Three-Dimensional Muscle Architecture and Comprehensive Dynamic Properties of Rabbit Gastrocnemius, Plantaris and Soleus: Input for Simulation Studies
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{"title"=>"Three-dimensional muscle architecture and comprehensive dynamic properties of rabbit gastrocnemius, plantaris and soleus: Input for simulation studies", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Tobias", "last_name"=>"Siebert", "scopus_author_id"=>"23393704700"}, {"first_name"=>"Kay", "last_name"=>"Leichsenring", "scopus_author_id"=>"55347209900"}, {"first_name"=>"Christian", "last_name"=>"Rode", "scopus_author_id"=>"23393715300"}, {"first_name"=>"Carolin", "last_name"=>"Wick", "scopus_author_id"=>"56723710300"}, {"first_name"=>"Norman", "last_name"=>"Stutzig", "scopus_author_id"=>"35767029000"}, {"first_name"=>"Harald", "last_name"=>"Schubert", "scopus_author_id"=>"56747302100"}, {"first_name"=>"Reinhard", "last_name"=>"Blickhan", "scopus_author_id"=>"6701834292"}, {"first_name"=>"Markus", "last_name"=>"Böl", "scopus_author_id"=>"9037978500"}], "year"=>2015, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pui"=>"605407866", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)\\r1932-6203 (Linking)", "issn"=>"19326203", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0130985", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84937115082", "pmid"=>"26114955", "sgr"=>"84937115082"}, "id"=>"868a877e-b1df-3dab-9fd3-3e3a659e28ba", "abstract"=>"The vastly increasing number of neuro-muscular simulation studies (with increasing numbers of muscles used per simulation) is in sharp contrast to a narrow database of necessary muscle parameters. Simulation results depend heavily on rough parameter estimates often obtained by scaling of one muscle parameter set. However, in vivo muscles differ in their individual properties and architecture. Here we provide a comprehensive dataset of dynamic (n = 6 per muscle) and geometric (three-dimensional architecture, n = 3 per muscle) muscle properties of the rabbit calf muscles gastrocnemius, plantaris, and soleus. For completeness we provide the dynamic muscle properties for further important shank muscles (flexor digitorum longus, extensor digitorum longus, and tibialis anterior; n = 1 per muscle). Maximum shortening velocity (normalized to optimal fiber length) of the gastrocnemius is about twice that of soleus, while plantaris showed an intermediate value. The force-velocity relation is similar for gastrocnemius and plantaris but is much more bent for the soleus. Although the muscles vary greatly in their three-dimensional architecture their mean pennation angle and normalized force-length relationships are almost similar. Forces of the muscles were enhanced in the isometric phase following stretching and were depressed following shortening compared to the corresponding isometric forces. While the enhancement was independent of the ramp velocity, the depression was inversely related to the ramp velocity. The lowest effect strength for soleus supports the idea that these effects adapt to muscle function. The careful acquisition of typical dynamical parameters (e.g. force-length and force-velocity relations, force elongation relations of passive components), enhancement and depression effects, and 3D muscle architecture of calf muscles provides valuable comprehensive datasets for e.g. simulations with neuro-muscular models, development of more realistic muscle models, or simulation of muscle packages.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/threedimensional-muscle-architecture-comprehensive-dynamic-properties-rabbit-gastrocnemius-plantaris", "reader_count"=>34, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>5, "Researcher"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>13, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>3, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>4}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>5, "Researcher"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>13, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>3, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>4}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Engineering"=>6, "Unspecified"=>4, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>9, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>2, "Sports and Recreations"=>7, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>1, "Physics and Astronomy"=>3}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>6}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>2}, "Sports and Recreations"=>{"Sports and Recreations"=>7}, "Physics and Astronomy"=>{"Physics and Astronomy"=>3}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>9}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>4}, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>{"Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Sweden"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>1, "Germany"=>3}, "group_count"=>2}

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2153104"], "description"=>"<p>The muscle model [<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0130985#pone.0130985.ref028\" target=\"_blank\">28</a>, <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0130985#pone.0130985.ref029\" target=\"_blank\">29</a>] for which the parameters are determined in this study consists of a contractile component (CC), a serial elastic component (SEC) and a parallel elastic component (PEC). Muscle components and associated muscle properties (force-velocity relation, force-length relation, activation-time relation, force-elongation relation of SEC and PEC) are marked with the same background color. Corresponding model parameters are explained in section 2.3.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["rabbit calf muscles gastrocnemius", "Comprehensive Dynamic Properties", "extensor digitorum longus", "muscle properties", "flexor digitorum longus", "ramp velocity", "3 D muscle architecture", "force elongation relations"], "article_id"=>1466354, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Tobias Siebert", "Kay Leichsenring", "Christian Rode", "Carolin Wick", "Norman Stutzig", "Harald Schubert", "Reinhard Blickhan", "Markus Böl"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0130985.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>16, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Hill_type_muscle_model_and_associated_muscle_properties_/1466354", "title"=>"Hill-type muscle model and associated muscle properties.