Wildlife Trade and Human Health in Lao PDR: An Assessment of the Zoonotic Disease Risk in Markets
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{"title"=>"Wildlife trade and human health in Lao PDR: An assessment of the zoonotic disease risk in markets", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Zoe F.", "last_name"=>"Greatorex", "scopus_author_id"=>"57188650660"}, {"first_name"=>"Sarah H.", "last_name"=>"Olson", "scopus_author_id"=>"55574244943"}, {"first_name"=>"Sinpakone", "last_name"=>"Singhalath", "scopus_author_id"=>"55583739900"}, {"first_name"=>"Soubanh", "last_name"=>"Silithammavong", "scopus_author_id"=>"55584114300"}, {"first_name"=>"Kongsy", "last_name"=>"Khammavong", "scopus_author_id"=>"55583998900"}, {"first_name"=>"Amanda E.", "last_name"=>"Fine", "scopus_author_id"=>"23102566700"}, {"first_name"=>"Wendy", "last_name"=>"Weisman", "scopus_author_id"=>"6602328473"}, {"first_name"=>"Bounlom", "last_name"=>"Douangngeun", "scopus_author_id"=>"25636725900"}, {"first_name"=>"Watthana", "last_name"=>"Theppangna", "scopus_author_id"=>"14826003500"}, {"first_name"=>"Lucy", "last_name"=>"Keatts", "scopus_author_id"=>"56941832300"}, {"first_name"=>"Martin", "last_name"=>"Gilbert", "scopus_author_id"=>"7202762498"}, {"first_name"=>"William B.", "last_name"=>"Karesh", "scopus_author_id"=>"7003884292"}, {"first_name"=>"Troy", "last_name"=>"Hansel", "scopus_author_id"=>"54888310300"}, {"first_name"=>"Susan", "last_name"=>"Zimicki", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603660048"}, {"first_name"=>"Kathleen", "last_name"=>"O'Rourke", "scopus_author_id"=>"57188650865"}, {"first_name"=>"Damien O.", "last_name"=>"Joly", "scopus_author_id"=>"7005670706"}, {"first_name"=>"Jonna A.K.", "last_name"=>"Mazet", "scopus_author_id"=>"7005723108"}], "year"=>2016, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0150666", "sgr"=>"84962053154", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84962053154", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "pmid"=>"27008628", "pui"=>"609304087"}, "id"=>"a537d86f-90fe-338b-9ab6-e945041d2de8", "abstract"=>"Although the majority of emerging infectious diseases can be linked to wildlife sources, most pathogen spillover events to people could likely be avoided if transmission was better understood and practices adjusted to mitigate risk. Wildlife trade can facilitate zoonotic dis- ease transmission and represents a threat to human health and economies in Asia, highlighted by the 2003 SARS coronavirus outbreak, where a Chinese wildlife market facili- tated pathogen transmission. Additionally, wildlife trade poses a serious threat to biodiver- sity. Therefore, the combined impacts of Asian wildlife trade, sometimes termed bush meat trade, on public health and biodiversity need assessing. From 2010 to 2013, observational data were collected in Lao PDR from markets selling wildlife, including information on vol- ume, form, species and price of wildlife; market biosafety and visitor origin. The potential for traded wildlife to host zoonotic diseases that pose a serious threat to human health was then evaluated at seven markets identified as having high volumes of trade. At the seven markets, during 21 observational surveys, 1,937 alive or fresh dead mammals (approxi- mately 1,009 kg) were observed for sale, including mammals from 12 taxonomic families previously documented to be capable of hosting 36 zoonotic pathogens. In these seven markets, the combination of high wildlife volumes, high risk taxa for zoonoses and poor bio- safety increases the potential for pathogen presence and transmission. To examine the potential conservation impact of trade in markets, we assessed the status of 33,752 animals observed during 375 visits to 93 markets, under the Lao PDR Wildlife and Aquatic Law. We observed 6,452 animals listed by Lao PDR as near extinct or threatened with extinction. The combined risks of wildlife trade in Lao PDR to human health and biodiver- sity highlight the need for a multi-sector approach to effectively protect public health, eco- nomic interests and biodiversity.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/wildlife-trade-human-health-lao-pdr-assessment-zoonotic-disease-risk-markets", "reader_count"=>55, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>6, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Researcher"=>8, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>6, "Student > Postgraduate"=>6, "Student > Master"=>11, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>9, "Lecturer"=>2, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>6, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Researcher"=>8, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. 