Diversity of Intestinal Clostridium coccoides Group in the Japanese Population, as Demonstrated by Reverse Transcription-Quantitative PCR
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{"title"=>"Diversity of intestinal Clostridium coccoides group in the Japanese population, as demonstrated by reverse transcription-quantitative PCR", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Takashi", "last_name"=>"Kurakawa", "scopus_author_id"=>"56429921300"}, {"first_name"=>"Kiyohito", "last_name"=>"Ogata", "scopus_author_id"=>"55913327000"}, {"first_name"=>"Kazunori", "last_name"=>"Matsuda", "scopus_author_id"=>"56919077600"}, {"first_name"=>"Hirokazu", "last_name"=>"Tsuji", "scopus_author_id"=>"35605089800"}, {"first_name"=>"Hiroyuki", "last_name"=>"Kubota", "scopus_author_id"=>"36637567100"}, {"first_name"=>"Toshihiko", "last_name"=>"Takada", "scopus_author_id"=>"7202752048"}, {"first_name"=>"Yukiko", "last_name"=>"Kado", "scopus_author_id"=>"15762731500"}, {"first_name"=>"Takashi", "last_name"=>"Asahara", "scopus_author_id"=>"23108449300"}, {"first_name"=>"Takuya", "last_name"=>"Takahashi", "scopus_author_id"=>"56918876800"}, {"first_name"=>"Koji", "last_name"=>"Nomoto", "scopus_author_id"=>"56450119800"}], "year"=>2015, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84930625746", "pui"=>"604611920", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0126226", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "sgr"=>"84930625746", "pmid"=>"26000453"}, "id"=>"23e40c86-b671-3690-8532-7dafe71b13fa", "abstract"=>"We used sensitive rRNA-targeted reverse transcription-quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) to quantify the Clostridium coccoides group, which is a major anaerobic population in the human intestine. For this purpose, the C. coccoides group was classified into 3 subgroups and 19 species for expediency in accordance with the existing database, and specific primers were newly developed to evaluate them. Population levels of the C. coccoides group in human feces determined by RT-qPCR were equivalent to those determined by fluorescence in situ hybridization. RT-qPCR analysis of fecal samples from 96 volunteers (32 young children, 32 adults and 32 elderly) by using the 22 new primer sets together with the C. coccoides group-specific primer setm revealed that (i) total counts obtained as the sum of the 3 subgroups and 19 species were equivalent to the results obtained by using the C. coccoides group-specific primer set; (ii) total C. coccoides-group counts in the elderly were significantly lower than those in young children and adults; (iii) genus Blautia was the most common subgroup in the human intestinal C. coccoides-group populations at all age populations tested; (iv) the prevalences of Fusicatenibacter saccharivorans and genus Dorea were significantly higher in adults than in young children and the elderly; and (v) the prevalences of C. scindens and C. hylemonae, both of which produce secondary bile acid in the human intestine, were significantly higher in the elderly than in young children and adults. Hierarchical clustering and principal component analysis showed clear separation of the bacterial components between adult and elderly populations. Taken together, these data suggest that aging plays an important role in the diversity of C. coccoides-group populations in human intestinal microbiota; changes in this diversity likely influence the health of the host.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/diversity-intestinal-clostridium-coccoides-group-japanese-population-demonstrated-reverse-transcript", "reader_count"=>43, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Librarian"=>1, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Researcher"=>13, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>9, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>7, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>3, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Librarian"=>1, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Researcher"=>13, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>9, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>7, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>3, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>4, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>29, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>3, "Social Sciences"=>1, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>5}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>3}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>1}, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>{"Immunology and Microbiology"=>5}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>29}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>4}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Japan"=>1, "France"=>1}, "group_count"=>0}

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Figshare

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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2080012"], "description"=>"<p>Blue, red, and green plots show young children, adults and the elderly, respectively. Arrows indicate characteristic vectors of the upper 4 factor loadings.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["primer", "pcr", "3 subgroups", "Intestinal Clostridium coccoides Group", "coccoides group", "Clostridium coccoides group", "19 species"], "article_id"=>1424068, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Takashi Kurakawa", "Kiyohito Ogata", "Kazunori Matsuda", "Hirokazu Tsuji", "Hiroyuki Kubota", "Toshihiko Takada", "Yukiko Kado", "Takashi Asahara", "Takuya Takahashi", "Koji Nomoto"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0126226.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Principal_component_analysis_PCA_of_bacterial_counts_determined_by_using_22_primers_in_32_young_children_32_adults_and_32_elderly_/1424068", "title"=>"Principal component analysis (PCA) of bacterial counts determined by using 22 primers in 32 young children, 32 adults, and 32 elderly.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-05-22 03:33:45"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2080007"], "description"=>"<p>Scale bar represents 0.1 substitutions per nucleotide position. The <i>Escherichia coli</i> sequence was used as an outgroup for rooting the tree.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["primer", "pcr", "3 subgroups", "Intestinal Clostridium coccoides Group", "coccoides group", "Clostridium coccoides group", "19 species"], "article_id"=>1424063, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Takashi Kurakawa", "Kiyohito Ogata", "Kazunori Matsuda", "Hirokazu Tsuji", "Hiroyuki Kubota", "Toshihiko Takada", "Yukiko Kado", "Takashi Asahara", "Takuya Takahashi", "Koji Nomoto"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0126226.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>20, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Phylogenetic_tree_showing_the_relationships_among_16S_rRNA_gene_sequences_of_the_Clostridium_coccoides_group_/1424063", "title"=>"Phylogenetic tree showing the relationships among 16S rRNA gene sequences of the <i>Clostridium coccoides</i> group.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-05-22 03:33:45"}

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{"start_date"=>"2015-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2015-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[]}
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