The Persistence of Facultative Parthenogenesis in Drosophila albomicans
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{"title"=>"The persistence of facultative parthenogenesis in drosophila albomicans", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Chia Chen", "last_name"=>"Chang", "scopus_author_id"=>"57188535802"}, {"first_name"=>"Chau Ti", "last_name"=>"Ting", "scopus_author_id"=>"7202187401"}, {"first_name"=>"Ching Ho", "last_name"=>"Chang", "scopus_author_id"=>"54386551100"}, {"first_name"=>"Shu", "last_name"=>"Fang", "scopus_author_id"=>"56669915900"}, {"first_name"=>"Hwei Yu", "last_name"=>"Chang", "scopus_author_id"=>"7407522706"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pmid"=>"25415200", "sgr"=>"84912062236", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0113275", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84912062236", "pui"=>"600549891", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "issn"=>"19326203"}, "id"=>"b02eefca-fa4c-3796-aefd-1482e7b21014", "abstract"=>"Parthenogenesis has evolved independently in more than 10 Drosophila species. Most cases are tychoparthenogenesis, which is occasional or accidental parthenogenesis in normally bisexual species with a low hatching rate of eggs produced by virgin females; this form is presumed to be an early stage of parthenogenesis. To address how parthenogenesis and sexual reproduction coexist in Drosophila populations, we investigated several reproductive traits, including the fertility, parthenogenetic capability, diploidization mechanisms, and mating propensity of parthenogenetic D. albomicans. The fertility of mated parthenogenetic females was significantly higher than that of virgin females. The mated females could still produce parthenogenetic offspring but predominantly produced offspring by sexual reproduction. Both mated parthenogenetic females and their parthenogenetic-sexual descendants were capable of parthenogenesis. The alleles responsible for parthenogenesis can be propagated through both parthenogenesis and sexual reproduction. As diploidy is restored predominantly by gamete duplication, heterozygosity would be very low in parthenogenetic individuals. Hence, genetic variation in parthenogenetic genomes would result from sexual reproduction. The mating propensity of females after more than 20 years of isolation from males was decreased. If mutations reducing mating propensities could occur under male-limited conditions in natural populations, decreased mating propensity might accelerate tychoparthenogenesis through a positive feedback mechanism. This process provides an opportunity for the evolution of obligate parthenogenesis. Therefore, the persistence of facultative parthenogenesis may be an adaptive reproductive strategy in Drosophila when a few founders colonize a", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/persistence-facultative-parthenogenesis-drosophila-albomicans", "reader_count"=>19, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Researcher"=>5, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>5, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>2, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Researcher"=>5, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>5, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>2, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Environmental Science"=>1, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>13, "Social Sciences"=>1, "Computer Science"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>13}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"United States"=>1, "France"=>1}, "group_count"=>0}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1804018"], "description"=>"<p>Group A: the single mating group in which single pairs mated within 2 hours and the male was removed from the vial. Group B: the potential multiple mating group in which after mating, the male was kept in the vial to allow potential multiple mating. Error bars indicate standard errors. Different letters indicate that offspring numbers are significantly different between weeks at <i>P</i><0.05 by Friedman's test and an additional post hoc analysis of Bonferroni-corrected Wilcoxon signed-rank test.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["parthenogenetic females", "parthenogenesi", "Drosophila albomicans Parthenogenesis", "mating propensity", "10 Drosophila species", "reproduction"], "article_id"=>1249248, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Chia-chen Chang", "Chau-Ti Ting", "Ching-Ho Chang", "Shu Fang", "Hwei-yu Chang"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0113275.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Weekly_offspring_numbers_of_mated_KKU119_bo_females_/1249248", "title"=>"Weekly offspring numbers of mated KKU119-bo females.