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Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4876630"], "description"=>"<p>Bars represent standard deviation. Where wildlife was priced per individual, price was converted to Kip/kg using average body weight for wildlife species. The average price was based on observations of sales of: nine common palm civet, 33 Pallas’s squirrel, 14 Indian giant flying squirrel, 17 Pteropodidae, 40 Muridae and six domestic pork samples. For sales observations of the brush-tailed porcupine (n = 10), muntjac (n = 10) and wild boar (n = 3), wildlife was priced per kilogram. The price of rice (used as an indicator for the expected level of price variation across the country) did not vary significantly between vendors in markets or between different markets; the average across all markets was 4,982 Kip/kg.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Lao PDR", "pathogen spillover events", "Lao PDR Wildlife", "Asian wildlife trade", "host zoonotic diseases", "zoonotic disease transmission", "biodiversity", "bush meat trade", "Zoonotic Disease Risk", "12 taxonomic families", "2003 SARS coronavirus outbreak", "Chinese wildlife market", "wildlife trade", "36 zoonotic pathogens"], "article_id"=>3135655, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Ecology", "Cancer", "Science Policy", "Virology"], "users"=>["Zoe F. Greatorex", "Sarah H. Olson", "Sinpakone Singhalath", "Soubanh Silithammavong", "Kongsy Khammavong", "Amanda E. Fine", "Wendy Weisman", "Bounlom Douangngeun", "Watthana Theppangna", "Lucy Keatts", "Martin Gilbert", "William B. Karesh", "Troy Hansel", "Susan Zimicki", "Kathleen O’Rourke", "Damien O. Joly", "Jonna A. K. Mazet"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0150666.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Comparison_of_average_price_of_fresh_dead_wildlife_February_April_2012_to_the_price_of_domestic_pork_in_Lao_PDR_/3135655", "title"=>"Comparison of average price of fresh dead wildlife (February–April 2012) to the price of domestic pork in Lao PDR.", "pos_in_sequence"=>5, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-03-23 06:21:30"}
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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4876558", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4876567", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4876570", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4876573", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4876582", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4876585", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4876594"], "description"=>"<div><p>Although the majority of emerging infectious diseases can be linked to wildlife sources, most pathogen spillover events to people could likely be avoided if transmission was better understood and practices adjusted to mitigate risk. Wildlife trade can facilitate zoonotic disease transmission and represents a threat to human health and economies in Asia, highlighted by the 2003 SARS coronavirus outbreak, where a Chinese wildlife market facilitated pathogen transmission. Additionally, wildlife trade poses a serious threat to biodiversity. Therefore, the combined impacts of Asian wildlife trade, sometimes termed bush meat trade, on public health and biodiversity need assessing. From 2010 to 2013, observational data were collected in Lao PDR from markets selling wildlife, including information on volume, form, species and price of wildlife; market biosafety and visitor origin. The potential for traded wildlife to host zoonotic diseases that pose a serious threat to human health was then evaluated at seven markets identified as having high volumes of trade. At the seven markets, during 21 observational surveys, 1,937 alive or fresh dead mammals (approximately 1,009 kg) were observed for sale, including mammals from 12 taxonomic families previously documented to be capable of hosting 36 zoonotic pathogens. In these seven markets, the combination of high wildlife volumes, high risk taxa for zoonoses and poor biosafety increases the potential for pathogen presence and transmission. To examine the potential conservation impact of trade in markets, we assessed the status of 33,752 animals observed during 375 visits to 93 markets, under the Lao PDR Wildlife and Aquatic Law. We observed 6,452 animals listed by Lao PDR as near extinct or threatened with extinction. The combined risks of wildlife trade in Lao PDR to human health and biodiversity highlight the need for a multi-sector approach to effectively protect public health, economic interests and biodiversity.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Lao PDR", "pathogen spillover events", "Lao PDR Wildlife", "Asian wildlife trade", "host zoonotic diseases", "zoonotic disease transmission", "biodiversity", "bush meat trade", "Zoonotic Disease Risk", "12 taxonomic families", "2003 SARS coronavirus outbreak", "Chinese wildlife market", "wildlife trade", "36 zoonotic pathogens"], "article_id"=>3135601, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Ecology", "Cancer", "Science Policy", "Virology"], "users"=>["Zoe F. Greatorex", "Sarah H. Olson", "Sinpakone Singhalath", "Soubanh Silithammavong", "Kongsy Khammavong", "Amanda E. Fine", "Wendy Weisman", "Bounlom Douangngeun", "Watthana Theppangna", "Lucy Keatts", "Martin Gilbert", "William B. Karesh", "Troy Hansel", "Susan Zimicki", "Kathleen O’Rourke", "Damien O. Joly", "Jonna A. K. Mazet"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0150666.