Interactions of Seedborne Bacterial Pathogens with Host and Non-Host Plants in Relation to Seed Infestation and Seedling Transmission
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{"title"=>"Interactions of seedborne bacterial pathogens with host and non-host plants in relation to seed infestation and seedling transmission", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Bhabesh", "last_name"=>"Dutta", "scopus_author_id"=>"24472520700"}, {"first_name"=>"Ronald", "last_name"=>"Gitaitis", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603543552"}, {"first_name"=>"Samuel", "last_name"=>"Smith", "scopus_author_id"=>"55780600400"}, {"first_name"=>"David", "last_name"=>"Langston", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603900846"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84903287448", "sgr"=>"84903287448", "issn"=>"19326203", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0099215", "pmid"=>"24936863", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)\\r1932-6203 (Linking)", "pui"=>"373396661"}, "id"=>"3bf9ea76-426d-33e2-bfe9-1780ab7c8b2f", "abstract"=>"The ability of seed-borne bacterial pathogens (Acidovorax citrulli, Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis, Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato, Xanthomonas euvesicatoria, and Pseudomonas syringae pv. glycinea) to infest seeds of host and non-host plants (watermelon, tomato, pepper, and soybean) and subsequent pathogen transmission to seedlings was investigated. A non-pathogenic, pigmented strain of Serratia marcescens was also included to assess a null-interacting situation with the same plant species. Flowers of host and non-host plants were inoculated with 1 × 10(6) colony forming units (CFUs)/flower for each bacterial species and allowed to develop into fruits or umbels (in case of onion). Seeds harvested from each host/non-host bacterial species combination were assayed for respective bacteria by plating on semi-selective media. Additionally, seedlots for each host/non-host bacterial species combination were also assayed for pathogen transmission by seedling grow-out (SGO) assays under greenhouse conditions. The mean percentage of seedlots infested with compatible and incompatible pathogens was 31.7 and 30.9% (by plating), respectively and they were not significantly different (P = 0.67). The percentage of seedlots infested with null-interacting bacterial species was 16.8% (by plating) and it was significantly lower than the infested lots generated with compatible and incompatible bacterial pathogens (P = 0.03). None of the seedlots with incompatible/null-interacting bacteria developed symptoms on seedlings; however, when seedlings were assayed for epiphytic bacterial presence, 19.5 and 9.4% of the lots were positive, respectively. These results indicate that the seeds of non-host plants can become infested with incompatible and null-interacting bacterial species through flower colonization and they can be transmitted via epiphytic colonization of seedlings. In addition, it was also observed that flowers and seeds of non-host plants can be colonized by compatible/incompatible/null-interacting bacteria to higher populations; however, the level of colonization differed significantly depending on the type of bacterial species used.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/interactions-seedborne-bacterial-pathogens-host-nonhost-plants-relation-seed-infestation-seedling-tr", "reader_count"=>42, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Researcher"=>11, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>9, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>10, "Other"=>2, "Lecturer"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Researcher"=>11, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>9, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>10, "Other"=>2, "Lecturer"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>6, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>4, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>30, "Chemistry"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>1}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>30}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>4}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>6}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Argentina"=>1, "Mexico"=>1, "France"=>1, "Portugal"=>1}, "group_count"=>4}

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1537597"], "description"=>"<p>Bars indicate the mean AUDPC values and lines indicate the standard errors of the means. Treatments with different letters are significantly different according to Fisher's test of least significant difference (P<0.05).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["agriculture", "pests", "ecology", "Plant ecology", "Plant-microbial interactions", "microbiology", "Plant microbiology", "Plant science", "Plant pathology", "Plant pathogens", "Plant pests", "Species interactions", "curves", "calculated", "acidovorax", "citrulli", "clavibacter", "michiganensis", "pseudomonas", "syringae", "xanthomonas", "euvesicatoria", "glycinea", "serratia", "marcescens", "populations", "soybean", "watermelon", "seeds", "48", "inoculation"], "article_id"=>1059744, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Bhabesh Dutta", "Ronald Gitaitis", "Samuel Smith", "David Langston Jr"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0099215.