Fueling Plankton Production by a Meandering Frontal Jet: A Case Study for the Alboran Sea (Western Mediterranean)
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{"title"=>"Fueling plankton production by a meandering frontal jet: A case study for the Alboran sea (Western Mediterranean)", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Temel", "last_name"=>"Oguz", "scopus_author_id"=>"7003890201"}, {"first_name"=>"Diego", "last_name"=>"Macias", "scopus_author_id"=>"15827627900"}, {"first_name"=>"Jesus", "last_name"=>"Garcia-Lafuente", "scopus_author_id"=>"6701891989"}, {"first_name"=>"Ananda", "last_name"=>"Pascual", "scopus_author_id"=>"7103039767"}, {"first_name"=>"Joaquin", "last_name"=>"Tintore", "scopus_author_id"=>"7003580674"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84910638312", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0111482", "sgr"=>"84910638312", "pmid"=>"25372789", "issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"600435332"}, "id"=>"9435e7db-6a24-33c7-8e95-1705ce7d8a5a", "abstract"=>"A three dimensional biophysical model was employed to illustrate the biological impacts of a meandering frontal jet, in terms of efficiency and persistency of the autotrophic frontal production, in marginal and semi-enclosed seas. We used the Alboran Sea of the Western Mediterranean as a case study. Here, a frontal jet with a width of 15-20 km, characterized by the relatively low density Atlantic water mass, flows eastward within the upper 100 m as a marked meandering current around the western and the eastern anticyclonic gyres prior to its attachment to the North African shelf/slope topography of the Algerian basin. Its inherent nonlinearity leads to the development of a strong ageostrophic cross-frontal circulation that supplies nutrients into the nutrient-starved euphotic layer and stimulates phytoplankton growth along the jet. Biological production is larger in the western part of the basin and decreases eastwards with the gradual weakening of the jet. The higher production at the subsurface levels suggests that the Alboran Sea is likely more productive than predicted by the satellite chlorophyll data. The Mediterranean water mass away from the jet and the interiors of the western and eastern anticyclonic gyres remain unproductive.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/fueling-plankton-production-meandering-frontal-jet-case-study-alboran-sea-western-mediterranean", "reader_count"=>22, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Researcher"=>9, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>7, "Student > Bachelor"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Researcher"=>9, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>7, "Student > Bachelor"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Environmental Science"=>4, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>4, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>12}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>12}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>4}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>2}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>4}}, "group_count"=>0}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1779679"], "description"=>"<p>Horizontal distributions of (a) the surface current speed (m s<sup>−1</sup>), (b) the surface density (kg m<sup>−3</sup>), (c) the vertical component of surface, relative vorticity (normalized by the planetary vorticity), and (d) the vertical velocity (m day<sup>−1</sup>) at 50 m depth. The background color shows the trajectory of the Atlantic jet. In the relative vorticity field negative (positive) vorticity values are shown in red (blue) color. Similarly, in the vertical velocity distribution, its upward (downward) component is shown in red (blue) color. The contour intervals are 0.1 for the vorticity, 5 m d<sup>−1</sup> for the vertical velocity.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["anticyclonic gyres", "Western Mediterranean", "satellite chlorophyll data", "Mediterranean water mass", "density Atlantic water mass", "Meandering Frontal Jet", "Alboran Sea"], "article_id"=>1229347, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Temel Oguz", "Diego Macias", "Jesus Garcia-Lafuente", "Ananda Pascual", "Joaquín Tintoré"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0111482.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Main_characteristics_of_the_simulated_flow_field_/1229347", "title"=>"Main characteristics of the simulated flow field.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-11-05 03:21:46"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1779684"], "description"=>"<p>Vertical cross-sections of (a) density (kg m<sup>−3</sup>), (b) current speed (m s<sup>−1</sup>), and (c) vertical velocity (m day<sup>−1</sup>) along the transect shown in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0111482#pone-0111482-g002\" target=\"_blank\">Fig. 2d</a>. For vertical velocities, contours in red (blue) color represent upward (downward) velocities.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["anticyclonic gyres", "Western Mediterranean", "satellite chlorophyll data", "Mediterranean water mass", "density Atlantic water mass", "Meandering Frontal Jet", "Alboran Sea"], "article_id"=>1229351, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Temel Oguz", "Diego Macias", "Jesus Garcia-Lafuente", "Ananda Pascual", "Joaquín Tintoré"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0111482.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Cross_section_of_the_flow_field_/1229351", "title"=>"Cross section of the flow field.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-11-05 03:21:46"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1779687"], "description"=>"<p>Horizontal distribution of depth integrated nitrate distributions over 75 m layer (mmol N m<sup>−2</sup>) at days 30 (a), 90 (b), and 120 (c).