Patterns and Emerging Trends in Global Ocean Health
Publication Date
March 16, 2015
Journal
PLOS ONE
Authors
Benjamin S. Halpern, Catherine Longo, Julia S. Stewart Lowndes, Benjamin D. Best, et al
Volume
10
Issue
3
Pages
e0117863
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0117863
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0117863
PubMed
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25774678
PubMed Central
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4361765
Europe PMC
http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/25774678
Web of Science
000351183500022
Scopus
84924956269
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/patterns-emerging-trends-global-ocean-health-3
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Patterns and emerging trends in global ocean health", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Benjamin S.", "last_name"=>"Halpern", "scopus_author_id"=>"7103099423"}, {"first_name"=>"Catherine", "last_name"=>"Longo", "scopus_author_id"=>"55332597700"}, {"first_name"=>"Julia S.", "last_name"=>"Stewart Lowndes", "scopus_author_id"=>"56557112200"}, {"first_name"=>"Benjamin D.", "last_name"=>"Best", "scopus_author_id"=>"25821669900"}, {"first_name"=>"Melanie", "last_name"=>"Frazier", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004786022"}, {"first_name"=>"Steven K.", "last_name"=>"Katona", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603843024"}, {"first_name"=>"Kristin M.", "last_name"=>"Kleisner", "scopus_author_id"=>"36439453000"}, {"first_name"=>"Andrew A.", "last_name"=>"Rosenberg", "scopus_author_id"=>"7402585546"}, {"first_name"=>"Courtney", "last_name"=>"Scarborough", "scopus_author_id"=>"50462272000"}, {"first_name"=>"Elizabeth R.", "last_name"=>"Selig", "scopus_author_id"=>"16507642200"}], "year"=>2015, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84924956269", "sgr"=>"84924956269", "issn"=>"19326203", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0117863", "pmid"=>"25774678", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)\\r1932-6203 (Linking)", "pui"=>"603024225"}, "id"=>"bfc79a5b-78fe-3aee-8824-509975841259", "abstract"=>"International and regional policies aimed at managing ocean ecosystem health need quantitative and comprehensive indices to synthesize information from a variety of sources, consistently measure progress, and communicate with key constituencies and the public. Here we present the second annual global assessment of the Ocean Health Index, reporting current scores and annual changes since 2012, recalculated using updated methods and data based on the best available science, for 221 coastal countries and territories. The Index measures performance of ten societal goals for healthy oceans on a quantitative scale of increasing health from 0 to 100, and combines these scores into a single Index score, for each country and globally. The global Index score improved one point (from 67 to 68), while many country-level Index and goal scores had larger changes. Per-country Index scores ranged from 41-95 and, on average, improved by 0.06 points (range -8 to +12). Globally, average scores increased for individual goals by as much as 6.5 points (coastal economies) and decreased by as much as 1.2 points (natural products). Annual updates of the Index, even when not all input data have been updated, provide valuable information to scientists, policy makers, and resource managers because patterns and trends can emerge from the data that have been updated. Changes of even a few points indicate potential successes (when scores increase) that merit recognition, or concerns (when scores decrease) that may require mitigative action, with changes of more than 10-20 points representing large shifts that deserve greater attention. Goal scores showed remarkably little covariance across regions, indicating low redundancy in the Index, such that each goal delivers information about a different facet of ocean health. Together these scores provide a snapshot of global ocean health and suggest where countries have made progress and where a need for further improvement exists.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/patterns-emerging-trends-global-ocean-health-3", "reader_count"=>87, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>26, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>5, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>19, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>12, "Other"=>8, "Student > Bachelor"=>7, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>26, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>5, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>19, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>12, "Other"=>8, "Student > Bachelor"=>7, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>7, "Environmental Science"=>33, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>32, "Social Sciences"=>6, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>7, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>6}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>7}, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>2}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>32}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>7}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>33}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Netherlands"=>1, "United States"=>4, "Brazil"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>2, "Italy"=>1, "Kenya"=>1, "Portugal"=>1, "Germany"=>1, "Costa Rica"=>1}, "group_count"=>3}

