Histological and Ultrastructural Studies on the Conjunctiva of the Barred Owl (Strix varia)
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{"title"=>"Histological and ultrastructural studies on the conjunctiva of the barred owl (Strix varia)", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Brian", "last_name"=>"Jochems", "scopus_author_id"=>"57076915900"}, {"first_name"=>"Thomas E.", "last_name"=>"Phillips", "scopus_author_id"=>"7401766288"}], "year"=>2015, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"sgr"=>"84955510725", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84955510725", "pui"=>"607878091", "issn"=>"19326203", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0142783"}, "id"=>"0efe24f6-cad0-3fc5-9f75-18850f59baa4", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/histological-ultrastructural-studies-conjunctiva-barred-owl-strix-varia", "reader_count"=>7, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Researcher"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>1, "Other"=>1, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1, "Student > Master"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Researcher"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>1, "Other"=>1, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1, "Student > Master"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>4, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>4}, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>{"Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>2}}, "group_count"=>0}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2438200"], "description"=>"<p>(A) Panoramic view of the superior conjunctiva created using 51 overlapping images of an H&E-stained paraffin section. A physical tear in the mucosa that occurred during processing is marked by an *. Bar = 1000 μm. (B) Inferior conjunctiva panoramic composite formed from 62 images. Large adipose pads (AP) are present in the center of the marginal zone of both the superior and inferior conjunctiva. The arrows labeled C through H on Figs 2A and 2B show the approximate location of the high power magnification views shown in Figs 2C through 2H. Bar = 1000 μm. (C) Distal orbital zone of the superior conjunctiva. Goblet cells (black arrows) are interspersed amongst epithelial cells with cytofilia extensions (green arrows) similar to those more extensively expressed in the third eyelid. Bar = 10 μm. (D) Proximal orbital zone of superior conjunctiva. The goblet cells (black arrows) in this region are intermixed with columnar epithelial cells that lack the cytofilia seen in more distal regions. Bar = 10 μm. (E) Marginal zone of the superior conjunctiva. The thick stratified squamous epithelium has a thick keratinized coat. Melanosomes can be observed in cells throughout the full thickness of the epithelium and into the keratinized layer. Bar = 10 μm. (F) The orbital zone of the inferior conjunctiva is typically more folded than the superior region. Plump goblet cells (black arrows) filled with mucous granules are scattered throughout the epithelium. Bar = 10 μm. (G) The plate region of the inferior conjunctiva is a stratified cuboidal epithelium with fewer goblet cells than seen in the orbital zone. It was not unusual to see granulocytes (green arrows) with eosinophilic granules within the epithelial layer or in the connective tissue just below it. Bar = 10 μm. (H) In the distal quarter of the marginal zone, the epithelium remains stratified squamous but is no longer keratinized as typically seen in the proximal marginal zone. The number of melanosomes present in the epithelium begins decreasing as the epithelium gets closer to the plate region. Goblet cells (black arrows) can be found in this region but are not generally found more proximally. Granulocytes (green arrows) are also found in the distal marginal zone but they are not typically as abundant as they are in the plate region. Bar = 10 μm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["palpebral conjunctival surface", "apical membrane specializations", "eyelid", "epithelium", "cytoplasmic extensions", "goblet cells", "mucous secretory granules"], "article_id"=>1601376, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Brian Jochems", "Thomas E. Phillips"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0142783.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Superior_and_inferior_eyelids_/1601376", "title"=>"Superior and inferior eyelids.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-11-12 03:10:22"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2438201"], "description"=>"<p>(A) Proximal marginal zone of an inferior eyelid. The lectin MAL-I (red) has stained the collagen and epidermal cell membranes. The endothelial cells lining small caliber blood vessels (BV) were stained by SBA (green). In all fluorescent images, the nuclei have been stained with DAPI (blue). Bar = 30 μm. (B) Orbital epithelium in the inferior conjunctiva stained with WGA (green) and VVA (red). The labeling pattern show in this image illustrates the difficulty in quantifying lectin staining of mucous secretory glycoproteins. Three plump goblet cells are predominately stained by only WGA (green arrows) while the secretory granules in another goblet cell stain equally with WGA and VVA (yellow arrow) and another cell has a mix of WGA + VVA-positive granules interspersed with WGA-only stained granules (white arrow). Finally, two cells with smaller concentrations of secretory vesicles are predominately stained only by VVA (red arrows). VVA also diffusely stains collagen in the underlying lamina propria and vividly stains the endothelia of two capillaries (BV) at the base of the epithelium. Bar = 10 