Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation of the Left Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortex Shifts Preference of Moral Judgments
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{"title"=>"Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation of the Left Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortex Shifts Preference of Moral Judgments", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Maria", "last_name"=>"Kuehne"}, {"first_name"=>"Kai", "last_name"=>"Heimrath"}, {"first_name"=>"Hans-Jochen", "last_name"=>"Heinze"}, {"first_name"=>"Tino", "last_name"=>"Zaehle"}], "year"=>2015, "source"=>"PLOS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"1932-6203", "pmid"=>"25985442", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0127061"}, "id"=>"13c5bd6c-c99d-395b-a40a-865ed89c8836", "abstract"=>"Attitude to morality, reflecting cultural norms and values, is considered unique to human social behavior. Resulting moral behavior in a social environment is controlled by a widespread neural network including the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC), which plays an important role in decision making. In the present study we investigate the influence of neurophysiological modulation of DLPFC reactivity by means of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) on moral reasoning. For that purpose we administered anodal, cathodal, and sham stimulation of the left DLPFC while subjects judged the appropriateness of hard moral personal dilemmas. In contrast to sham and cathodal stimulation, anodal stimulation induced a shift in judgment of personal moral dilemmas towards more non-utilitarian actions. Our results demonstrate that alterations of left DLPFC activity can change moral judgments and, in consequence, provide a causal link between left DLPFC activity and moral reasoning. Most important, the observed shift towards non-utilitarian actions suggests that moral decision making is not a permanent individual trait but can be manipulated; consequently individuals with boundless, uncontrollable, and maladaptive moral behavior, such as found in psychopathy, might benefit from neuromodulation-based approaches.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-left-dorsolateral-prefrontal-cortex-shifts-preference-moral-2", "reader_count"=>43, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>3, "Researcher"=>6, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>11, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>9, "Student > Bachelor"=>6, "Lecturer"=>1, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>3, "Researcher"=>6, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>11, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>9, "Student > Bachelor"=>6, "Lecturer"=>1, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>2, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>8, "Neuroscience"=>5, "Arts and Humanities"=>1, "Sports and Recreations"=>1, "Psychology"=>21, "Social Sciences"=>1, "Computer Science"=>1, "Energy"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>8}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>5}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>1}, "Energy"=>{"Energy"=>1}, "Sports and Recreations"=>{"Sports and Recreations"=>1}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>21}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>2}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>2}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"United States"=>1, "Japan"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>1, "Spain"=>1}, "group_count"=>2}

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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2072507"], "description"=>"<div><p>Attitude to morality, reflecting cultural norms and values, is considered unique to human social behavior. Resulting moral behavior in a social environment is controlled by a widespread neural network including the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC), which plays an important role in decision making. In the present study we investigate the influence of neurophysiological modulation of DLPFC reactivity by means of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) on moral reasoning. For that purpose we administered anodal, cathodal, and sham stimulation of the left DLPFC while subjects judged the appropriateness of hard moral personal dilemmas. In contrast to sham and cathodal stimulation, anodal stimulation induced a shift in judgment of personal moral dilemmas towards more non-utilitarian actions. Our results demonstrate that alterations of left DLPFC activity can change moral judgments and, in consequence, provide a causal link between left DLPFC activity and moral reasoning. Most important, the observed shift towards non-utilitarian actions suggests that moral decision making is not a permanent individual trait but can be manipulated; consequently individuals with boundless, uncontrollable, and maladaptive moral behavior, such as found in psychopathy, might benefit from neuromodulation-based approaches.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Left Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortex Shifts Preference", "cathodal", "DLPFC activity", "reasoning", "stimulation", "dilemmas", "Moral Judgments Attitude", "sham", "anodal", "dorsolateral prefrontal cortex", "judgment", "shift"], "article_id"=>1418703, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Maria Kuehne", "Kai Heimrath", "Hans-Jochen Heinze", "Tino Zaehle"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0127061", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Transcranial_Direct_Current_Stimulation_of_the_Left_Dorsolateral_Prefrontal_Cortex_Shifts_Preference_of_Moral_Judgments_/1418703", "title"=>"Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation of the Left Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortex Shifts Preference of Moral Judgments", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-05-18 03:06:08"}

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Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2015-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2015-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[]}
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