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-11-21 03:17:14"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1804016"], "description"=>"<p>The three possible diploidization mechanisms are illustrated in the left column. The four nuclei produced after meiosis are indicated by colored circles. Central fusion is the fusion of two nuclei derived from different meiosis I nuclei (“dark blue fusion with pink or red circles” or “light blue fusion with pink or red circles”), whereas terminal fusion is derived from the same meiosis I nucleus (“dark blue fusion with light blue circles” or “pink fusion with red circles”). Gamete duplication is the fusion of two nuclei duplicated from one of four nuclei. All possible genotypes of two linked markers are listed under three mechanisms with (A) no recombination, (B) one recombination event between two markers and the centromere, (C) one recombination event between two markers, and (D) double crossover. The chromosomes from parthenogenetic and sexual strains are labeled by blue and red, respectively. The alleles of each locus are labeled as <i>P</i> for parthenogenetic strain and <i>S</i> for the two sexual strains. Because the double-crossover rate was extremely low, recombinant F<sub>2</sub> offspring arising from double crossover are not considered in this analysis. Genotypes that can have come from only one of the three mechanisms are labeled in blue, the genotypes in black (i.e., <i>PS</i>,<i>PS</i>) are from central fusion or terminal fusion, and genotypes that are shared by the three mechanisms are labeled in gray.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["parthenogenetic females", "parthenogenesi", "Drosophila albomicans Parthenogenesis", "mating propensity", "10 Drosophila species", "reproduction"], "article_id"=>1249246, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Chia-chen Chang", "Chau-Ti Ting", "Ching-Ho Chang", "Shu Fang", "Hwei-yu Chang"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0113275.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>7, "page_views"=>76, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Possible_genotypes_based_on_different_diploidization_mechanisms_in_parthenogenesis_in_Drosophila_albomicans_/1249246", "title"=>"Possible genotypes based on different diploidization mechanisms in parthenogenesis in <i>Drosophila albomicans</i>.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-11-21 03:17:14"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1804021"], "description"=>"<p>The percentage of virgin females capable of producing progeny and the fertility of virgin females from three strains of <i>Drosophila albomicans</i> and their sexually produced F<sub>1</sub> progeny.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["parthenogenetic females", "parthenogenesi", "Drosophila albomicans Parthenogenesis", "mating propensity", "10 Drosophila species", "reproduction"], "article_id"=>1249251, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Chia-chen Chang", "Chau-Ti Ting", "Ching-Ho Chang", "Shu Fang", "Hwei-yu Chang"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0113275.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>5, "page_views"=>14, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_percentage_of_virgin_females_capable_of_producing_progeny_and_the_fertility_of_virgin_females_from_three_strains_of_Drosophila_albomicans_and_their_sexually_produced_F_1_progeny_/1249251", "title"=>"The percentage of virgin females capable of producing progeny and the fertility of virgin females from three strains of <i>Drosophila albomicans</i> and their sexually produced F<sub>1</sub> progeny.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-11-21 03:17:14"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1804020"], "description"=>"a.<p>One female from each strain was paired with one male from #55.1.</p><p>Female mating propensities of the parthenogenetic and sexual strains of <i>Drosophila albomicans.</i></p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["parthenogenetic females", "parthenogenesi", "Drosophila albomicans Parthenogenesis", "mating propensity", "10 Drosophila species", "reproduction"], "article_id"=>1249250, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Chia-chen Chang", "Chau-Ti Ting", "Ching-Ho Chang", "Shu Fang", "Hwei-yu Chang"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0113275.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>16, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Female_mating_propensities_of_the_parthenogenetic_and_sexual_strains_of_Drosophila_albomicans_/1249250", "title"=>"Female mating propensities of the parthenogenetic and sexual strains of <i>Drosophila albomicans.</i>", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-11-21 03:17:14"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1804023", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1804024", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1804025"], "description"=>"<div><p>Parthenogenesis has evolved independently in more than 10 <i>Drosophila</i> species. Most cases are tychoparthenogenesis, which is occasional or accidental parthenogenesis in normally bisexual species with a low hatching rate of eggs produced by virgin females; this form is presumed to be an early stage of parthenogenesis. To address how parthenogenesis and sexual reproduction coexist in <i>Drosophila</i> populations, we investigated several reproductive traits, including the fertility, parthenogenetic capability, diploidization mechanisms, and mating propensity of parthenogenetic <i>D. albomicans</i>. The fertility of mated parthenogenetic females was significantly higher than that of virgin females. The mated females could still produce parthenogenetic offspring but predominantly produced offspring by sexual reproduction. Both mated parthenogenetic females and their parthenogenetic-sexual descendants were capable of parthenogenesis. The alleles responsible for parthenogenesis can be propagated through both parthenogenesis and sexual