral phenotype. We analyzed the fitnesses of the foragers and the trackers by sampling them from each subpopulation and mixing with different ratios in a population. The fitness curves for the two subpopulations crossed at about 25% of foragers in the population, showing the evolutionary stability of the polymorphism. In one of those polymorphic populations, the trackers were further split into two subpopulations: (strong trackers) and (weak trackers). Our analyses show that the population consisting of three phenotypes also constituted several stable polymorphic evolutionarily stable states. To our knowledge, our study is the first to demonstrate the emergence of polymorphic evolutionarily stable strategies within a robot evolution framework.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/emergence-polymorphic-mating-strategies-robot-colonies", "reader_count"=>26, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>6, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>8, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>6, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>6, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>8, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>6, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Engineering"=>2, "Environmental Science"=>1, "Mathematics"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>8, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>1, "Arts and Humanities"=>1, "Psychology"=>1, "Computer Science"=>9, "Energy"=>1, "Unspecified"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>2}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>1}, "Energy"=>{"Energy"=>1}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>8}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>9}, "Mathematics"=>{"Mathematics"=>1}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>1}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Canada"=>1, "United States"=>1, "Japan"=>1, "South Africa"=>1, "France"=>1, "Switzerland"=>1, "Costa Rica"=>1}, "group_count"=>1}

Scopus | Further Information

{"@_fa"=>"true", "link"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"self", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84899559882"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"author-affiliation", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84899559882?field=author,affiliation"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84899559882&origin=inward"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus-citedby", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84899559882&origin=inward"}], "prism:url"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84899559882", "dc:identifier"=>"SCOPUS_ID:84899559882", "eid"=>"2-s2.0-84899559882", "dc:title"=>"Emergence of polymorphic mating strategies in robot colonies", "dc:creator"=>"Elfwing S.", "prism:publicationName"=>"PLoS ONE", "prism:eIssn"=>"19326203", "prism:volume"=>"9", "prism:issueIdentifier"=>"4", "prism:pageRange"=>nil, "prism:coverDate"=>"2014-04-09", "prism:coverDisplayDate"=>"9 April 2014", "prism:doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0093622", "citedby-count"=>"2", "affiliation"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "affilname"=>"Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University", "affiliation-city"=>nil, "affiliation-country"=>"Japan"}], "pubmed-id"=>"24717898", "prism:aggregationType"=>"Journal", "subtype"=>"ar", "subtypeDescription"=>"Article", "article-number"=>"e93622", "source-id"=>"10600153309", "openaccess"=>"1", "openaccessFlag"=>true}

Article Coverage

Article Coverage Curated

Facebook

  • {"url"=>"http%3A%2F%2Fjournals.plos.org%2Fplosone%2Farticle%3Fid%3D10.1371%252Fjournal.pone.0093622", "share_count"=>0, "like_count"=>0, "comment_count"=>0, "click_count"=>0, "total_count"=>0}

Twitter

Counter

  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"222", "xml_views"=>"8", "html_views"=>"4381"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"26", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"407"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"278"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"356"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"386"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"190"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"164"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"110"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"132"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"120"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"103"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"131"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"80"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"95"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"93"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"63"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"77"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"56"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"49"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"62"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"83"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"51"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"0", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"57"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"88"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"79"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"99"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"102"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"88"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"80"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"72"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"78"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"66"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"85"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"59"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"74"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"171"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"134"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"98"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"77"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"68"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"49"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"1", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"57"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"65"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"70"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"48"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"36"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"1", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"5"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"12"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"8"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"0", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"15"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"10"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"28"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"15"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"1", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"8"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"1", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"12"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"8"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"11"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"10"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"26"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"3"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"7"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"7"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"3"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"9"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"8"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"7"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"10"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"6"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"14"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"17"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"7"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"11"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"8"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"1", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"2"}

Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1456770"], "description"=>"<p>The mean percentages of the lifetimes, with standard deviation, the individuals spent executing the three basic behaviors for all 1600 individuals in the final 20 generations.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Computational biology", "ecology", "Behavioral ecology", "Evolutionary biology", "population genetics", "Genetic polymorphism", "Mechanical engineering", "robotics", "mathematics", "Applied mathematics", "algorithms", "forager", "tracker"], "article_id"=>992813, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Stefan Elfwing", "Kenji Doya"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0093622.g007", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Difference_in_behavior_between_the_forager_and_the_tracker_subpopulations_/992813", "title"=>"Difference in behavior between the forager and the tracker subpopulations.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-04-09 02:50:56"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1456766"], "description"=>"<p>The distribution of values of the bias weights () and the face distance weights () for all 1600 individuals in the final 20 generations.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Computational biology", "ecology", "Behavioral ecology", "Evolutionary biology", "population genetics", "Genetic polymorphism", "Mechanical engineering", "robotics", "mathematics", "Applied mathematics", "algorithms", "genotype", "forager", "tracker"], "article_id"=>992809, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Stefan Elfwing", "Kenji Doya"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0093622.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Difference_in_genotype_between_the_forager_and_the_tracker_subpopulations_/992809", "title"=>"Difference in genotype between the forager and the tracker subpopulations.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-04-09 02:50:56"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1456764"], "description"=>"<p>The learning performance was estimated as the number of time steps the mating behavior was selected divided with number of mating events. The seven types of markers indicate the number of energy sources in the environment for each simulation.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Computational biology", "ecology", "Behavioral ecology", "Evolutionary biology", "population genetics", "Genetic polymorphism", "Mechanical engineering", "robotics", "mathematics", "Applied mathematics", "algorithms", "mating", "20", "generations"], "article_id"=>992807, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Stefan Elfwing", "Kenji Doya"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0093622.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_correlation_between_the_average_estimated_learning_performance_i_e_the_average_mating_interval_and_the_fitness_i_e_average_number_of_offspring_in_the_final_20_generations_in_all_experiments_/992807", "title"=>"The correlation between the average estimated learning performance (i.e., the average mating interval) and the fitness (i.e., average number of offspring) in the final 20 generations in all experiments.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-04-09 02:50:56"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1456765"], "description"=>"<p>A) The forager ignores the tail-lamp of the mating partner and executes the learned foraging behavior to capture the energy source. B) The tracker executes the learned waiting behavior and adjusts its position according to the trajectory of the mating partner.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Computational biology", "ecology", "Behavioral ecology", "Evolutionary biology", "population genetics", "Genetic polymorphism", "Mechanical engineering", "robotics", "mathematics", "Applied mathematics", "algorithms", "trajectories", "learned", "behaviors", "forager", "tracker"], "article_id"=>992808, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Stefan Elfwing", "Kenji Doya"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0093622.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Example_trajectories_of_the_learned_behaviors_for_the_forager_strategy_and_the_tracker_strategy_/992808", "title"=>"Example trajectories of the learned behaviors for the forager strategy and the tracker strategy.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-04-09 02:50:56"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1456760"], "description"=>"<p>The Cyber Rodent robots used in the experiments were equipped infrared communication for the exchange of genotypes and cameras for visual detection of energy sources (blue), tail-lamps of other robots (green), and faces of other robots (red).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Computational biology", "ecology", "Behavioral ecology", "Evolutionary biology", "population genetics", "Genetic polymorphism", "Mechanical engineering", "robotics", "mathematics", "Applied mathematics", "algorithms", "robots"], "article_id"=>992803, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Stefan Elfwing", "Kenji Doya"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0093622.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Two_physical_robots_with_six_energy_sources_/992803", "title"=>"Two physical robots with six energy sources.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-04-09 02:50:56"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1456777"], "description"=>"<p>The distribution of values of the bias weights () and the face distance weights () in the final generation.