Prevalence and Trends of Transfusion-Transmissible Viral Infections among Blood Donors in South of Iran: An Eleven-Year Retrospective Study
Publication Date
June 16, 2016
Journal
PLOS ONE
Authors
Fatemeh Farshadpour, Reza Taherkhani, Saeed Tajbakhsh, Marziyeh Gholizadeh Tangestani, et al
Volume
11
Issue
6
Pages
e0157615
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0157615
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0157615
Scopus
84976371955
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/prevalence-trends-transfusiontransmissible-viral-infections-among-blood-donors-south-iran-elevenyear
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Prevalence and trends of transfusion-Transmissible viral infections among blood donors in south of Iran: An Eleven-Year retrospective study", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Fatemeh", "last_name"=>"Farshadpour", "scopus_author_id"=>"35336313500"}, {"first_name"=>"Reza", "last_name"=>"Taherkhani", "scopus_author_id"=>"56004959700"}, {"first_name"=>"Saeed", "last_name"=>"Tajbakhsh", "scopus_author_id"=>"23981690300"}, {"first_name"=>"Marziyeh Gholizadeh", "last_name"=>"Tangestani", "scopus_author_id"=>"57190010666"}, {"first_name"=>"Gholamreza", "last_name"=>"Hajiani", "scopus_author_id"=>"56378652500"}, {"first_name"=>"Nasrin", "last_name"=>"Sharifi", "scopus_author_id"=>"25825623000"}, {"first_name"=>"Sakineh", "last_name"=>"Taherkhani", "scopus_author_id"=>"56690403700"}, {"first_name"=>"Abdolreza", "last_name"=>"Nejadbolkheyr", "scopus_author_id"=>"57190001055"}], "year"=>2016, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"sgr"=>"84976371955", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0157615", "pui"=>"610922108", "pmid"=>"27309959", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84976371955", "issn"=>"19326203"}, "id"=>"ca3e0679-d59d-3ca2-aedb-11d09e0eac3f", "abstract"=>"BACKGROUND Blood transfusion is considered a potential risk factor for transmission of life-threatening viral infections, including HIV, HCV and HBV infections. This study was performed to find out the prevalence and trends of these infections among blood donors in Southern Iran. METHODS The blood donor data recorded in twelve regional blood transfusion centers from 2004 to 2014 were analyzed in an anonymous way with respect to the results of serological screening for HBV, HCV, and HIV infections. Overall, 293454 donors were screened for viral infections. RESULTS Most of the donors were male, married, aged between 20-40 years, educated, and regular donors. The overall seroprevalence rates of HBV, HCV and HIV were 0.15%, 0.1% and 0.004%, respectively. The highest seroprevalence was found for HBV, followed by HCV and HIV. These infections were more prevalent in male, low educated and first time donors. The highest HCV seroprevalence was observed among donors aged 20 to 40 years, while HBV seroprevalence increased with age. The seroprevalence rates of HBV and HCV from 2004 to 2014 showed significant decreasing trends from 0.460% to 0.060% (P < 0.001) and 0.329% to 0.045% (P < 0.001), respectively. Whereas HIV infection had a slight but not significant decline from 0.0173% in 2004 to 0.0028% in 2014 (P = 0.087). CONCLUSIONS The decreasing trends of transfusion-transmissible viral infections in blood donations indicate that the attempts of IBTO were successful in improving the safety of the blood supply, since the prevalence rates of viral infections have been reduced to very low levels in blood donations over the years. However, still more effective techniques such as polymerase chain reaction (PCR) are needed to guarantee blood safety.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/prevalence-trends-transfusiontransmissible-viral-infections-among-blood-donors-south-iran-elevenyear", "reader_count"=>15, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>1, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>4, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>2, "Other"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>1, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>4, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>2, "Other"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>3, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>6, "Philosophy"=>1, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>6}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>3}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>3}, "Philosophy"=>{"Philosophy"=>1}, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>{"Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>1}}, "group_count"=>0}

Scopus | Further Information

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