Pig movements in France: Designing network models fitting the transmission route of pathogens
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Pig movements in France: Designing network models fitting the transmission route of pathogens", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Morgane", "last_name"=>"Salines", "scopus_author_id"=>"56685836400"}, {"first_name"=>"Mathieu", "last_name"=>"Andraud", "scopus_author_id"=>"24766063000"}, {"first_name"=>"Nicolas", "last_name"=>"Rose", "scopus_author_id"=>"7201575667"}], "year"=>2017, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"scopus"=>"2-s2.0-85031724088", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0185858", "sgr"=>"85031724088", "isbn"=>"1111111111", "pmid"=>"29049305", "issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"618802767"}, "id"=>"e47ad2e3-43be-3230-8eb2-2706f4e8a124", "abstract"=>"Pathogen spread between farms results from interaction between the epidemiological characteristics of infectious agents, such as transmission route, and the contact structure between holdings. The objective of our study was to design network models of pig movements matching with epidemiological features of pathogens. Our first model represents the transmission of infectious diseases between farms only through the introduction of animals to holdings (Animal Introduction Model AIM), whereas the second one also accounts for pathogen spread through intermediate transit of trucks through farms even without any animal unloading (i.e. indirect transmission–Transit Model TM). To take the pyramidal organisation of pig production into consideration, these networks were studied at three different scales: the whole network and two subnetworks containing only breeding or production farms. The two models were applied to pig movement data recorded in France from June 2012 to December 2014. For each type of model, we calculated network descriptive statistics, looked for weakly/strongly connected components (WCCs/SCCs) and communities, and analysed temporal patterns. Whatever the model, the network exhibited scale-free and small-world topologies. Differences in centrality values between the two models showed that nucleus, multiplication and post-weaning farms played a key role in the spread of diseases transmitted exclusively by the introduction of infected animals, whereas farrowing and farrow-to-finish herds appeared more vulnerable to the introduction of infectious diseases through indirect contacts. The second network was less fragmented than the first one, a giant SCC being detected. The topology of network communities also varied with modelling assumptions: in the first approach, a huge geographically dispersed community was found, whereas the second model highlighted several small geographically clustered communities. These results underline the relevance of developing network models corresponding to pathogen features (e.g. their transmission route), and the need to target specific types of holdings/areas for surveillance depending on the epidemiological context.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/pig-movements-france-designing-network-models-fitting-transmission-route-pathogens", "reader_count"=>13, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Researcher"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>5, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Researcher"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>5, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Mathematics"=>2, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>6, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>6}, "Mathematics"=>{"Mathematics"=>2}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>3}, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>{"Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>2}}, "group_count"=>1}

Scopus | Further Information

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