Twelve Weeks of Sprint Interval Training Improves Indices of Cardiometabolic Health Similar to Traditional Endurance Training despite a Five-Fold Lower Exercise Volume and Time Commitment
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{"title"=>"Twelve weeks of sprint interval training improves indices of cardiometabolic health similar to traditional endurance training despite a five-fold lower exercise volume and time commitment", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Jenna B.", "last_name"=>"Gillen", "scopus_author_id"=>"50161563200"}, {"first_name"=>"Brian J.", "last_name"=>"Martin", "scopus_author_id"=>"52264082000"}, {"first_name"=>"Martin J.", "last_name"=>"MacInnis", "scopus_author_id"=>"36337087100"}, {"first_name"=>"Lauren E.", "last_name"=>"Skelly", "scopus_author_id"=>"56237108900"}, {"first_name"=>"Mark A.", "last_name"=>"Tarnopolsky", "scopus_author_id"=>"7005265730"}, {"first_name"=>"Martin J.", "last_name"=>"Gibala", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603978588"}], "year"=>2016, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)\\r1932-6203 (Linking)", "sgr"=>"84977594689", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84977594689", "issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"611092952", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0154075", "pmid"=>"27115137"}, "id"=>"01281865-ec16-3312-8f95-f92b5268413b", "abstract"=>"AIMS: We investigated whether sprint interval training (SIT) was a time-efficient exercise strategy to improve insulin sensitivity and other indices of cardiometabolic health to the same extent as traditional moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT). SIT involved 1 minute of intense exercise within a 10-minute time commitment, whereas MICT involved 50 minutes of continuous exercise per session.\\n\\nMETHODS: Sedentary men (27±8y; BMI = 26±6kg/m2) performed three weekly sessions of SIT (n = 9) or MICT (n = 10) for 12 weeks or served as non-training controls (n = 6). SIT involved 3x20-second 'all-out' cycle sprints (~500W) interspersed with 2 minutes of cycling at 50W, whereas MICT involved 45 minutes of continuous cycling at ~70% maximal heart rate (~110W). Both protocols involved a 2-minute warm-up and 3-minute cool-down at 50W.\\n\\nRESULTS: Peak oxygen uptake increased after training by 19% in both groups (SIT: 32±7 to 38±8; MICT: 34±6 to 40±8ml/kg/min; p<0.001 for both). Insulin sensitivity index (CSI), determined by intravenous glucose tolerance tests performed before and 72 hours after training, increased similarly after SIT (4.9±2.5 to 7.5±4.7, p = 0.002) and MICT (5.0±3.3 to 6.7±5.0 x 10-4 min-1 [μU/mL]-1, p = 0.013) (p<0.05). Skeletal muscle mitochondrial content also increased similarly after SIT and MICT, as primarily reflected by the maximal activity of citrate synthase (CS; P<0.001). The corresponding changes in the control group were small for VO2peak (p = 0.99), CSI (p = 0.63) and CS (p = 0.97).\\n\\nCONCLUSIONS: Twelve weeks of brief intense interval exercise improved indices of cardiometabolic health to the same extent as traditional endurance training in sedentary men, despite a five-fold lower exercise volume and time commitment.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/twelve-weeks-sprint-interval-training-improves-indices-cardiometabolic-health-similar-traditional-en", "reader_count"=>295, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>9, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>13, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>36, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>20, "Student > Ph. D. 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Student"=>39, "Student > Postgraduate"=>11, "Student > Master"=>64, "Other"=>29, "Student > Bachelor"=>45, "Lecturer"=>10, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>3, "Professor"=>15}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>18, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>28, "Philosophy"=>2, "Arts and Humanities"=>2, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>2, "Computer Science"=>1, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>3, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>2, "Engineering"=>3, "Environmental Science"=>1, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>14, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>21, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>73, "Neuroscience"=>6, "Sports and Recreations"=>97, "Physics and Astronomy"=>2, "Psychology"=>11, "Social Sciences"=>8, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>73}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>8}, "Sports and Recreations"=>{"Sports and Recreations"=>97}, "Physics and Astronomy"=>{"Physics and Astronomy"=>2}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>11}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>18}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>1}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>2}, "Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>3}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>6}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>3}, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>2}, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>{"Immunology and Microbiology"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>28}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>2}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>21}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>14}, "Philosophy"=>{"Philosophy"=>2}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Canada"=>3, "Sweden"=>1, "United States"=>6, "Luxembourg"=>1, "Japan"=>1, "Brazil"=>2, "United Kingdom"=>4, "Italy"=>1, "Chile"=>1, "Portugal"=>1, "Germany"=>1, "Spain"=>3}, "group_count"=>9}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/5027473"], "description"=>"<p>Subject Characteristics.