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0150666.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0150666.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0150666.s004", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0150666.s005", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0150666.s006", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0150666.s007"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Wildlife_Trade_and_Human_Health_in_Lao_PDR_An_Assessment_of_the_Zoonotic_Disease_Risk_in_Markets/3135601", "title"=>"Wildlife Trade and Human Health in Lao PDR: An Assessment of the Zoonotic Disease Risk in Markets", "pos_in_sequence"=>1, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2016-03-23 06:21:30"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4876645"], "description"=>"<p>Surveillance summary.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Lao PDR", "pathogen spillover events", "Lao PDR Wildlife", "Asian wildlife trade", "host zoonotic diseases", "zoonotic disease transmission", "biodiversity", "bush meat trade", "Zoonotic Disease Risk", "12 taxonomic families", "2003 SARS coronavirus outbreak", "Chinese wildlife market", "wildlife trade", "36 zoonotic pathogens"], "article_id"=>3135667, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Ecology", "Cancer", "Science Policy", "Virology"], "users"=>["Zoe F. Greatorex", "Sarah H. Olson", "Sinpakone Singhalath", "Soubanh Silithammavong", "Kongsy Khammavong", "Amanda E. Fine", "Wendy Weisman", "Bounlom Douangngeun", "Watthana Theppangna", "Lucy Keatts", "Martin Gilbert", "William B. Karesh", "Troy Hansel", "Susan Zimicki", "Kathleen O’Rourke", "Damien O. Joly", "Jonna A. K. Mazet"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0150666.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Surveillance_summary_/3135667", "title"=>"Surveillance summary.", "pos_in_sequence"=>6, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2016-03-23 06:21:30"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4876612"], "description"=>"<p>Mammals (Mammalia), wild birds (Aves) and reptiles (Reptilia) are shown. The seven high volume markets are listed and Lao PDR province for each corresponding market are provided.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Lao PDR", "pathogen spillover events", "Lao PDR Wildlife", "Asian wildlife trade", "host zoonotic diseases", "zoonotic disease transmission", "biodiversity", "bush meat trade", "Zoonotic Disease Risk", "12 taxonomic families", "2003 SARS coronavirus outbreak", "Chinese wildlife market", "wildlife trade", "36 zoonotic pathogens"], "article_id"=>3135637, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Ecology", "Cancer", "Science Policy", "Virology"], "users"=>["Zoe F. Greatorex", "Sarah H. Olson", "Sinpakone Singhalath", "Soubanh Silithammavong", "Kongsy Khammavong", "Amanda E. Fine", "Wendy Weisman", "Bounlom Douangngeun", "Watthana Theppangna", "Lucy Keatts", "Martin Gilbert", "William B. Karesh", "Troy Hansel", "Susan Zimicki", "Kathleen O’Rourke", "Damien O. Joly", "Jonna A. K. Mazet"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0150666.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Average_number_of_alive_or_fresh_dead_animals_per_day_for_markets_A_G_/3135637", "title"=>"Average number of alive or fresh dead animals per day for markets A-G.", "pos_in_sequence"=>3, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-03-23 06:21:30"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4876657"], "description"=>"<p>List of significant zoonoses capable of infecting mammals globally, for which a potential wildlife host was identified in Lao PDR.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Lao PDR", "pathogen spillover events", "Lao PDR Wildlife", "Asian wildlife trade", "host zoonotic diseases", "zoonotic disease transmission", "biodiversity", "bush meat trade", "Zoonotic Disease Risk", "12 taxonomic families", "2003 SARS coronavirus outbreak", "Chinese wildlife market", "wildlife trade", "36 zoonotic pathogens"], "article_id"=>3135676, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Ecology", "Cancer", "Science Policy", "Virology"], "users"=>["Zoe F. Greatorex", "Sarah H. Olson", "Sinpakone Singhalath", "Soubanh Silithammavong", "Kongsy Khammavong", "Amanda E. Fine", "Wendy Weisman", "Bounlom Douangngeun", "Watthana Theppangna", "Lucy Keatts", "Martin Gilbert", "William B. Karesh", "Troy Hansel", "Susan Zimicki", "Kathleen O’Rourke", "Damien O. Joly", "Jonna A. K. Mazet"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0150666.