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-06-26 04:42:45"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2153105"], "description"=>"<p>(A) Medial view of the left pelvic limb and the calf muscles whose dynamic muscle properties and architecture have been determined (GAS, PLA, SOL). The grey dashed line marks the transversal cross-section of the limb shown in (B). For the grey muscles (FDL, EDL, and TA), only dynamic muscle properties were determined (see <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0130985#sec014\" target=\"_blank\">Supporting Information</a>, <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0130985#pone.0130985.s014\" target=\"_blank\">S1 Text</a>). White muscles (**<i>peronaei</i> muscles, * <i>M</i>. <i>extensor hallucis longus</i>) were not examined. The axes are shown for orientation.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["rabbit calf muscles gastrocnemius", "Comprehensive Dynamic Properties", "extensor digitorum longus", "muscle properties", "flexor digitorum longus", "ramp velocity", "3 D muscle architecture", "force elongation relations"], "article_id"=>1466355, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Tobias Siebert", "Kay Leichsenring", "Christian Rode", "Carolin Wick", "Norman Stutzig", "Harald Schubert", "Reinhard Blickhan", "Markus Böl"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0130985.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>17, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Schematic_of_the_rabbit_calf_muscles_/1466355", "title"=>"Schematic of the rabbit calf muscles.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-06-26 04:42:45"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2153106"], "description"=>"<p>The black curves indicate mean values, whereas the grey areas depict the standard deviations. First row: force–length (<i>f</i><sub><i>l</i></sub>) relation. <i>F</i><sub><i>im</i></sub> is the maximum isometric muscle force, <i>l</i><sub><i>CC</i></sub> and <i>l</i><sub><i>CCopt</i></sub> are the length and the optimal length of the contractile component, respectively. To avoid muscle damage, the muscles were lengthened until passive forces reached about 0.2 <i>F</i><sub><i>im</i></sub> (marked with a white circle). Second row: force–velocity (<i>f</i><sub><i>v</i></sub>) relation. <i>v</i><sub><i>CCmax</i></sub> is the maximal shortening velocity of the contractile component. Third row: Force–strain relation of the series elastic component (SEC). <i>Δl</i><sub><i>SEC</i></sub> and <i>l</i><sub><i>SEC0</i></sub> are the length change and the slack length of the series elastic component, respectively. Last row: Force–strain relation of the parallel elastic component (PEC). <i>Δl</i><sub><i>PEC</i></sub> and <i>l</i><sub><i>PEC0</i></sub> are the length change and the slack length of the parallel elastic component, respectively.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["rabbit calf muscles gastrocnemius", "Comprehensive Dynamic Properties", "extensor digitorum longus", "muscle properties", "flexor digitorum longus", "ramp velocity", "3 D muscle architecture", "force elongation relations"], "article_id"=>1466356, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Tobias Siebert", "Kay Leichsenring", "Christian Rode", "Carolin Wick", "Norman Stutzig", "Harald Schubert", "Reinhard Blickhan", "Markus Böl"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0130985.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>31, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Muscle_properties_of_GAS_PLA_and_SOL_/1466356", "title"=>"Muscle properties of GAS, PLA, and SOL.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-06-26 04:42:45"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2153107"], "description"=>"<p>Typical experiments are shown for one GAS (<i>m</i> = 14.8 g), SOL (<i>m</i> = 3.3 g), and PLA (<i>m</i> = 7.5 g), respectively. Exemplary isokinetic ramps are depicted for GAS in the top row; numbers without units indicate velocity in mean fascicle lengths per second. FE (difference between black triangles) and FD (difference between white triangles) are the force difference between ramp experiment (black) and isometric reference contraction (grey) determined 500ms (GAS, PLA) and 1300ms (SOL) after the end of the ramp, shown exemplarily for the slowest (0.35 <i>l</i><sub><i>fm</i></sub>/s) ramp.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["rabbit calf muscles gastrocnemius", "Comprehensive Dynamic Properties", "extensor digitorum longus", "muscle properties", "flexor digitorum longus", "ramp velocity", "3 D muscle architecture", "force elongation relations"], "article_id"=>1466357, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Tobias Siebert", "Kay Leichsenring", "Christian Rode", "Carolin Wick", "Norman Stutzig", "Harald Schubert", "Reinhard Blickhan", "Markus Böl"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0130985.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>67, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Force_enhancement_FE_and_force_depression_FD_experiments_/1466357", "title"=>"Force enhancement (FE) and force depression (FD) experiments.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-06-26 04:42:45"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2153108"], "description"=>"<p>Muscle fascicles of GAS medialis and lateralis are shown in light red and yellow, respectively. The proximodistal axis corresponds to the mean force axis of the calf muscles, running from mean muscle origin at the humerus to the insertion at the calcaneus. The corresponding 3D data of the muscle fascicles are provided in the Supporting Information (<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0130985#pone.0130985.s002\" target=\"_blank\">S2</a>–<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0130985#pone.0130985.s004\" target=\"_blank\">S4</a> Datasets).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["rabbit calf muscles gastrocnemius", "Comprehensive Dynamic Properties", "extensor digitorum longus", "muscle properties", "flexor digitorum longus", "ramp velocity", "3 D muscle architecture", "force elongation relations"], "article_id"=>1466358, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Tobias Siebert", "Kay Leichsenring", "Christian Rode", "Carolin Wick", "Norman Stutzig", "Harald Schubert", "Reinhard Blickhan", "Markus Böl"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0130985.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>27, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Muscle_architectures_of_GAS_PLA_and_SOL_of_R1_left_pelvic_limb_/1466358", "title"=>"Muscle architectures of GAS, PLA, and SOL of R1 left pelvic limb.