Links between plant and fungal diversity in habitat fragments of coastal shrubland
Publication Date
September 19, 2017
Authors
Mia R. Maltz, Kathleen K. Treseder & Krista L. Mc Guire
Volume
12
Issue
9
Pages
e0184991
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0184991
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0184991
Scopus
85029813960
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/links-between-plant-fungal-diversity-habitat-fragments-coastal-shrubland
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Links between plant and fungal diversity in habitat fragments of coastal shrubland", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Mia R.", "last_name"=>"Maltz", "scopus_author_id"=>"56194862000"}, {"first_name"=>"Kathleen K.", "last_name"=>"Treseder", "scopus_author_id"=>"6602102587"}, {"first_name"=>"Krista L.", "last_name"=>"McGuire", "scopus_author_id"=>"23980495800"}], "year"=>2017, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"scopus"=>"2-s2.0-85029813960", "sgr"=>"85029813960", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0184991", "pui"=>"618452291", "pmid"=>"28926606", "isbn"=>"1111111111", "issn"=>"19326203"}, "id"=>"8e58e9e3-cce3-34bd-82f7-08cf5dffbc84", "abstract"=>"Habitat fragmentation is widespread across ecosystems, detrimentally affecting biodiversity. Although most habitat fragmentation studies have been conducted on macroscopic organisms, microbial communities and fungal processes may also be threatened by fragmentation. This study investigated whether fragmentation, and the effects of fragmentation on plants, altered fungal diversity and function within a fragmented shrubland in southern California. Using fluorimetric techniques, we assayed enzymes from plant litter collected from fragments of varying sizes to investigate enzymatic responses to fragmentation. To isolate the effects of plant richness from those of fragment size on fungi, we deployed litter bags containing different levels of plant litter diversity into the largest fragment and incubated in the field for one year. Following field incubation, we determined litter mass loss and conducted molecular analyses of fungal communities. We found that leaf-litter enzyme activity declined in smaller habitat fragments with less diverse vegetation. Moreover, we detected greater litter mass loss in litter bags containing more diverse plant litter. Additionally, bags with greater plant litter diversity harbored greater numbers of fungal taxa. These findings suggest that both plant litter resources and fungal function may be affected by habitat fragmentation’s constraints on plants, possibly because plant species differ chemically, and may thus decompose at different rates. Diverse plant assemblages may produce a greater variety of litter resources and provide more ecological niche space, which may support greater numbers of fungal taxa. Thus, reduced plant diversity may constrain both fungal taxa richness and decomposition in fragmented coastal shrublands. Altogether, our findings provide evidence that even fungi may be affected by human-driven habitat fragmentation via direct effects of fragmentation on plants. Our findings underscore the importance of restoring diverse vegetation communities within larger coastal sage scrub fragments and suggest that this may be an effective way to improve the functional capacity of degraded sites.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/links-between-plant-fungal-diversity-habitat-fragments-coastal-shrubland", "reader_count"=>5, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Other"=>1, "Student > Master"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Other"=>1, "Student > Master"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>2, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Immunology and Microbiology"=>{"Immunology and Microbiology"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>2}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>1}}, "group_count"=>0}

Scopus | Further Information

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