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Computational biology", "ecology", "Behavioral ecology", "Evolutionary biology", "population genetics", "Genetic polymorphism", "Mechanical engineering", "robotics", "mathematics", "Applied mathematics", "algorithms", "genotype", "forager", "tracker"], "article_id"=>992820, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Stefan Elfwing", "Kenji Doya"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0093622.g013", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Difference_in_genotype_between_the_forager_black_the_weak_tracker_pink_and_the_strong_tracker_purple_subpopulations_/992820", "title"=>"Difference in genotype between the forager (black), the weak tracker (pink), and the strong tracker (purple) subpopulations.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-04-09 02:50:56"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1456774"], "description"=>"<p>The dotted lines show the estimated fitness values using <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0093622#pone.0093622.e054\" target=\"_blank\">Equations 7</a> and <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0093622#pone.0093622.e056\" target=\"_blank\">9</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Computational biology", "ecology", "Behavioral ecology", "Evolutionary biology", "population genetics", "Genetic polymorphism", "Mechanical engineering", "robotics", "mathematics", "Applied mathematics", "algorithms", "offspring", "functions", "tracker"], "article_id"=>992817, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Stefan Elfwing", "Kenji Doya"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0093622.g010", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Average_number_of_offspring_i_e_the_fitness_as_functions_of_the_tracker_proportion_in_the_population_/992817", "title"=>"Average number of offspring (i.e., the fitness) as functions of the tracker proportion in the population.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-04-09 02:50:56"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1456773"], "description"=>"<p>The dotted lines show the constant approximations as the average values over all phenotype proportions.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Computational biology", "ecology", "Behavioral ecology", "Evolutionary biology", "population genetics", "Genetic polymorphism", "Mechanical engineering", "robotics", "mathematics", "Applied mathematics", "algorithms", "mating", "functions", "tracker"], "article_id"=>992816, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Stefan Elfwing", "Kenji Doya"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0093622.g009", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Average_energy_level_at_the_mating_events_as_functions_of_the_tracker_proportion_in_the_population_/992816", "title"=>"Average energy level at the mating events as functions of the tracker proportion in the population.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-04-09 02:50:56"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1456771"], "description"=>"<p>The dotted lines show the best linear fit for the two subpopulations and the blue line shows average values for the population as a whole.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Computational biology", "ecology", "Behavioral ecology", "Evolutionary biology", "population genetics", "Genetic polymorphism", "Mechanical engineering", "robotics", "mathematics", "Applied mathematics", "algorithms", "mating", "functions", "tracker"], "article_id"=>992814, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Stefan Elfwing", "Kenji Doya"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0093622.g008", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Average_number_of_number_of_mating_events_as_functions_of_the_tracker_proportion_in_the_population_/992814", "title"=>"Average number of number of mating events as functions of the tracker proportion in the population.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-04-09 02:50:56"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1456768"], "description"=>"<p>The histograms of average waiting threshold values, , for all 1600 individuals in the final 20 generations.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Computational biology", "ecology", "Behavioral ecology", "Evolutionary biology", "population genetics", "Genetic polymorphism", "Mechanical engineering", "robotics", "mathematics", "Applied mathematics", "algorithms", "phenotype", "forager", "tracker"], "article_id"=>992811, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Stefan Elfwing", "Kenji Doya"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0093622.g006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Difference_in_phenotype_between_the_forager_and_the_tracker_subpopulations_/992811", "title"=>"Difference in phenotype between the forager and the tracker subpopulations.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-04-09 02:50:56"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1456762"], "description"=>"<p>The control architecture consisted of a linear artificial neural network. The output of the network was the weighted sum () of the five network inputs () and the five evolutionarily tuned neural network weights (). In each time step, if the output was less or equal to zero then the foraging module was selected, otherwise the mating module was selected. The basic behaviors were learned from by reinforcement learning with the aid of evolutionarily tuned additional reward signals and meta-parameters. The foraging module learned a foraging behavior for capturing energy sources. The mating module learned both a mating behavior for the exchange of genotypes, when a face of another robot was visible, and a waiting behavior, when no face was visible.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Computational biology", "ecology", "Behavioral ecology", "Evolutionary biology", "population genetics", "Genetic polymorphism", "Mechanical engineering", "robotics", "mathematics", "Applied mathematics", "algorithms", "neural"], "article_id"=>992805, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Stefan Elfwing", "Kenji Doya"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0093622.