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-06-26 04:42:45"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2153109"], "description"=>"<p>Muscle and animal mass as well as the muscle-tendon complex length <i>L</i><sub><i>MTC_0</i></sub> measured at ankle and knee joint angles of 90° (cf. <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0130985#pone.0130985.g001\" target=\"_blank\">Fig 1</a>). <i>n</i>: number of muscles.</p><p>*Architecture of GAS, PLA, and SOL was determined from the left legs of three rabbits.</p><p>Specifications of observed muscles.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["rabbit calf muscles gastrocnemius", "Comprehensive Dynamic Properties", "extensor digitorum longus", "muscle properties", "flexor digitorum longus", "ramp velocity", "3 D muscle architecture", "force elongation relations"], "article_id"=>1466359, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Tobias Siebert", "Kay Leichsenring", "Christian Rode", "Carolin Wick", "Norman Stutzig", "Harald Schubert", "Reinhard Blickhan", "Markus Böl"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0130985.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>14, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Specifications_of_observed_muscles_/1466359", "title"=>"Specifications of observed muscles.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-06-26 04:42:45"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2153110", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2153111", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2153112", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2153113", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2153114", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2153115", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2153116", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2153117", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2153118", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2153119", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2153120", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2153121", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2153122", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2153123", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2153124"], "description"=>"<div><p>The vastly increasing number of neuro-muscular simulation studies (with increasing numbers of muscles used per simulation) is in sharp contrast to a narrow database of necessary muscle parameters. Simulation results depend heavily on rough parameter estimates often obtained by scaling of one muscle parameter set. However, <i>in vivo</i> muscles differ in their individual properties and architecture. Here we provide a comprehensive dataset of dynamic (<i>n</i> = 6 per muscle) and geometric (three-dimensional architecture, <i>n</i> = 3 per muscle) muscle properties of the rabbit calf muscles gastrocnemius, plantaris, and soleus. For completeness we provide the dynamic muscle properties for further important shank muscles (flexor digitorum longus, extensor digitorum longus, and tibialis anterior; <i>n</i> = 1 per muscle). Maximum shortening velocity (normalized to optimal fiber length) of the gastrocnemius is about twice that of soleus, while plantaris showed an intermediate value. The force-velocity relation is similar for gastrocnemius and plantaris but is much more bent for the soleus. Although the muscles vary greatly in their three-dimensional architecture their mean pennation angle and normalized force-length relationships are almost similar. Forces of the muscles were enhanced in the isometric phase following stretching and were depressed following shortening compared to the corresponding isometric forces. While the enhancement was independent of the ramp velocity, the depression was inversely related to the ramp velocity. The lowest effect strength for soleus supports the idea that these effects adapt to muscle function. The careful acquisition of typical dynamical parameters (e.g. force-length and force-velocity relations, force elongation relations of passive components), enhancement and depression effects, and 3D muscle architecture of calf muscles provides valuable comprehensive datasets for e.g. simulations with neuro-muscular models, development of more realistic muscle models, or simulation of muscle packages.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["rabbit calf muscles gastrocnemius", "Comprehensive Dynamic Properties", "extensor digitorum longus", "muscle properties", "flexor digitorum longus", "ramp velocity", "3 D muscle architecture", "force elongation relations"], "article_id"=>1466360, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Tobias Siebert", "Kay Leichsenring", "Christian Rode", "Carolin Wick", "Norman Stutzig", "Harald Schubert", "Reinhard Blickhan", "Markus Böl"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0130985.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0130985.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0130985.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0130985.s004", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0130985.s005", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0130985.s006", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0130985.s007", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0130985.s008", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0130985.s009", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0130985.s010", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0130985.s011", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0130985.s012", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0130985.s013", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0130985.s014", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0130985.s015"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>9, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Three_Dimensional_Muscle_Architecture_and_Comprehensive_Dynamic_Properties_of_Rabbit_Gastrocnemius_Plantaris_and_Soleus_Input_for_Simulation_Studies_/1466360", "title"=>"Three-Dimensional Muscle Architecture and Comprehensive Dynamic Properties of Rabbit Gastrocnemius, Plantaris and Soleus: Input for Simulation Studies", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2015-06-26 04:42:45"}

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{"start_date"=>"2015-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2015-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[]}
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