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>16, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Bar_chart_of_the_area_under_the_growth_progress_curves_AUGPC_calculated_for_Acidovorax_citrulli_Ac_Clavibacter_michiganensis_subsp_michiganensis_Cmm_Pseudomonas_syringae_pv_tomato_Pst_Xanthomonas_euvesicatoria_Xeu_Pseudomonas_syringae_pv_glycinea_Psg_and/1059744", "title"=>"Bar chart of the area under the growth progress curves (AUGPC) calculated for Acidovorax citrulli (Ac), Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (Cmm), Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato (Pst), Xanthomonas euvesicatoria (Xeu), Pseudomonas syringae pv. glycinea (Psg), and Serratia marcescens (Sm) populations on pepper (A), tomato (B), soybean (C), watermelon (D), and onion (E) seeds during 48 hour post inoculation (hpi).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-06-17 03:04:13"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1537600"], "description"=>"<div><p>The ability of seed-borne bacterial pathogens (Acidovorax citrulli, Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis, Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato, Xanthomonas euvesicatoria, and Pseudomonas syringae pv. glycinea) to infest seeds of host and non-host plants (watermelon, tomato, pepper, and soybean) and subsequent pathogen transmission to seedlings was investigated. A non-pathogenic, pigmented strain of Serratia marcescens was also included to assess a null-interacting situation with the same plant species. Flowers of host and non-host plants were inoculated with 1×10<sup>6</sup> colony forming units (CFUs)/flower for each bacterial species and allowed to develop into fruits or umbels (in case of onion). Seeds harvested from each host/non-host bacterial species combination were assayed for respective bacteria by plating on semi-selective media. Additionally, seedlots for each host/non-host bacterial species combination were also assayed for pathogen transmission by seedling grow-out (SGO) assays under greenhouse conditions. The mean percentage of seedlots infested with compatible and incompatible pathogens was 31.7 and 30.9% (by plating), respectively and they were not significantly different (P = 0.67). The percentage of seedlots infested with null-interacting bacterial species was 16.8% (by plating) and it was significantly lower than the infested lots generated with compatible and incompatible bacterial pathogens (P = 0.03). None of the seedlots with incompatible/null-interacting bacteria developed symptoms on seedlings; however, when seedlings were assayed for epiphytic bacterial presence, 19.5 and 9.4% of the lots were positive, respectively. These results indicate that the seeds of non-host plants can become infested with incompatible and null-interacting bacterial species through flower colonization and they can be transmitted via epiphytic colonization of seedlings. In addition, it was also observed that flowers and seeds of non-host plants can be colonized by compatible/incompatible/null-interacting bacteria to higher populations; however, the level of colonization differed significantly depending on the type of bacterial species used.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["agriculture", "pests", "ecology", "Plant ecology", "Plant-microbial interactions", "microbiology", "Plant microbiology", "Plant science", "Plant pathology", "Plant pathogens", "Plant pests", "Species interactions", "seedborne", "bacterial", "pathogens", "non-host", "plants", "infestation", "seedling"], "article_id"=>1059747, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Bhabesh Dutta", "Ronald Gitaitis", "Samuel Smith", "David Langston Jr"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0099215", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>7, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Interactions_of_Seedborne_Bacterial_Pathogens_with_Host_and_Non_Host_Plants_in_Relation_to_Seed_Infestation_and_Seedling_Transmission_/1059747", "title"=>"Interactions of Seedborne Bacterial Pathogens with Host and Non-Host Plants in Relation to Seed Infestation and Seedling Transmission", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-06-17 03:04:13"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1537582"], "description"=>"<p>Three flowers per host/non-host-bacterial species combinations were sampled at 0, 6, 12, 24, 48, 96 hpi and populations of respective bacterial species were enumerated on semi-selective media. Data points represent the mean bacterial populations at each sampling period in two independent experiments. Bars indicate the standard error of the mean.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["agriculture", "pests", "ecology", "Plant ecology", "Plant-microbial interactions", "microbiology", "Plant microbiology", "Plant science", "Plant pathology", "Plant pathogens", "Plant pests", "Species interactions", "acidovorax", "clavibacter", "michiganensis", "pseudomonas", "syringae", "xanthomonas", "serratia", "marcescens", "populations", "soybean", "watermelon", "flowers", "96", "inoculation"], "article_id"=>1059729, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Bhabesh Dutta", "Ronald Gitaitis", "Samuel Smith", "David Langston Jr"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0099215.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Temporal_dynamics_of_Acidovorax_citrulli_Clavibacter_michiganensis_subsp_michiganensis_Pseudomonas_syringae_pv_tomato_Xanthomonas_euvesicatoria_Pseudomonas_syringae_pv_glycinea_and_Serratia_marcescens_populations_on_pepper_A_tomato_B_soybean_C_and_waterm/1059729", "title"=>"Temporal dynamics of Acidovorax citrulli, Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis, Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato, Xanthomonas euvesicatoria, Pseudomonas syringae pv. glycinea, and Serratia marcescens populations on pepper (A), tomato (B), soybean (C), and watermelon (D) flowers during 96 hour post inoculation (hpi).