The Effectiveness of Cognitive Bias Modification Interventions for Substance Addictions: A Meta-Analysis
Publication Date
September 09, 2016
Journal
PLOS ONE
Authors
Ioana A. Cristea, Robin N. Kok & Pim Cuijpers
Volume
11
Issue
9
Pages
e0162226
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0162226
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0162226
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/effectiveness-cognitive-bias-modification-interventions-substance-addictions-metaanalysis
Events
Loading … Spinner

Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"The Effectiveness of Cognitive Bias Modification Interventions for Substance Addictions: A Meta-Analysis", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Ioana A.", "last_name"=>"Cristea"}, {"first_name"=>"Robin N.", "last_name"=>"Kok"}, {"first_name"=>"Pim", "last_name"=>"Cuijpers"}], "year"=>2016, "source"=>"PLOS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pui"=>"612598545", "isbn"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0162226", "issn"=>"1932-6203", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0162226", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84990986182", "pmid"=>"27611692", "sgr"=>"84990986182"}, "id"=>"8c4487a1-cd20-39ec-8eca-a501ec421691", "abstract"=>"BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Cognitive bias modification (CBM) interventions, presumably targeting automatic processes, are considered particularly promising for addictions. We conducted a meta-analysis examining randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of CBM for substance addiction outcomes.\\n\\nMETHODS: Studies were identified through systematic searches in bibliographical databases. We included RCTs of CBM interventions, alone or in combination with other treatments, for any type of addiction. We examined trial risk of bias, publication bias and possible moderators. Effects sizes were computed for post-test and follow-up, using a random-effects model. We grouped outcome measures and reported results for addiction (all related measures), craving and cognitive bias.\\n\\nRESULTS: We identified 25 trials, 18 for alcohol problems, and 7 for smoking. At post-test, there was no significant effect of CBM for addiction, g = 0.08 (95% CI -0.02 to 0.18) or craving, g = 0.05 (95% CI -0.06 to 0.16), but there was a significant, moderate effect on cognitive bias, g = 0.60 (95% CI 0.39 to 0.79). Results were similar for alcohol and smoking outcomes taken separately. Follow-up addiction outcomes were reported in 7 trials, resulting in a small but significant effect of CBM, g = 0.18 (95% CI 0.03 to 0.32). Results for addiction and craving did not differ by substance type, sample type, delivery setting, bias targeted or number of sessions. Risk of bias was high or uncertain in most trials, for most criteria considered. Meta-regression analyses revealed significant inverse relationships between risk of bias and effect sizes for addiction outcomes and craving. The relationship between cognitive bias and respectively addiction ESs was not significant. There was consistent evidence of publication bias in the form of funnel plot asymmetry.\\n\\nCONCLUSIONS: Our results cast serious doubts on the clinical utility of CBM interventions for addiction problems, but sounder methodological trials are necessary before this issue can be settled. We found no indication that positive effects on biases translate into effects on addiction outcomes.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/effectiveness-cognitive-bias-modification-interventions-substance-addictions-metaanalysis", "reader_count"=>63, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>4, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Researcher"=>9, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>15, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>8, "Other"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>13, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>4}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>4, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Researcher"=>9, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>15, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>8, "Other"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>13, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>4}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>11, "Engineering"=>1, "Environmental Science"=>1, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>3, "Neuroscience"=>1, "Psychology"=>43, "Social Sciences"=>3}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>1}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>3}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>1}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>3}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>43}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>11}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"United Kingdom"=>1}, "group_count"=>2}

CrossRef

Scopus

{"@_fa"=>"true", "error"=>"Result set was empty"}

Journal Comments

Twitter

Counter

  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"134", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"943"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"46", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"257"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"189"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"26", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"85"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"26", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"110"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"27", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"101"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"21", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"120"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"106"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"120"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"74"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"28", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"97"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"83"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"70"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"26", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"133"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"45", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"215"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"268"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"41", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"89"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"33", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"80"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"34", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"70"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"31", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"46"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"37", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"75"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"39", "xml_views"=>"6", "html_views"=>"69"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"34", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"57"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"35", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"52"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"36", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"42"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"82", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"74"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"84", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"70"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"35", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"69"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"29", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"46"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"62", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"83"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"52", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"60"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"27", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"48"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"19", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"52"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"27", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"54"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"29", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"54"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"20", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"51"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"43"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"60", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"120"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"54", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"65"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"42", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"36"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"22", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"22"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"14"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"29", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"22"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"28", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"24"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"63", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"26"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"13"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"28", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"45"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"29", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"45"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"77", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"64"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"67", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"132"}

PMC Usage Stats

  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"101", "full-text"=>"231", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"18", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"6", "supp-data"=>"5", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"19", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"19", "full-text"=>"19", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"20", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"4", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"19", "full-text"=>"20", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"35", "full-text"=>"38", "pdf"=>"19", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"10", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"20", "full-text"=>"19", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"19", "full-text"=>"22", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"28", "full-text"=>"30", "pdf"=>"8", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"18", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"18", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"32", "full-text"=>"31", "pdf"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"6", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"6", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"7", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"25", "full-text"=>"27", "pdf"=>"6", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"25", "full-text"=>"25", "pdf"=>"6", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"30", "full-text"=>"25", "pdf"=>"9", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"31", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"22", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"31", "full-text"=>"18", "pdf"=>"20", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"57", "full-text"=>"60", "pdf"=>"19", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"53", "full-text"=>"62", "pdf"=>"16", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"8", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"52", "full-text"=>"56", "pdf"=>"18", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"82", "full-text"=>"104", "pdf"=>"15", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"29", "full-text"=>"30", "pdf"=>"7", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"19", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"8", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"37", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"41", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"9"}
Loading … Spinner
There are currently no alerts