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_neural_network_controller_/992805", "title"=>"The neural network controller.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-04-09 02:50:56"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1456779"], "description"=>"<p>The small black circles indicate the tested phenotype proportions. The black arrows show the average direction and magnitude of the change in phenotype proportions (magnified by a factor of five for visualization purposes). The white numbered squares indicate the approximate population ratios of the five evolutionary stable states, where the ratios of the phenotypes (F, WT, ST) were 1: (31.25%, 0%, 68.75%), 2: (0%, 87.5%, 12.5%), 3: (12.5%, 87.5%, 0%), 4: (25%, 50%, 25%), and 5: (25%, 25%, 50%). The gray line, ending in the gray triangle, shows the phenotype proportions in final 20 generations of the evolutionary experiments. The background coloring visualizes the average population fitness.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Computational biology", "ecology", "Behavioral ecology", "Evolutionary biology", "population genetics", "Genetic polymorphism", "Mechanical engineering", "robotics", "mathematics", "Applied mathematics", "algorithms", "diagram", "directions", "magnitudes", "subpopulation", "proportions", "foragers", "trackers"], "article_id"=>992822, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Stefan Elfwing", "Kenji Doya"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0093622.g014", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>6, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_DiFinetti_diagram_of_the_directions_and_magnitudes_of_the_changes_in_subpopulation_proportions_for_the_three_phenotypes_foragers_F_weak_trackers_WT_strong_trackers_ST_/992822", "title"=>"DiFinetti diagram of the directions and magnitudes of the changes in subpopulation proportions for the three phenotypes: foragers (F), weak trackers (WT), strong trackers (ST).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-04-09 02:50:56"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1456776"], "description"=>"<p>The histograms of average waiting threshold values, , in the final generation.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Computational biology", "ecology", "Behavioral ecology", "Evolutionary biology", "population genetics", "Genetic polymorphism", "Mechanical engineering", "robotics", "mathematics", "Applied mathematics", "algorithms", "phenotype", "forager", "tracker"], "article_id"=>992819, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Stefan Elfwing", "Kenji Doya"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0093622.g012", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Difference_in_phenotype_between_the_forager_black_the_weak_tracker_pink_and_the_strong_tracker_purple_subpopulations_/992819", "title"=>"Difference in phenotype between the forager (black), the weak tracker (pink), and the strong tracker (purple) subpopulations.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-04-09 02:50:56"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1456775"], "description"=>"<p>The black and red dotted lines show the best linear fit for the two subpopulations. The blue dotted line shows the predicted ratio of forager mating events to tracker mating events from <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0093622#pone.0093622.e047\" target=\"_blank\">Equation 5</a> with .</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Computational biology", "ecology", "Behavioral ecology", "Evolutionary biology", "population genetics", "Genetic polymorphism", "Mechanical engineering", "robotics", "mathematics", "Applied mathematics", "algorithms", "mating", "tracker", "partners", "functions", "forager", "lines"], "article_id"=>992818, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Stefan Elfwing", "Kenji Doya"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0093622.g011", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Average_proportion_of_mating_events_with_tracker_mating_partners_as_functions_of_the_tracker_proportion_in_the_population_for_the_forager_black_solid_lines_with_circles_and_the_tracker_red_solid_lines_with_circles_subpopulations_and_the_ratio_of_average_/992818", "title"=>"Average proportion of mating events with tracker mating partners as functions of the tracker proportion in the population, for the forager (black solid lines with circles) and the tracker (red solid lines with circles) subpopulations, and the ratio of average number of forager mating events to average number of tracker mating events (blue solid lines with circles).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-04-09 02:50:56"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"31", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"18", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"0", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"0", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"0", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"0", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"0", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"4"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2014-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2014-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Genetics", "average_usage"=>[306, 482]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Zoology", "average_usage"=>[329]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Engineering and technology", "average_usage"=>[282]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Social sciences/Psychology", "average_usage"=>[314, 476]}]}
Loading … Spinner
There are currently no alerts