μm. (C) The fibrous plate epithelium in barred owl #3 showed an unusually high number of goblet cells compared to the other birds. The goblet cell on the far left (arrow) is filled with secretory granules that are predominately LCA-positive (red) with a few distinct granules stained by WGA (green). Neighboring goblet cells are predominately labeled by WGA (green) with only a few LCA-stained granules. The WGA and LCA-stained granules appeared to be distinct populations within single cells rather than being a mixture of the two binding sites in a single granule such as more commonly seen with other lectin pairs. Note also that the most superficial layer of epithelium has relatively few glycoprotein-filled secretory granules consistent with rapid secretion of the mucin glycoproteins once the cell reaches the surface. The apical surface of the superficial layer is much flatter and only has a limited number of short microvilli compared to the plates shown in Figs 3D and <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0142783#pone.0142783.g004\" target=\"_blank\">4B</a>. Bar = 10 μm. (D) Plate epithelial cells showing cytoplasmic extensions (yellow arrows) of the apical membrane similar to those found on the third eyelid’s bulbar surface. WGA (green) stains the apical surface of the superficial layer, a few secretory granules in the mid-zone of the epithelium (white arrows), and the collagen in the underlying connective tissue. GSL isolectin B4 (red) stains only the endothelial cells of small capillaries (BV) at the base of the epithelial layer. Bar = 10 μm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["palpebral conjunctival surface", "apical membrane specializations", "eyelid", "epithelium", "cytoplasmic extensions", "goblet cells", "mucous secretory granules"], "article_id"=>1601377, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Brian Jochems", "Thomas E. Phillips"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0142783.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Lectin_labeling_of_inferior_conjunctiva_/1601377", "title"=>"Lectin labeling of inferior conjunctiva.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-11-12 03:10:22"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2438202"], "description"=>"<p>(A) Granulocytes (G) with bright red secretory granules can be seen penetrating the epithelia layer of the fibrous plate in an H&E stained paraffin section. Bar = 10 μm. (B) Plate epithelium stained with a combination of LEL (red) and GSL-I (green). GSL-I intensely stains the secretory granules of granulocytes (G) in the plate epithelial layer and underlying connective tissue. LEL stains the collagen, microvilli and a few secretory granules in a cell (red arrows) located in approximately the middle layer of the stratified plate epithelium. The microvilli on the surface of these plate epithelial cells are short stubby compared to those in the plate regions illustrated in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0142783#pone.0142783.g003\" target=\"_blank\">Fig 3C and 3D</a>. Endothelial cells lining blood vessels (BV) are stained by both LEL and GSL-I. Bar = 10 μm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["palpebral conjunctival surface", "apical membrane specializations", "eyelid", "epithelium", "cytoplasmic extensions", "goblet cells", "mucous secretory granules"], "article_id"=>1601378, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Brian Jochems", "Thomas E. Phillips"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0142783.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Granulocytes_in_the_plate_region_/1601378", "title"=>"Granulocytes in the plate region.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-11-12 03:10:22"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2438203"], "description"=>"<p>(A) Peroxidase-positive reaction in granules (arrows) of granulocytes in a perivascular cuff demonstrates these cells are eosinophils. Bar = 10 μm. (B) A transmission electron microscopic view of a similar perivascular cuff of granulocytes (G) surrounding a small blood vessel in orbital zone of the inferior conjunctiva. A nucleated red blood cell (RBC) is present in the vessel. Bar = 2 μm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["palpebral conjunctival surface", "apical membrane specializations", "eyelid", "epithelium", "cytoplasmic extensions", "goblet cells", "mucous secretory granules"], "article_id"=>1601379, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Brian Jochems", "Thomas E. Phillips"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0142783.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Eosinophils_/1601379", "title"=>"Eosinophils.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-11-12 03:10:22"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2438220"], "description"=>"<p>(A) Panoramic composite view of H&E-stained paraffin section of third eyelid made from 14 images. The point where the smooth stratified epithelium on the bulbar surface first begins to show cytoplasmic extensions is marked by the open arrow. Bar = 500 μm. (B) Bulbar surface of the third eyelid illustrating cytoplasmic extensions with lateral cytofilia (arrows) coming off of them. Bar = 10 μm. (C) The apical membrane near the base of the cytoplasmic extensions is only labeled by MAL-I (green) while the membrane of the extensions and cytofilia are intensely labeled by ECL (red) Arrows point to circular profiles of the bulbous ends of the cytofilia. Bar = 10 μm. (D) Even when a cocktail of WGA, SBA, DBA, PNA and SBA (all red) are used, some cytofilia are more strongly labeled by GSL-I (green). The relative absence of lectin-stained secretory granules in Figs 6C and 6D underscores the negligible contribution of this epithelium to the mucin component of the tear film. Bar = 10 μm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["palpebral conjunctival surface", "apical membrane specializations", "eyelid", "epithelium", "cytoplasmic extensions", "goblet cells", "mucous secretory granules"], "article_id"=>1601382, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Brian Jochems", "Thomas E. Phillips"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0142783.g006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Light_microscopic_views_of_the_third_eyelid_/1601382", "title"=>"Light microscopic views of the third eyelid.