Saharan Dust Deposition May Affect Phytoplankton Growth in the Mediterranean Sea at Ecological Time Scales
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{"title"=>"Saharan dust deposition may affect phytoplankton growth in the mediterranean sea at ecological time scales", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Rachele", "last_name"=>"Gallisai", "scopus_author_id"=>"56394680800"}, {"first_name"=>"Francesc", "last_name"=>"Peters", "scopus_author_id"=>"7102126407"}, {"first_name"=>"Gianluca", "last_name"=>"Volpe", "scopus_author_id"=>"7005080483"}, {"first_name"=>"Sara", "last_name"=>"Basart", "scopus_author_id"=>"35182446000"}, {"first_name"=>"José Maria", "last_name"=>"Baldasano", "scopus_author_id"=>"7006005916"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84908193486", "sgr"=>"84908193486", "pui"=>"600198883", "pmid"=>"25333783", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0110762"}, "id"=>"54bbaaff-f0c8-39fc-9e93-f3201bf42d4e", "abstract"=>"The surface waters of the Mediterranean Sea are extremely poor in the nutrients necessary for plankton growth. At the same time, the Mediterranean Sea borders with the largest and most active desert areas in the world and the atmosphere over the basin is subject to frequent injections of mineral dust particles. We describe statistical correlations between dust deposition over the Mediterranean Sea and surface chlorophyll concentrations at ecological time scales. Aerosol deposition of Saharan origin may explain 1 to 10% (average 5%) of seasonally detrended chlorophyll variability in the low nutrient-low chlorophyll Mediterranean. Most of the statistically significant correlations are positive with main effects in spring over the Eastern and Central Mediterranean, conforming to a view of dust events fueling needed nutrients to the planktonic community. Some areas show negative effects of dust deposition on chlorophyll, coinciding with regions under a large influence of aerosols from European origin. The influence of dust deposition on chlorophyll dynamics may become larger in future scenarios of increased aridity and shallowing of the mixed layer.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/saharan-dust-deposition-affect-phytoplankton-growth-mediterranean-sea-ecological-time-scales", "reader_count"=>49, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Researcher"=>18, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>11, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Other"=>2, "Student > Master"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>4, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Researcher"=>18, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>11, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Other"=>2, "Student > Master"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>4, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Engineering"=>2, "Environmental Science"=>13, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>3, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>19, "Chemistry"=>1, "Computer Science"=>1, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>7}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>2}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>1}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>7}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>19}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>3}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>3}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>13}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Greece"=>1, "Argentina"=>1, "Portugal"=>1, "Germany"=>1, "Spain"=>1}, "group_count"=>1}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1726104"], "description"=>"<p>Comparison between the box plots of the distribution of correlation coefficients between synthetic seasonally detrended chlorophyll time series and seasonally detrended dust deposition model outputs (N = 100) and the actual observed correlation between the seasonally detrended chlorophyll and the seasonally detrended dust deposition model outputs (dots). Data is shown only for those cells showing significant (p<0.05) observed correlations. Dots in blue represent significantly positive correlations and red significantly negative correlations. Box plots show the median, the grey box englobing all data between the 25 and 75 percentiles, and the range between the smallest and largest values that are not outliers. Starting from the detrended data of the cells that show statistically significant correlations between detrended chlorophyll and deposition (Fig. 1b), synthetic Chl time series with the same mean and standard deviation (normal distribution) as the original detrended chlorophyll time series, were computed for each cell. The correlation between these synthetic Chl time series and the modelled dust deposition were computed. For each cell, this process was repeated 100 times, and the probability distribution functions (PDFs) of the correlations were then obtained and presented as box plots.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["detrended chlorophyll variability", "Mediterranean Sea borders", "Ecological Time Scales", "surface chlorophyll concentrations", "dust deposition", "Saharan Dust Deposition May", "mineral dust particles", "Mediterranean Sea"], "article_id"=>1211360, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Rachele Gallisai", "Francesc Peters", "Gianluca Volpe", "Sara Basart", "José Maria Baldasano"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0110762.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Analysis_of_the_chance_of_significant_correlations_being_spurious_/1211360", "title"=>"Analysis of the chance of significant correlations being spurious.