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-06-17 03:04:13"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1537599"], "description"=>"1<p>R.D. Gitaitis, CPES-UGA Bacterial Culture Collection.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["agriculture", "pests", "ecology", "Plant ecology", "Plant-microbial interactions", "microbiology", "Plant microbiology", "Plant science", "Plant pathology", "Plant pathogens", "Plant pests", "Species interactions", "bacterial", "strains"], "article_id"=>1059746, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Bhabesh Dutta", "Ronald Gitaitis", "Samuel Smith", "David Langston Jr"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0099215.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>5, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Identity_origin_and_source_of_bacterial_strains_used_in_this_study_/1059746", "title"=>"Identity, origin, and source of bacterial strains used in this study.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-06-17 03:04:13"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1537593"], "description"=>"<p>Seed samples [(n = 1 g (pepper (150 seeds), soybean (20 seeds), watermelon (20 seeds), tomato (100 seeds), onion (200 seeds)] from three replicates per host/non-host-bacterial species combinations were sampled at 0, 6, 12, 24, 48, 96 hpi and populations of respective bacterial species were enumerated on semi-selective media. Data points represent the mean bacterial populations at each sampling period in two independent experiments. Bars indicate the standard error of the mean.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["agriculture", "pests", "ecology", "Plant ecology", "Plant-microbial interactions", "microbiology", "Plant microbiology", "Plant science", "Plant pathology", "Plant pathogens", "Plant pests", "Species interactions", "acidovorax", "clavibacter", "michiganensis", "pseudomonas", "syringae", "xanthomonas", "serratia", "marcescens", "populations", "soybean", "watermelon", "seeds", "48", "inoculation"], "article_id"=>1059740, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Bhabesh Dutta", "Ronald Gitaitis", "Samuel Smith", "David Langston Jr"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0099215.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>92, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Temporal_dynamics_of_Acidovorax_citrulli_Clavibacter_michiganensis_subsp_michiganensis_Pseudomonas_syringae_pv_tomato_Xanthomonas_euvesicatoria_Pseudomonas_syringae_pv_glycinea_and_Serratia_marcescens_populations_on_pepper_A_tomato_B_soybean_C_watermelon/1059740", "title"=>"Temporal dynamics of Acidovorax citrulli, Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis, Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato, Xanthomonas euvesicatoria, Pseudomonas syringae pv. glycinea, and Serratia marcescens populations on pepper (A), tomato (B), soybean (C), watermelon (D), and onion (E) seeds during 48 hour post inoculation (hpi).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-06-17 03:04:13"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1537589"], "description"=>"<p>Bars indicate the mean AUDPC values and lines indicate the standard errors of the means. Treatments with different letters are significantly different according to Fisher's test of least significant difference (P<0.05).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["agriculture", "pests", "ecology", "Plant ecology", "Plant-microbial interactions", "microbiology", "Plant microbiology", "Plant science", "Plant pathology", "Plant pathogens", "Plant pests", "Species interactions", "curves", "calculated", "acidovorax", "citrulli", "clavibacter", "michiganensis", "pseudomonas", "syringae", "xanthomonas", "euvesicatoria", "glycinea", "serratia", "marcescens", "populations", "soybean", "watermelon", "flowers", "96", "inoculation"], "article_id"=>1059736, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Bhabesh Dutta", "Ronald Gitaitis", "Samuel Smith", "David Langston Jr"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0099215.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>14, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Bar_chart_of_the_area_under_the_growth_progress_curves_AUGPC_calculated_for_Acidovorax_citrulli_Ac_Clavibacter_michiganensis_subsp_michiganensis_Cmm_Pseudomonas_syringae_pv_tomato_Pst_Xanthomonas_euvesicatoria_Xeu_Pseudomonas_syringae_pv_glycinea_Psg_and/1059736", "title"=>"Bar chart of the area under the growth progress curves (AUGPC) calculated for Acidovorax citrulli (Ac), Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (Cmm), Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato (Pst), Xanthomonas euvesicatoria (Xeu), Pseudomonas syringae pv. glycinea (Psg), and Serratia marcescens (Sm) populations on pepper (A), tomato (B), soybean (C), and watermelon (D) flowers during 96 hour post inoculation (hpi).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-06-17 03:04:13"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1537598"], "description"=>"1<p><i>Acidovorax citrulli</i>, <i>C. michiganensis</i> subsp. <i>michiganensis</i>, <i>P. syringae</i> pv. <i>tomato</i>, <i>X</i>. <i>euvesicatoria</i>, <i>P. syringae</i> pv. <i>glycinea</i> and <i>Serratia marcescens</i> were cross-inoculated on to the flowers of watermelon, tomato, pepper, soybean and onion plants. Seeds developed in inoculated fruits were harvested and tested for the presence of target bacteria by plating on semi-selective medium or seedling grow out (SGO) assay.