CrossRef

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1949467"], "description"=>"<p>Two-letter codes in the diagonal are goal labels (FP = food provision, AO = artisanal fishing opportunity, NP = natural products, CS = carbon storage, CP = coastal protection, LE = coastal livelihoods and economies, TR = tourism and recreation, SP = sense of place, CW = clean water, and BD = biodiversity). Values in the upper right are the correlation coefficients for each comparison, with larger font size indicating stronger significance of the result. Plots in lower left are scatterplots of the data with locally-weighted polynomial regression (LOWESS) fits shown in red.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ocean health", "Global Ocean Health International", "Ocean Health Index", "Index measures performance", "ocean ecosystem health need", "Index score"], "article_id"=>1336320, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Benjamin S. Halpern", "Catherine Longo", "Julia S. Stewart Lowndes", "Benjamin D. Best", "Melanie Frazier", "Steven K. Katona", "Kristin M. Kleisner", "Andrew A. Rosenberg", "Courtney Scarborough", "Elizabeth R. Selig"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0117863.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>21, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Correlation_matrix_of_per_country_pairwise_goal_scores_/1336320", "title"=>"Correlation matrix of per-country pairwise goal scores.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-03-16 03:06:20"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1949470"], "description"=>"<p>NA indicates the goal was not relevant to the region and so not given a score. Values outside the range of -10 to +10 are rounded to the nearest whole number.</p><p>Regions with the greatest positive (>+5 points) or negative (>-5 points) change in overall Index scores from 2012 to 2013, with changes in goal scores also shown (see Table M in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0117863#pone.0117863.s001\" target=\"_blank\">S1 File</a> for full results).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ocean health", "Global Ocean Health International", "Ocean Health Index", "Index measures performance", "ocean ecosystem health need", "Index score"], "article_id"=>1336323, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Benjamin S. Halpern", "Catherine Longo", "Julia S. Stewart Lowndes", "Benjamin D. Best", "Melanie Frazier", "Steven K. Katona", "Kristin M. Kleisner", "Andrew A. Rosenberg", "Courtney Scarborough", "Elizabeth R. Selig"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0117863.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Regions_with_the_greatest_positive_5_points_or_negative_5_points_change_in_overall_Index_scores_from_2012_to_2013_with_changes_in_goal_scores_also_shown_see_Table_M_in_S1_File_for_full_results_/1336323", "title"=>"Regions with the greatest positive (>+5 points) or negative (>-5 points) change in overall Index scores from 2012 to 2013, with changes in goal scores also shown (see Table M in S1 File for full results).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-03-16 03:06:20"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1949456"], "description"=>"<p>Maps of overall Index scores for each reporting region (left panels) and global Index and goal scores (right panels) for newly calculated 2013 values (bottom panels) and recalculated 2012 values using updated methods and data (top panels). Colors in all cases indicate score values.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ocean health", "Global Ocean Health International", "Ocean Health Index", "Index measures performance", "ocean ecosystem health need", "Index score"], "article_id"=>1336308, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Benjamin S. Halpern", "Catherine Longo", "Julia S. Stewart Lowndes", "Benjamin D. Best", "Melanie Frazier", "Steven K. Katona", "Kristin M. Kleisner", "Andrew A. Rosenberg", "Courtney Scarborough", "Elizabeth R. Selig"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0117863.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Global_scores_for_the_Ocean_Health_Index_/1336308", "title"=>"Global scores for the Ocean Health Index.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-03-16 03:06:20"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1949464"], "description"=>"<p>Maps of the absolute difference of 2013 scores minus 2012 scores for each region for the overall Index (top panel) and four goals and sub-goals (bottom panels). Maps for all goals and sub-goals are presented in Figs. A-B in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0117863#pone.0117863.s001\" target=\"_blank\">S1 File</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ocean health", "Global Ocean Health International", "Ocean Health Index", "Index measures performance", "ocean ecosystem health need", "Index score"], "article_id"=>1336317, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Benjamin S. Halpern", "Catherine Longo", "Julia S. Stewart Lowndes", "Benjamin D. Best", "Melanie Frazier", "Steven K. Katona", "Kristin M. Kleisner", "Andrew A. Rosenberg", "Courtney Scarborough", "Elizabeth R. Selig"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0117863.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Change_in_Index_and_goal_scores_/1336317", "title"=>"Change in Index and goal scores.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-03-16 03:06:20"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1949460"], "description"=>"<p>Examples shown include three of the top five highest-scoring regions in the world, the three lowest scoring regions, and regions of potential interest.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ocean health", "Global Ocean Health International", "Ocean Health Index", "Index measures performance", "ocean ecosystem health need", "Index score"], "article_id"=>1336313, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Benjamin S. Halpern", "Catherine Longo", "Julia S. Stewart Lowndes", "Benjamin D. Best", "Melanie Frazier", "Steven K. Katona", "Kristin M. Kleisner", "Andrew A. Rosenberg", "Courtney Scarborough", "Elizabeth R. Selig"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0117863.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Index_and_goal_scores_for_representative_countries_and_territories_for_2013_/1336313", "title"=>"Index and goal scores for representative countries and territories for 2013.