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-10-21 03:29:46"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1726102"], "description"=>"<p>Statistically significant (p<0.05) correlation coefficient (r) between chlorophyll concentration and dust deposition (left panels) and between the seasonally detrended chlorophyll concentration and the seasonally detrended dust deposition (right panels) for the whole time series and for different seasons. Panels: a, b) annual; c, d) winter (January to March); e, f) spring (April to June); g, h) summer (July to September) and i, j ) autumn (October to December).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["detrended chlorophyll variability", "Mediterranean Sea borders", "Ecological Time Scales", "surface chlorophyll concentrations", "dust deposition", "Saharan Dust Deposition May", "mineral dust particles", "Mediterranean Sea"], "article_id"=>1211358, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Rachele Gallisai", "Francesc Peters", "Gianluca Volpe", "Sara Basart", "José Maria Baldasano"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0110762.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>5, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Correlation_between_chlorophyll_concentration_and_dust_deposition_/1211358", "title"=>"Correlation between chlorophyll concentration and dust deposition.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-10-21 03:29:46"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1726111", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1726112", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1726113", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1726114"], "description"=>"<div><p>The surface waters of the Mediterranean Sea are extremely poor in the nutrients necessary for plankton growth. At the same time, the Mediterranean Sea borders with the largest and most active desert areas in the world and the atmosphere over the basin is subject to frequent injections of mineral dust particles. We describe statistical correlations between dust deposition over the Mediterranean Sea and surface chlorophyll concentrations at ecological time scales. Aerosol deposition of Saharan origin may explain 1 to 10% (average 5%) of seasonally detrended chlorophyll variability in the low nutrient-low chlorophyll Mediterranean. Most of the statistically significant correlations are positive with main effects in spring over the Eastern and Central Mediterranean, conforming to a view of dust events fueling needed nutrients to the planktonic community. Some areas show negative effects of dust deposition on chlorophyll, coinciding with regions under a large influence of aerosols from European origin. The influence of dust deposition on chlorophyll dynamics may become larger in future scenarios of increased aridity and shallowing of the mixed layer.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["detrended chlorophyll variability", "Mediterranean Sea borders", "Ecological Time Scales", "surface chlorophyll concentrations", "dust deposition", "Saharan Dust Deposition May", "mineral dust particles", "Mediterranean Sea"], "article_id"=>1211367, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Rachele Gallisai", "Francesc Peters", "Gianluca Volpe", "Sara Basart", "José Maria Baldasano"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0110762.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0110762.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0110762.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0110762.s004"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>13, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Saharan_Dust_Deposition_May_Affect_Phytoplankton_Growth_in_the_Mediterranean_Sea_at_Ecological_Time_Scales_/1211367", "title"=>"Saharan Dust Deposition May Affect Phytoplankton Growth in the Mediterranean Sea at Ecological Time Scales", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2014-10-21 03:29:46"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1726105"], "description"=>"<p>Number of cells (n) with significantly (p<0.05) positive correlations. Minimum (min), maximum (max) and average percentage of chlorophyll variability explained in the significantly positive cells.</p><p>Percentage of observed chlorophyll variability explained by modeled dust deposition.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["detrended chlorophyll variability", "Mediterranean Sea borders", "Ecological Time Scales", "surface chlorophyll concentrations", "dust deposition", "Saharan Dust Deposition May", "mineral dust particles", "Mediterranean Sea"], "article_id"=>1211361, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Rachele Gallisai", "Francesc Peters", "Gianluca Volpe", "Sara Basart", "José Maria Baldasano"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0110762.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Percentage_of_observed_chlorophyll_variability_explained_by_modeled_dust_deposition_/1211361", "title"=>"Percentage of observed chlorophyll variability explained by modeled dust deposition.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-10-21 03:29:46"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1726103"], "description"=>"<p>Left panel: positive correlations. Right panel: negative correlations. Red bars represent non seasonally detrended data and blue bars seasonally detrended data.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["detrended chlorophyll variability", "Mediterranean Sea borders", "Ecological Time Scales", "surface chlorophyll concentrations", "dust deposition", "Saharan Dust Deposition May", "mineral dust particles", "Mediterranean Sea"], "article_id"=>1211359, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Rachele Gallisai", "Francesc Peters", "Gianluca Volpe", "Sara Basart", "José Maria Baldasano"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0110762.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Percentage_of_cells_showing_significant_correlations_between_chlorophyll_and_deposition_/1211359", "title"=>"Percentage of cells showing significant correlations between chlorophyll and deposition.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-10-21 03:29:46"}

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