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/List_of_significant_zoonoses_capable_of_infecting_mammals_globally_for_which_a_potential_wildlife_host_was_identified_in_Lao_PDR_/3135676", "title"=>"List of significant zoonoses capable of infecting mammals globally, for which a potential wildlife host was identified in Lao PDR.", "pos_in_sequence"=>7, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2016-03-23 06:21:30"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4876621"], "description"=>"<p>Individual animal count and biomass (kg) observed for seven markets over 21 visits on a log scale are shown. Only families capable of hosting one or more zoonosis are represented. Precise biomass and counts are provided in the <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0150666#pone.0150666.s005\" target=\"_blank\">S1 Table</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Lao PDR", "pathogen spillover events", "Lao PDR Wildlife", "Asian wildlife trade", "host zoonotic diseases", "zoonotic disease transmission", "biodiversity", "bush meat trade", "Zoonotic Disease Risk", "12 taxonomic families", "2003 SARS coronavirus outbreak", "Chinese wildlife market", "wildlife trade", "36 zoonotic pathogens"], "article_id"=>3135646, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Ecology", "Cancer", "Science Policy", "Virology"], "users"=>["Zoe F. Greatorex", "Sarah H. Olson", "Sinpakone Singhalath", "Soubanh Silithammavong", "Kongsy Khammavong", "Amanda E. Fine", "Wendy Weisman", "Bounlom Douangngeun", "Watthana Theppangna", "Lucy Keatts", "Martin Gilbert", "William B. Karesh", "Troy Hansel", "Susan Zimicki", "Kathleen O’Rourke", "Damien O. Joly", "Jonna A. K. Mazet"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0150666.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Number_of_potential_significant_zoonoses_per_mammalian_family_based_on_total_live_and_fresh_dead_mass_A_and_individual_animal_count_B_of_mammals_/3135646", "title"=>"Number of potential significant zoonoses per mammalian family based on total live and fresh dead mass (A) and individual animal count (B) of mammals.", "pos_in_sequence"=>4, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-03-23 06:21:30"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"31", "full-text"=>"31", "pdf"=>"18", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"19", "pdf"=>"9", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"18", "pdf"=>"9", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"31", "full-text"=>"31", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"19", "full-text"=>"23", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"6", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"20", "full-text"=>"25", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"22", "full-text"=>"22", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"20", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"5", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"18", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"24", "full-text"=>"24", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"28", "full-text"=>"32", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"5", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"26", "full-text"=>"32", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"22", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"6", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"47", "full-text"=>"37", "pdf"=>"17", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"21", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"8", "supp-data"=>"7", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"30", "pdf"=>"8", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"9", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"21", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"25", "full-text"=>"22", "pdf"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"6", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"30", "full-text"=>"31", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"39", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"23", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"34", "full-text"=>"73", "pdf"=>"6", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"26", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"7", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"23", "full-text"=>"22", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"70", "pdf"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"18", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"26", "full-text"=>"50", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"39", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"27", "full-text"=>"48", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"10"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2016-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2016-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[]}
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