reproduction. As diploidy is restored predominantly by gamete duplication, heterozygosity would be very low in parthenogenetic individuals. Hence, genetic variation in parthenogenetic genomes would result from sexual reproduction. The mating propensity of females after more than 20 years of isolation from males was decreased. If mutations reducing mating propensities could occur under male-limited conditions in natural populations, decreased mating propensity might accelerate tychoparthenogenesis through a positive feedback mechanism. This process provides an opportunity for the evolution of obligate parthenogenesis. Therefore, the persistence of facultative parthenogenesis may be an adaptive reproductive strategy in <i>Drosophila</i> when a few founders colonize a new niche or when small populations are distributed at the edge of a species' range, consistent with models of geographical parthenogenesis.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["parthenogenetic females", "parthenogenesi", "Drosophila albomicans Parthenogenesis", "mating propensity", "10 Drosophila species", "reproduction"], "article_id"=>1249253, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Chia-chen Chang", "Chau-Ti Ting", "Ching-Ho Chang", "Shu Fang", "Hwei-yu Chang"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0113275.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0113275.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0113275.s003"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>22, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/The_Persistence_of_Facultative_Parthenogenesis_in_Drosophila_albomicans_/1249253", "title"=>"The Persistence of Facultative Parthenogenesis in <i>Drosophila albomicans</i>", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2014-11-21 03:17:14"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1804022"], "description"=>"<p>* See <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0113275#pone-0113275-g001\" target=\"_blank\">Figure 1</a> for the inference of diploidization mechanisms by different genotypes.</p><p>Percentages of various diploidization mechanisms of parthenogenesis in <i>Drosophila albomicans.</i></p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["parthenogenetic females", "parthenogenesi", "Drosophila albomicans Parthenogenesis", "mating propensity", "10 Drosophila species", "reproduction"], "article_id"=>1249252, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Chia-chen Chang", "Chau-Ti Ting", "Ching-Ho Chang", "Shu Fang", "Hwei-yu Chang"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0113275.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>17, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Percentages_of_various_diploidization_mechanisms_of_parthenogenesis_in_Drosophila_albomicans_/1249252", "title"=>"Percentages of various diploidization mechanisms of parthenogenesis in <i>Drosophila albomicans.</i>", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-11-21 03:17:14"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1804019"], "description"=>"<p>Spearman's <i>ρ</i> = −0.58, <i>P</i> = 4.99×10<sup>−10</sup>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["parthenogenetic females", "parthenogenesi", "Drosophila albomicans Parthenogenesis", "mating propensity", "10 Drosophila species", "reproduction"], "article_id"=>1249249, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Chia-chen Chang", "Chau-Ti Ting", "Ching-Ho Chang", "Shu Fang", "Hwei-yu Chang"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0113275.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_A_negative_correlation_between_the_weekly_offspring_numbers_by_parthenogenesis_and_by_sexual_reproduction_in_mated_KKU119_bo_females_of_the_single_mating_group_/1249249", "title"=>"A negative correlation between the weekly offspring numbers by parthenogenesis and by sexual reproduction in mated KKU119-bo females of the single mating group.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-11-21 03:17:14"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1804017"], "description"=>"<p>The X-axis denotes weeks after mating. The Y-axis denotes offspring numbers. Sample size: A  =  34, B  =  41, C  =  18. Error bars indicate standard errors. Different letters indicate that the values are significantly different between weeks at <i>P</i><0.05 by Friedman's test and an additional post hoc analysis of Bonferroni-corrected Wilcoxon signed-rank test.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["parthenogenetic females", "parthenogenesi", "Drosophila albomicans Parthenogenesis", "mating propensity", "10 Drosophila species", "reproduction"], "article_id"=>1249247, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Chia-chen Chang", "Chau-Ti Ting", "Ching-Ho Chang", "Shu Fang", "Hwei-yu Chang"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0113275.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Weekly_offspring_numbers_of_single_virgin_KKU119_A_mated_KKU119_B_and_mated_55_1_C_females_of_Drosophila_albomicans_/1249247", "title"=>"Weekly offspring numbers of single virgin KKU119 (A), mated KKU119 (B), and mated #55.1 (C) females of <i>Drosophila albomicans</i>.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-11-21 03:17:14"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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Relative Metric

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