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["SIT", "VO 2 peak", "MICT", "Results Peak oxygen uptake", "Sprint Interval Training", "muscle mitochondrial content", "50 W", "BMI", "exercise", "Traditional Endurance Training", "glucose tolerance tests", "CS", "cardiometabolic health", "sprint interval training", "Insulin sensitivity index"], "article_id"=>3202864, "categories"=>["Biochemistry", "Medicine", "Cell Biology", "Genetics", "Molecular Biology", "Neuroscience", "Physiology", "Biotechnology", "Developmental Biology", "Marine Biology", "Cancer", "Science Policy", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["Jenna B. Gillen", "Brian J. Martin", "Martin J. MacInnis", "Lauren E. Skelly", "Mark A. Tarnopolsky", "Martin J. Gibala"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0154075.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Subject_Characteristics_/3202864", "title"=>"Subject Characteristics.", "pos_in_sequence"=>5, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2016-04-26 06:51:28"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/5027443"], "description"=>"<p>Measured in muscle biopsy samples obtained from the vastus lateralis before (PRE) and 96 h after (POST) the 12-week intervention in MICT, SIT and CTL. Maximal activity of citrate synthase (A), individual changes in maximal activity of citrate synthase (B) and protein content of various subunits from complexes in the electron transport chain (C). Representative western blots are shown. Values are means ± S.D. * p<0.05, vs. same group at PRE; † p<0.05, vs. CTL at POST.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["SIT", "VO 2 peak", "MICT", "Results Peak oxygen uptake", "Sprint Interval Training", "muscle mitochondrial content", "50 W", "BMI", "exercise", "Traditional Endurance Training", "glucose tolerance tests", "CS", "cardiometabolic health", "sprint interval training", "Insulin sensitivity index"], "article_id"=>3202840, "categories"=>["Biochemistry", "Medicine", "Cell Biology", "Genetics", "Molecular Biology", "Neuroscience", "Physiology", "Biotechnology", "Developmental Biology", "Marine Biology", "Cancer", "Science Policy", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["Jenna B. Gillen", "Brian J. Martin", "Martin J. MacInnis", "Lauren E. Skelly", "Mark A. Tarnopolsky", "Martin J. Gibala"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0154075.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Effect_of_SIT_and_MICT_on_skeletal_muscle_mitochondrial_content_/3202840", "title"=>"Effect of SIT and MICT on skeletal muscle mitochondrial content.", "pos_in_sequence"=>4, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-04-26 06:51:28"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/5027407"], "description"=>"<p>The change in insulin sensitivity (CS<sub>I</sub>) over the 12-week intervention, measured from a 50-minute IVGTT in MICT, SIT and CTL. Closed circles denote individual responses. Values are means ± S.D. * p<0.05, PRE vs. POST.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["SIT", "VO 2 peak", "MICT", "Results Peak oxygen uptake", "Sprint Interval Training", "muscle mitochondrial content", "50 W", "BMI", "exercise", "Traditional Endurance Training", "glucose tolerance tests", "CS", "cardiometabolic health", "sprint interval training", "Insulin sensitivity index"], "article_id"=>3202819, "categories"=>["Biochemistry", "Medicine", "Cell Biology", "Genetics", "Molecular Biology", "Neuroscience", "Physiology", "Biotechnology", "Developmental Biology", "Marine Biology", "Cancer", "Science Policy", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["Jenna B. Gillen", "Brian J. Martin", "Martin J. MacInnis", "Lauren E. Skelly", "Mark A. Tarnopolsky", "Martin J. Gibala"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0154075.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Effect_of_SIT_and_MICT_on_insulin_sensitivity_/3202819", "title"=>"Effect of SIT and MICT on insulin sensitivity.", "pos_in_sequence"=>3, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-04-26 06:51:28"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/5027494"], "description"=>"<p>Descriptive Characteristics and Markers of Glycemic Control.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["SIT", "VO 2 peak", "MICT", "Results Peak oxygen uptake", "Sprint Interval Training", "muscle mitochondrial content", "50 W", "BMI", "exercise", "Traditional Endurance Training", "glucose tolerance tests", "CS", "cardiometabolic health", "sprint interval training", "Insulin sensitivity index"], "article_id"=>3202888, "categories"=>["Biochemistry", "Medicine", "Cell Biology", "Genetics", "Molecular Biology", "Neuroscience", "Physiology", "Biotechnology", "Developmental Biology", "Marine Biology", "Cancer", "Science Policy", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["Jenna B. Gillen", "Brian J. Martin", "Martin J. MacInnis", "Lauren E. Skelly", "Mark A. Tarnopolsky", "Martin J. Gibala"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0154075.