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["anticyclonic gyres", "Western Mediterranean", "satellite chlorophyll data", "Mediterranean water mass", "density Atlantic water mass", "Meandering Frontal Jet", "Alboran Sea"], "article_id"=>1229354, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Temel Oguz", "Diego Macias", "Jesus Garcia-Lafuente", "Ananda Pascual", "Joaquín Tintoré"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0111482.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Modeled_nutrient_concentrations_/1229354", "title"=>"Modeled nutrient concentrations.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-11-05 03:21:46"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1779691"], "description"=>"<p>Horizontal distributions of (a) integrated plankton biomass (phytoplankton plus zooplankton) and (b) integrated nitrate concentration over the upper 75 m layer (mmol N m<sup>−2</sup>), The background color shows the trajectory of the Atlantic jet. The contour interval is 10 mmol N m<sup>−2</sup> for both plankton biomass and nitrate concentration.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["anticyclonic gyres", "Western Mediterranean", "satellite chlorophyll data", "Mediterranean water mass", "density Atlantic water mass", "Meandering Frontal Jet", "Alboran Sea"], "article_id"=>1229358, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Temel Oguz", "Diego Macias", "Jesus Garcia-Lafuente", "Ananda Pascual", "Joaquín Tintoré"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0111482.g006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Modeled_plankton_biomass_/1229358", "title"=>"Modeled plankton biomass.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-11-05 03:21:46"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1779693"], "description"=>"<p>Vertical cross-sections of (a) nitrate concentration, (b) phytoplankton biomass, and (c) zooplankton biomass expressed in mmol N m<sup>−3</sup> along the transect shown in Fig. 2d.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["anticyclonic gyres", "Western Mediterranean", "satellite chlorophyll data", "Mediterranean water mass", "density Atlantic water mass", "Meandering Frontal Jet", "Alboran Sea"], "article_id"=>1229360, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Temel Oguz", "Diego Macias", "Jesus Garcia-Lafuente", "Ananda Pascual", "Joaquín Tintoré"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0111482.g007", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Cross_section_of_biological_tracers_/1229360", "title"=>"Cross section of biological tracers.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-11-05 03:21:46"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1779694"], "description"=>"<p>Horizontal distributions of (a) surface phytoplankton biomass and (b) surface zooplankton biomass (mmol N m<sup>−3</sup>) at day 120.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["anticyclonic gyres", "Western Mediterranean", "satellite chlorophyll data", "Mediterranean water mass", "density Atlantic water mass", "Meandering Frontal Jet", "Alboran Sea"], "article_id"=>1229361, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Temel Oguz", "Diego Macias", "Jesus Garcia-Lafuente", "Ananda Pascual", "Joaquín Tintoré"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0111482.g008", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Surface_phytoplankton_and_zooplankton_biomass_/1229361", "title"=>"Surface phytoplankton and zooplankton biomass.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-11-05 03:21:46"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1779670"], "description"=>"<p>The climatological December surface chlorophyll concentration distribution (mg m<sup>−3</sup>), as well as the smoothed model topography used in the model (contour interval is 200 m). The chlorophyll data were retrieved from the 9 km gridded monthly SeaWiFS products, and displays a relatively oligotrophic WAG and EAG and more productive zone along their peripheries, as well as the southern and northern coasts. They were separated from relatively low concentrations of the Algerian basin by a well-defined front. The December monthly climatology was chosen particularly because it did not include an additional impact of winter mixing on chlorophyll distribution.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["anticyclonic gyres", "Western Mediterranean", "satellite chlorophyll data", "Mediterranean water mass", "density Atlantic water mass", "Meandering Frontal Jet", "Alboran Sea"], "article_id"=>1229337, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Temel Oguz", "Diego Macias", "Jesus Garcia-Lafuente", "Ananda Pascual", "Joaquín Tintoré"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0111482.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Satellite_derived_chlorophyll_distribution_/1229337", "title"=>"Satellite-derived chlorophyll distribution.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-11-05 03:21:46"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1779674"], "description"=>"<p>Horizontal distribution of surface density (kg m<sup>−3</sup>) and flow field (m s<sup>−1</sup>) at days 30 (a), 60 (b), 90 (c), and 120 (d). The line shown in the last plot shows the position of the transect used in other figures. The arrows are scaled by 1 cm = 0.5 cm s<sup>−1.</sup></p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["anticyclonic gyres", "Western Mediterranean", "satellite chlorophyll data", "Mediterranean water mass", "density Atlantic water mass", "Meandering Frontal Jet", "Alboran Sea"], "article_id"=>1229341, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Temel Oguz", "Diego Macias", "Jesus Garcia-Lafuente", "Ananda Pascual", "Joaquín Tintoré"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0111482.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Surface_density_and_currents_in_model_simulation_/1229341", "title"=>"Surface density and currents in model simulation.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-11-05 03:21:46"}

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