</p>2<p>Type of interaction of bacterial species with their host and non-host plants as determined by foliar infiltration of 1×10<sup>8</sup> colony forming units/ml.</p>3<p>Mean percentage of seedlots tested positive for compatible, incompatible and null-interacting bacterial species by plating. Means with similar letters are not significantly different according to LSD in SAS (<i>P</i><0.05).</p>4<p>Mean percentage of seedlots tested positive by symptomatic transmission of compatible, incompatible and null-interacting bacterial species. A seedlot was considered to be positive when a seedling in a tray showed symptoms from any of the three replicates tested. Means with similar letters are not significantly different according to LSD in SAS (<i>P</i><0.05).</p>5<p>Mean percentage of seedlots tested positive for asymptomatic (epiphytic) transmission of compatible, incompatible and null-interacting bacterial species to developing seedlings. A seedlot was considered to be positive when the target bacterium was recovered from any of the three replicates tested. Means with similar letters are not significantly different according to LSD in SAS (<i>P</i><0.05).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["agriculture", "pests", "ecology", "Plant ecology", "Plant-microbial interactions", "microbiology", "Plant microbiology", "Plant science", "Plant pathology", "Plant pathogens", "Plant pests", "Species interactions", "seedlots", "incompatible", "null-interacting", "bacterial", "developed", "fruits"], "article_id"=>1059745, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Bhabesh Dutta", "Ronald Gitaitis", "Samuel Smith", "David Langston Jr"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0099215.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>5, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Summarized_table_of_percentage_of_positive_seedlots_with_compatible_incompatible_and_null_interacting_bacterial_species_developed_in_fruits_upon_flower_inoculation_/1059745", "title"=>"Summarized table of percentage of positive seedlots with compatible, incompatible and null-interacting bacterial species developed in fruits upon flower inoculation.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-06-17 03:04:13"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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  • {"unique-ip"=>"19", "full-text"=>"22", "pdf"=>"11", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"7"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"24", "full-text"=>"30", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"20", "full-text"=>"19", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"22", "full-text"=>"20", "pdf"=>"17", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"19", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"26", "full-text"=>"23", "pdf"=>"12", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"2", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"32", "full-text"=>"40", "pdf"=>"14", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"18", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"27", "full-text"=>"36", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"19", "full-text"=>"21", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"20", "full-text"=>"22", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"19", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"26", "full-text"=>"33", "pdf"=>"9", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"22", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"19", "full-text"=>"21", "pdf"=>"9", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"31", "full-text"=>"29", "pdf"=>"10", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"22", "full-text"=>"23", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"20", "full-text"=>"19", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"38", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"20", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"29", "full-text"=>"31", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"32", "full-text"=>"33", "pdf"=>"9", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"23", "full-text"=>"24", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"24", "full-text"=>"31", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"38", "full-text"=>"48", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"43", "full-text"=>"50", "pdf"=>"10", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"45", "full-text"=>"52", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"54", "full-text"=>"61", "pdf"=>"10", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"29", "full-text"=>"30", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"40", "full-text"=>"49", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"51", "full-text"=>"59", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"29", "full-text"=>"30", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"62", "full-text"=>"59", "pdf"=>"9", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"65", "full-text"=>"78", "pdf"=>"10", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"45", "full-text"=>"50", "pdf"=>"8", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"79", "full-text"=>"94", "pdf"=>"13", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"11"}
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Relative Metric

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