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Descriptive_Characteristics_and_Markers_of_Glycemic_Control_/3202888", "title"=>"Descriptive Characteristics and Markers of Glycemic Control.", "pos_in_sequence"=>6, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2016-04-26 06:51:28"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/5027383"], "description"=>"<p>Measured at baseline (PRE), 6 weeks (MID), and 12 weeks (POST) in MICT, SIT and CTL. Values are means ± S.D. * p<0.05, vs. same group at PRE; # p<0.05, vs. same group at MID.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["SIT", "VO 2 peak", "MICT", "Results Peak oxygen uptake", "Sprint Interval Training", "muscle mitochondrial content", "50 W", "BMI", "exercise", "Traditional Endurance Training", "glucose tolerance tests", "CS", "cardiometabolic health", "sprint interval training", "Insulin sensitivity index"], "article_id"=>3202798, "categories"=>["Biochemistry", "Medicine", "Cell Biology", "Genetics", "Molecular Biology", "Neuroscience", "Physiology", "Biotechnology", "Developmental Biology", "Marine Biology", "Cancer", "Science Policy", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["Jenna B. Gillen", "Brian J. Martin", "Martin J. MacInnis", "Lauren E. Skelly", "Mark A. Tarnopolsky", "Martin J. Gibala"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0154075.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Effect_of_SIT_and_MICT_on_VO_sub_2_sub_peak_/3202798", "title"=>"Effect of SIT and MICT on VO<sub>2</sub>peak.", "pos_in_sequence"=>2, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-04-26 06:51:28"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/5027350"], "description"=>"<div><p>Aims</p><p>We investigated whether sprint interval training (SIT) was a time-efficient exercise strategy to improve insulin sensitivity and other indices of cardiometabolic health to the same extent as traditional moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT). SIT involved 1 minute of intense exercise within a 10-minute time commitment, whereas MICT involved 50 minutes of continuous exercise per session.</p><p>Methods</p><p>Sedentary men (27±8y; BMI = 26±6kg/m<sup>2</sup>) performed three weekly sessions of SIT (n = 9) or MICT (n = 10) for 12 weeks or served as non-training controls (n = 6). SIT involved 3x20-second ‘all-out’ cycle sprints (~500W) interspersed with 2 minutes of cycling at 50W, whereas MICT involved 45 minutes of continuous cycling at ~70% maximal heart rate (~110W). Both protocols involved a 2-minute warm-up and 3-minute cool-down at 50W.</p><p>Results</p><p>Peak oxygen uptake increased after training by 19% in both groups (SIT: 32±7 to 38±8; MICT: 34±6 to 40±8ml/kg/min; p<0.001 for both). Insulin sensitivity index (CS<sub>I</sub>), determined by intravenous glucose tolerance tests performed before and 72 hours after training, increased similarly after SIT (4.9±2.5 to 7.5±4.7, p = 0.002) and MICT (5.0±3.3 to 6.7±5.0 x 10<sup>−4</sup> min<sup>-1</sup> [μU/mL]<sup>-1</sup>, p = 0.013) (p<0.05). Skeletal muscle mitochondrial content also increased similarly after SIT and MICT, as primarily reflected by the maximal activity of citrate synthase (CS; P<0.001). The corresponding changes in the control group were small for VO<sub>2</sub>peak (p = 0.99), CS<sub>I</sub> (p = 0.63) and CS (p = 0.97).</p><p>Conclusions</p><p>Twelve weeks of brief intense interval exercise improved indices of cardiometabolic health to the same extent as traditional endurance training in sedentary men, despite a five-fold lower exercise volume and time commitment.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["SIT", "VO 2 peak", "MICT", "Results Peak oxygen uptake", "Sprint Interval Training", "muscle mitochondrial content", "50 W", "BMI", "exercise", "Traditional Endurance Training", "glucose tolerance tests", "CS", "cardiometabolic health", "sprint interval training", "Insulin sensitivity index"], "article_id"=>3202783, "categories"=>["Biochemistry", "Medicine", "Cell Biology", "Genetics", "Molecular Biology", "Neuroscience", "Physiology", "Biotechnology", "Developmental Biology", "Marine Biology", "Cancer", "Science Policy", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["Jenna B. Gillen", "Brian J. Martin", "Martin J. MacInnis", "Lauren E. Skelly", "Mark A. Tarnopolsky", "Martin J. Gibala"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0154075", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>97, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Twelve_Weeks_of_Sprint_Interval_Training_Improves_Indices_of_Cardiometabolic_Health_Similar_to_Traditional_Endurance_Training_despite_a_Five_Fold_Lower_Exercise_Volume_and_Time_Commitment/3202783", "title"=>"Twelve Weeks of Sprint Interval Training Improves Indices of Cardiometabolic Health Similar to Traditional Endurance Training despite a Five-Fold Lower Exercise Volume and Time Commitment", "pos_in_sequence"=>1, "defined_type"=>6, "published_date"=>"2016-04-26 06:51:28"}

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{"start_date"=>"2016-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2016-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[]}
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