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-03-16 03:06:20"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1949472"], "description"=>"<div><p>International and regional policies aimed at managing ocean ecosystem health need quantitative and comprehensive indices to synthesize information from a variety of sources, consistently measure progress, and communicate with key constituencies and the public. Here we present the second annual global assessment of the Ocean Health Index, reporting current scores and annual changes since 2012, recalculated using updated methods and data based on the best available science, for 221 coastal countries and territories. The Index measures performance of ten societal goals for healthy oceans on a quantitative scale of increasing health from 0 to 100, and combines these scores into a single Index score, for each country and globally. The global Index score improved one point (from 67 to 68), while many country-level Index and goal scores had larger changes. Per-country Index scores ranged from 41–95 and, on average, improved by 0.06 points (range -8 to +12). Globally, average scores increased for individual goals by as much as 6.5 points (coastal economies) and decreased by as much as 1.2 points (natural products). Annual updates of the Index, even when not all input data have been updated, provide valuable information to scientists, policy makers, and resource managers because patterns and trends can emerge from the data that have been updated. Changes of even a few points indicate potential successes (when scores increase) that merit recognition, or concerns (when scores decrease) that may require mitigative action, with changes of more than 10–20 points representing large shifts that deserve greater attention. Goal scores showed remarkably little covariance across regions, indicating low redundancy in the Index, such that each goal delivers information about a different facet of ocean health. Together these scores provide a snapshot of global ocean health and suggest where countries have made progress and where a need for further improvement exists.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ocean health", "Global Ocean Health International", "Ocean Health Index", "Index measures performance", "ocean ecosystem health need", "Index score"], "article_id"=>1336325, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Benjamin S. Halpern", "Catherine Longo", "Julia S. Stewart Lowndes", "Benjamin D. Best", "Melanie Frazier", "Steven K. Katona", "Kristin M. Kleisner", "Andrew A. Rosenberg", "Courtney Scarborough", "Elizabeth R. Selig"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0117863", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>8, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Patterns_and_Emerging_Trends_in_Global_Ocean_Health_/1336325", "title"=>"Patterns and Emerging Trends in Global Ocean Health", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-03-16 03:06:20"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1949468"], "description"=>"<p>Further details are provided in the Supplementary Methods in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0117863#pone.0117863.s001\" target=\"_blank\">S1 File</a>.</p><p>The ten goals and their component sub-goals that comprise the Ocean Health Index, along with a brief description of the benefit measured by the goal.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ocean health", "Global Ocean Health International", "Ocean Health Index", "Index measures performance", "ocean ecosystem health need", "Index score"], "article_id"=>1336321, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Benjamin S. Halpern", "Catherine Longo", "Julia S. Stewart Lowndes", "Benjamin D. Best", "Melanie Frazier", "Steven K. Katona", "Kristin M. Kleisner", "Andrew A. Rosenberg", "Courtney Scarborough", "Elizabeth R. Selig"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0117863.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_ten_goals_and_their_component_sub_goals_that_comprise_the_Ocean_Health_Index_along_with_a_brief_description_of_the_benefit_measured_by_the_goal_/1336321", "title"=>"The ten goals and their component sub-goals that comprise the Ocean Health Index, along with a brief description of the benefit measured by the goal.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-03-16 03:06:20"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1949466"], "description"=>"<p>Scores per region are compared to A) human development index (HDI) scores, B) country-level population (natural log-transformed), and C) country-level gross domestic product (GDP, natural log-transformed).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ocean health", "Global Ocean Health International", "Ocean Health Index", "Index measures performance", "ocean ecosystem health need", "Index score"], "article_id"=>1336319, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Benjamin S. Halpern", "Catherine Longo", "Julia S. Stewart Lowndes", "Benjamin D. Best", "Melanie Frazier", "Steven K. Katona", "Kristin M. Kleisner", "Andrew A. Rosenberg", "Courtney Scarborough", "Elizabeth R. Selig"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0117863.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>7, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Relationship_between_Ocean_Health_Index_scores_and_potential_predictor_variables_/1336319", "title"=>"Relationship between Ocean Health Index scores and potential predictor variables.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-03-16 03:06:20"}

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  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"8"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2015-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2015-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[]}
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Net::HTTPInternalServerError

Source
Counter
Time
2019-04-06 02:41:56 UTC
Target URL
http://counter-101.soma.plos.org/api/v1.0/stats/doi/10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0117863
Trace

/app/models/concerns/networkable.rb:21:in `get_result'
/app/models/source.rb:165:in `get_data'
/app/models/retrieval_status.rb:47:in `perform_get_data'
/app/jobs/source_job.rb:52:in `block (2 levels) in perform'
/app/jobs/source_job.rb:51:in `block in perform'
/app/jobs/source_job.rb:35:in `each'
/app/jobs/source_job.rb:35:in `perform'