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-11-12 03:10:22"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2438227"], "description"=>"<p>The cytoplasmic extension coming off the cell on the left spans from one margin of the cell to the next. The adjacent cell’s cytoplasmic extension is much narrower and involves only the central third of the apical membrane. Bar = 1 μm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["palpebral conjunctival surface", "apical membrane specializations", "eyelid", "epithelium", "cytoplasmic extensions", "goblet cells", "mucous secretory granules"], "article_id"=>1601389, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Brian Jochems", "Thomas E. Phillips"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0142783.g007", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Electron_microscopic_view_of_cytoplasmic_extensions_and_cytofilia_on_bulbar_epithelium_of_the_third_eyelid_/1601389", "title"=>"Electron microscopic view of cytoplasmic extensions and cytofilia on bulbar epithelium of the third eyelid.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-11-12 03:10:22"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2438237"], "description"=>"<p>The diameter of the cytoplasmic extensions and cytofilia were often irregular. Cytofilia frequently branched (arrows). Note the relative absence of secretory vesicles in the cytoplasmic extensions. Bar = 2 μm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["palpebral conjunctival surface", "apical membrane specializations", "eyelid", "epithelium", "cytoplasmic extensions", "goblet cells", "mucous secretory granules"], "article_id"=>1601398, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Brian Jochems", "Thomas E. Phillips"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0142783.g008", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Electron_microscopic_view_of_branching_irregular_cytoplasmic_extensions_and_cytofilia_/1601398", "title"=>"Electron microscopic view of branching, irregular cytoplasmic extensions and cytofilia.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-11-12 03:10:22"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2438238"], "description"=>"<p>Clinical history of birds used in this study.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["palpebral conjunctival surface", "apical membrane specializations", "eyelid", "epithelium", "cytoplasmic extensions", "goblet cells", "mucous secretory granules"], "article_id"=>1601399, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Brian Jochems", "Thomas E. Phillips"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0142783.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Clinical_history_of_birds_used_in_this_study_/1601399", "title"=>"Clinical history of birds used in this study.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-11-12 03:10:22"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2438239"], "description"=>"<p>Lectins used in this study and their nominal binding specificity.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["palpebral conjunctival surface", "apical membrane specializations", "eyelid", "epithelium", "cytoplasmic extensions", "goblet cells", "mucous secretory granules"], "article_id"=>1601400, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Brian Jochems", "Thomas E. Phillips"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0142783.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Lectins_used_in_this_study_and_their_nominal_binding_specificity_/1601400", "title"=>"Lectins used in this study and their nominal binding specificity.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-11-12 03:10:22"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2438199"], "description"=>"<p>The outer marginal edge has a scalloped appearance (delineated by tips of white arrows). Approximately the outer 2/3 of the marginal zone has heavy melanization before it makes a gradual transition to the melanin-free epithelia (black arrows). Hair-like filoplume feathers with few barbs are seen arising from the epidermal side of eyelid along the marginal edge. Bar = 1000 μm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["palpebral conjunctival surface", "apical membrane specializations", "eyelid", "epithelium", "cytoplasmic extensions", "goblet cells", "mucous secretory granules"], "article_id"=>1601375, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Brian Jochems", "Thomas E. Phillips"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0142783.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Marginal_region_of_superior_eyelid_/1601375", "title"=>"Marginal region of superior eyelid.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-11-12 03:10:22"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"5"}
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Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2015-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2015-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[]}
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